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54621822 Edexcel Biology A2 Revision Notes

54621822 Edexcel Biology A2 Revision Notes

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Published by: Sachitra Wijethunga on Jun 04, 2011
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06/24/2014

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Edexcel Biology Notes Produced by Tim Filtness1
 A2 A2 A2 A2 Biology Revision NotesBiology Revision NotesBiology Revision NotesBiology Revision Notes
“We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence,therefore, is not an act but a habit.” - Aristotle
Merchant TalorsSchool
 
Edexcel Biology Notes Produced by Tim Filtness2
Understanding the jargon:1.
 
The 9 Core Practicals are not discussed here.Don’t forget to revise them too!2.
 
All Key Words are given
underlined in red
, theseare words specifically mentioned on the syllabus!3.
 
There are many blue “How Science Works” boxesin the text book. In past years these have almostalways been the basis of a number of examquestions...
 
A word of caution
 These revision notes are designed to help you, NOT do the job of revisionfor you. Ultimately, only you can learn this material: you can’t pay, cajoleor persuade anyone to do it for you! Additionally, these notes are the
barebones
(your text book and class notes are almost certainly better sourcesof information if you’re aiming for the highest grades). So treat thesenotes as a minimalist approach for someone aiming for a solid B grade. Atthis point you might want to get your own notes to cross-reference withthe material here. Why not add your own annotations to improve what’salready here?
 
Edexcel Biology Notes Produced by Tim Filtness3
Unit 4Unit 4Unit 4Unit 4:::: The Natural Environment The Natural Environment The Natural Environment The Natural Environment &&&& Species SurvivalSpecies SurvivalSpecies SurvivalSpecies Survival
Topic 5: On the Wild Side
4.5.2.
The key point is that the Grana are covered in
photosystems
, whichabsorb light. It is important, therefore, that the grana have as biga surface area as possible.
4.5.3.
C
6
H
12
O
6
 
The energy required to combineThese elements comes from
ATP
 
 Edexcel A2 Revision Notes
 
Stroma
: site of light-independent step of p/s
Grana
: site of light-dependentstep of p/s
Envelope
: (made from twolayers of membrane), containsATP Synthase enzymes
 
Oxygen comes from CO
2
 (remember, the O fromphotolysis is excreted!)C comes from CO
2
 
H comes from reducedNADP (and, therefore,ultimately from water).
 

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