Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
13Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Etymology of Sangha

Etymology of Sangha

Ratings: (0)|Views: 218|Likes:
Published by Ravi Vararo
etymology and origin of the word samgha, sangam, சங்கம்
etymology and origin of the word samgha, sangam, சங்கம்

More info:

Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Ravi Vararo on Jun 04, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

12/12/2013

pdf

text

original

 
Origin and etymology of Sangha
ItisclaimedwronglythatthewordSangamam/sangam(confluenceofRivers)isSanskritorigin,comingfromSangha,theBuddhistandJaintermforanassemblyofmonks.InTamilthewordmeans"assembly"or"academy".ItisalsoclaimedwronglythattheTamilword"Sangam"isofIndo-Aryanorigin,comingfrom"Sangha".Unionisdefinedasanactofunitingorjoiningtwoormorethingsintoone,orthestateofbeingunitedorjoined;junction;coalition;combination.
 
SanskritPunditsarewronglyclaimthattheword
ः ः ः  ः 
sagha/sangha,isaSanskritword.Itistotallyfalseandtheycouldnotcorrectlyetymologicallyexplaintheoriginofthesame
MonierWilliamsSanskritDictionarywronglyclaimsthattheetymologyofthewordsaghaisderivedbythecombinationoftwowords(fr.
sa
+√ 
ha
),whichmeans'closecontactorcombination.
ः ः ः  ः 
sagha,
saṃ-gha 
m.(fr.
sa
+
ha
)'closecontactorcombination',anycollectionorassemblage,heap,multitude,quantity,crowd,host,number(generallywithgen.pl.orifc.,e.g.
muni-s○ 
,'amultitudeofsages'BhP
śatru-s○ 
,ahostofenemiesRājat.)MBh.Kāv.&canynumberofpeoplelivingtogetherforacertainpurpose,asociety,association,company,communityaclericalcommunity,congregation,churchMn.Sāh.&c(esp.)thewholecommunityorcollectivebodyorbrotherhoodofmonks(withBuddhistsalsoappliedtoamonkishfraternityorsectamongJainas)Buddh.Sarvad.MWB.176Howeverthemeaningof
hanisnothingbuttokill,slay,destroyandstrikedown.Thereisnodirectconnectionof
hanwithsagha.Accoringtoapte,theusageof
haninthissenseoftogowasrarelyusedinclassicalliteratureandwhenuseditisregardedasafaultofcomposition).ThereforetheclaimofMonierWilliamsdictionaryiswrong.Ref:
han
2P.[Skt]
ित 
,
न 
,
वधत्
,
वि 
त 
;
िित 
,
ह
;
त 
;
pass. 
हते
;
caus. 
ित 
;
desid. 
िित) 
11 
Tokill,slay,destroy,strikedown;
-- -22 
Tostrike,beat;
-- -33 
Tohurt,injure,afflict,torment;
-- -44 
Toputdown,abandon;
-- -55 
Toremove,takeaway,destroy;
-- -66 
Toconquer,overthrow,defeat,overcome
-- -77 
Tohinder,obstruct.
-- -88 
Tomar,spoil;
-- -99 
Toraise;
-- -11 100 
Tomultiply(inmath.).
-- -1111
Togo(rarelyusedinclassicalliteratureinthissense;andwhenuseditisregardedasafaultofcomposition);
e.g. 
कुहित 
री
S.D.7;or
रेनिरिवष 
ििदरम
K.P.7(givenasaninstanceofthe
दो
called
व)
-- -1111
(Inastr.)Totouch,comeintocontact.
-- -1111
Towardoff,avert
 
Further,thereisanotherwordcalled
ह
sahatyaallegedlyderivedfrom
sa+
ह
hatya(whichisderivedfrom
han).Thecombinationofthewords
saṃ+
ह
hatyahavenotresultedassaṃghatyaunlikesaghaasclaimedbyit.ThereisnomeaningofUnion/associationfortheword
ह
sahatyaunlike
ः 
saṅghaḥRef/Compare:
ह
saṃhatya
Abs.of
+हन्
2P.)[Skt]Together,simultaneously,allatatime;Wehavetofindouttheoriginofthesaidword.Beforethat,wehavetoanalyzetheotherrelatedwords.
சம:
Ammutal
= 
toconnect
பத 
,toequate,similar.
ஒத
,Tomixetc.
 
Am->
 
sam->
ம 
,samattu.Tomixbytreading,
கல 
க 
.Commonly
 
.
 
Am->
 
sam->
 
samam,n.1.Likeness,similarity,equality;
ஒ. 
.)
2.Equalorsimilarobject;
தப.
3.Impartiality,fairness;
நந.சசமக(த.
99).4.Evennumber;
டயஎ.சமநல 
(பப.
140).5.Evenness,levelness;
ஏறதவம.
6.(Poet.)Stanzainwhichallthelineshavethesamenumberoffeet;
ஒகடய 
.(ரச..
33,
.)
7.(Mus.)Avarietyofkirakam,q.v.See
மவ
8.Mean,medium,
 
.9.Moderation,moderateness,mediocrity,
கறவம 
.6.Equity,impartiality,unbiasedness,
நநல 
.(c.)W.p.893.10.War,battle,engagement,conflict,
ப 
.11.Stillness,calmness,quietude,composure,equanimity,
ம 
.12.[inastron.]Syzygy,
ரகசநல 
.13.[invedantism.]Stoicism,indifference,restrainingtheappetitesandpassions,
ட 
.14.(R.)All,thewhole,entireness,
எ 
.
 
samam-

 
 samamu
. [ Telugu] adj.
Like,alike,similar,same,equal,even,smooth,level.Impartial,freefrompassion,equable
 
    
,
    
,
    
,
    
,

,

 
. 
 
aroundorevensum.
  
o
newhoisequitableorimpartial.n.Equality,evenness,

,

.
Ayear
 

. "
    
." Vish. vi. 76.
 
 
 
 samamu-chēyu
. v. a.
Tolevelorequalise
 

 
 
,

.

Activity (13)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads
kvramanan_1 liked this
John Selvaraj liked this
karkotagan liked this
Ravi Vararo liked this
Ravi Vararo liked this
Ravi Vararo liked this
Ravi Vararo liked this
Ravi Vararo liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->