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Cantor - Grundlagen

Cantor - Grundlagen

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Published by Luke Fraser

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Published by: Luke Fraser on Jun 04, 2011
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05/13/2014

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'2-...t\-.~~..
~~~\
.The
C~assicsof
the~t.~OhnIS
Progr~
..
GEORGCANTOR
..
'
(1845-.19l.8)
TRANSFINITENUMBERS
Threepapers
on
transfinitenumbersfromtheMathematischeAnnalen
Vol.
XLVI
(189S).
PP.
481-512.
vol.
XLIX
(1$97).
pp.
207-246.
;~
Vol.XXI(1883)PP.545-591.
(Grundlagen)•
Translated
jromthe.German
.,::
by
-
.~
,
George~.BingleyJe
suis
tel1ementpour11infiniactuel,qu'au'lieu
d1admettre,
quelanaturel'abhorre,
commeIon
dit
vulgairement,
je
tiensqu1ellel'affectepar-tout,
pourmieuxmarquer
lesperf'ectdonsde
sonAuteUr.-
Leibnitz
Copyright
1941-
by
GeorgeA.
Bingley
 
92.
ONINFINITE,LINEARPOINT-MANIFOLDS
(JlathematischeAnnalen,Vol.XXI,p.545-91;'1883)GeorgCantor
in
Halle(ContinuationofthearticleinVol.XXI,p.51)Alsoreprinted,Leipzig1883,underthetitle"GrundlageneinerallgemeinenMannich£altigkeitslehre~ff
5.
§
1.
Thepresentationof
m1
investigationsup.tonow
in
the·theor,yatlastreachedapointwherefurthercontinuationdependsupon
'~''''''f''''''\''U
ofthE!ccnceptofrealintegerbeyonditslimitsasacceptedtoday,furthElrroon"thisextensionlies
"in
adirectionalongl\1'l.icho
nzy"
knowledgeha.sproceeded.Thisdependence,whichbringsmefacetofacewithanextension
~umber
conoept~issogreat,.that.
vd.
thoutsuchanextensionit
YO
uld
be
possibletotakeeventheslightest~tepforward
in
thetheoryofsets;
may
then,forthisreason,
be
foundjustification"or,itnecessary,even
IOJ,IU.J,.V",;y,
forintroducingapparentlyunfamiliarideasinto
my
considerations.itisaquestionofanextensionandcontinuationoftheseriesofrealinte-intotheinfinite(·,1berdasUnendliche);daringaethis
may
seem,Iventure
S8
notonlythehopebuteven·thefirmcqnvictionthatthisextension
will
berecog~izedasanentirelysimple
I
proper,andnaturalone.Imakeno
.
'.
toconcealthefactthat
in
thisundertakingIsubmitapointofview
i~
considerableoppositionto
widely
acceptedopinionsonthemathernati-
 
cal
infiniteandtofrequentlypresentedviewsonthenatureofnumericalquan-Astothemathematicalinfinite,itseemstomethat
in
sofarhasbeenfoundajustifiableapplicationfor
it
inthesciencesandithasbeenemployedfortheiradvancement,ithasappearedprincipally
in
the.roleofavariablewhichgrows
[546]
beyondalllimitsordi.mirishesto
any
•desiredminuteness,butwhichalwaysappearsasaquantityremainingfinite.Icalltheideal-infinite(Uneigentlich-unendlich)*.Butinrecenttimesandevenatthepresentday,
in
geometryand
in
thetheoryoffunctions,anotherequallyjustifiablekindofconceptof
"'1nfini
ty
hasarisen,'inwhichforexample,
in
thestudyofenanalyticfunctionacomplexvariable,ithasbecomethegeperalandnecessaryusagetothinkofasinglepointatinfinity
in
theplane.ofthecomplexvariable,thatis,infinitelydistantbutneverthelessdefinitepoint"andtoinvestigatetheofthefunction
in
theneighborhoodofthispoint;fromwhichitturnsout.thatthebehaviorofthefunctionintheneighborhoodoftheinfinitelydistantpointexhibitsexactlythesamepropertiesasat
any
point
in
thefinitesothat
full
justificationisassuredtothinkoftheinfinite
in
thisaslyingatacompletelydeterminedpoint.Whentheinfiniteappears
in
suchadefiniteformIcallitactual-infinite(Eigentli.ch-Unendliches)*.,*TransllltorisNote:.
The
translatorisnotentirelysatisfiedwithhisrender-ingsof"Uneigeritlich"andIlEigentlichUasidealandactual,
in
thattheyfailtoshowthattheformeristhenegativeofthelater;"non-actual
ll
and"actuul
Jt
seemedtooartificial."Real
tl
forUEigentlich"isfraughtwithcountlessambiguities.BertrandRussellsuggests"improper"for"Uneigentlich".

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