Transnational Society ± Take Home Mid-term Test (2011)
Name : Andhyta Firselly UtamiDepartment /NPM : International Relations / 0906550373Resource : Rupert Taylor, ³Interpreting Global Civil Society´ in Voluntas:International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations Vol.13, No.4 (December 2002), pp. 339-346Question : ³What are the strengths, weaknesses, limitations, and opportunities of global civil society?´
Global Civil Society: The Undefined Heroes and Their Contributions
Despite the existence of µglobal civil society¶ term for decades, Rupert Taylor still believes thatthere is a quite long to-do-list faced by international relations academia in this area. In ³Interpreting GlobalCivil Society´, he mentions the importance of clear description as well as adequate theorization towards thisconcept. This idea is also upheld by Martin Shaw and Mary Kaldor who state that a division of factual andnormative senses is impossible
since the core concern lies on aspects of the same relationships.
The globalcivil society, hence, requires to be perceived as a progressive
field with innovativenetwork forms and transformative purpose in the future. This review is going to further elaborate how suchcondition constitutes certain strengths, weaknesses, limitations, and opportunities for the discussed topic,concluded with the challenges that need to be encountered.Between scholars, mass media, and amongst a broader public, the phrase µglobal civil society¶ has been very commonly used. However, as quoted from Waterman, ³the provenance of the term is apparentlynot well grounded and has not yet passed through the forge of theoretical clarification or the sieve of publicdebate´. Martin Shaw also argues that the conceptualization of global civil society is not ³the novelty itmight appear at first glance´ but rather the known national sociology frameworks that are brought to theinternational level.
One of several available dubious meanings, proposed by Anheieris as ³the sphere of ideas, values, institutions, organizations, networks, and individuals located between the family, the state, andthe market and operating
the confines of national societies, polities, and economies´ is consideredtoo wide and is going to include almost a universe of players that are not necessarily tied to progress a better world. The yet-to-be-agreed most accepted definition, on the contrary, belongs to µnon-governmentalorganizations (NGOs) or social movements, of all shapes and sizes, operating in the international realm¶.
This is actually a rather too shallow designation for all intricate actors behind the term and therefore, is verydebatable and may lead to several circumstances.First, such loose explanation benefits the µglobal civil society¶²although we have not reallyreached an agreement on who they are²in boundlessly involving crucial stakeholders. This is one of theforemost strengths of global civil society, both in the form of organizations and movements, since they haveno tight borders in creating wide, global networks. Such privilege is not possessed by the states because theyhave to bump into the gate of µsovereignty¶ and µbureaucracy¶ before establishing any form of cooperation.
Mary Kaldor, ³The Idea of Global Civil Society´ in
nternational Affairs, 79,
Vol.3 (2003), page 590
Martin Shaw, ³The Theoretical Challenge of Global Society´ in
Global Society and
nternational Relations²Sociological Concepts and Political Perspectives
(Cambridge: Polity Press, 1994), page 11
Ibid., page 14
Robert Taylor, ³Interpreting Global Civil Society´ in Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations Vol.13, No.4(December 2002), pp. 339