W s ,W f ,W e ,W k ,W q
are weight of stem, footing, earth, key and surcharge,
aredistance from the center of stem, footing, earth, key, and surcharge to the rotation point at toe.3. The factor of safety against over turning is calculated asBearing pressure:The bearing pressure is calculated as follows1. The center of the total weight from the edge of toe isWhere W is total weight of retaining wall including stem, footing, earth and surcharge.2. The eccentricity, e = B/2-X3. If e B/6, the maximum and minimum footing pressure is calculated asWhere, Q
are maximum and minimum footing pressure, B is the width of footing.4. If e > B/6, Q
is zero,5. Q
should be less than allowable soil bearing capacity of footing soil.Sliding:1. The driving force for sliding is calculated as2. The friction resisting force at the base of footing is calculated aswhere is friction coefficient between concrete and soil. is often taken as tan (2/3 ). is internalfriction of the soil.