NASA CLIMATE-CENTRIC ARCHITECTURE
E A R T H S C I E N C E
The Obama Administration is acting on its recognition that climate change is a dening issue of our generation. Ourresponses to the challenges of climate change—accurate prediction, equitable adaptation, and efcient mitiga-tion—will inuence the quality of life for the nation, and indeed the world, for generations to come. The President’sFY2011 budget request provides a cumulative $10.3 Billion (B) funding to NASA’s Earth Science program overthe period FY2011–2015 to address pressing scientic and national issues associated with climate change andthe nation’s climate research and monitoring capabilities. As recommended by the National Research Council’s(NRC’s) Earth Science and Applications Decadal Survey, this FY2011 budget request returns NASA Earth Sci-ence funding to the approximate level that it had in FY2000, an increase of more than 30% from recent levels. This funding allows for the acceleration and expansion of activities across the entire, coordinated Earth Scienceprogram—in the areas of ight missions, research, applications, and Earth Science mission technology develop-ment—thus advancing the balance and scope that have been hallmarks of NASA Earth System Science. Thisdocument outlines the integrated NASA Earth Science program enabled by the FY2011 budget request. The integrated and balanced program described here is aligned with the Administration’s overarching emphasison climate research and monitoring. It is further consistent with, and has been informed by, the comprehensive vi-sion for NASA’s Earth Science endeavor set forth by the NRC in its Decadal Survey. Most visibly, this architecturerevitalizes the nation’s research satellite system, providing near-term measurements to advance science, underpinpolicy, and expand applications and societal benets. In addition to building the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2mission for launch in 2013, NASA will: accelerate development of the four NRC Decadal Survey Tier 1 missionsso that they are all launched by 2017; accelerate and expand the Venture-class line of competed, innovative smallmissions; initiate new space missions to address continuity of high-priority climate observations; and bring twoDecadal Survey Tier 2 missions forward to allow launch by 2020.Complementing the ight portfolio expansion, NASA will advance climate research, multiply applications using thefull set of available (NASA and non-NASA) satellite measurements for direct societal benet, and develop/maturetechnologies required for the next generations of Earth observing missions. These non-ight activities, which areessential for transforming the global spaceborne measurements into accurate predictions, efcient informationproducts for the broad range of end-users, and consistent bases for long-term monitoring, include (but are notlimited to): modeling and assessments supporting National Assessments and future IPCC studies; acceleration of operational use of NASA research products for predictions, building on expertise developed with systems such asSERVIR; focused calibration activities to effectively leverage measurements from international space missions and
observations; development and testing of aspects of a national carbon monitoring system serving science,policy-makers, and stakeholders; and investments in effective Earth Science education programs such as GLOBE.With this plan, NASA’s Earth Science program will substantially advance science, expand applications, and addressnational information requirements for near-term policy development and future evaluations of policy efcacy. To present the next level of detail, the work to be accomplished with FY2011 President’s Budget Request is de-scribed in the categories of
Space-based Observing Systems; Mission-enabling/Data Exploiting Research and Applications; and Assembling the Components to Meet National Needs.
1. Space-based Observing Systems:
The FY2011 President’s Budget Request allows signicant expansion of, and launch date acceleration for, thesuite of NASA-developed Earth observing satellite missions. The budget thus enables NASA to address a majornding of the NRC’s 2005 Decadal Survey interim report: the crisis of a contracting and aging US environmentalresearch satellite constellation. The following missions are either accelerated or initiated by this budget.