Familiarize yourself with these terms
- Air Volume in cubic feet per minute.
- Velocity of Air in feet per minute.
- Static Pressure. This is expressed in inches water gauge. It is resistance to air acalled "resistance", "friction", "friction loss", or "pressure loss."
- Velocity Pressure: expressed in inches water gauge. It is kinetic pressure in theat rest to flow at a given velocity.
It is best to do the following calculations
you purchase your Dust Collector or the necessaryDuct Velocity (FPM)A.Proper Size of DuctB.Total CFM RequiredC.System Resistance (SP)D.
Use the chart below to determine the velocity of your system.A.
Type of DustVelocity in BranchesVelocity in Main
Metalworking Dust4500 FPM4000 FPMWoodworking Dust4000 FPM3500 FPMOther Light Dust4000 FPM3500 FPM
Determine the size of each branch
There are several ways to determine the diameter of the branches.B.If the machine has a factory installed collar, the manufacturer has determined that thenormal circumstances.1.If the machine has a metric diameter outlet, convert it into inches, and round off to theparts list you may need to order a custom reducer.2.If the outlet is rectangular you need to determine the equivalent round diameter. Whe3.If the branch is smaller than 3" diameter plan using a reducer near the machinery to ifor 3 "(195 CFM).4.Determine CFM requirements for each branch. Under the proper velocity note the CFM of euse 4000 FPM in branches ( see above - A) Duct Velocity ).
Determine Diameter of Main Duct
C.Determine which machines are your
machines. A primary machine is the matime under the worst conditions. (If you normally operate two machines, but once a wthe same time, then you must size your system for all three machines.) We generallydrawing.1.Sizing the Main Trunk Line. When sizing the main truck line start with the primary maRun that size duct until the next primary branch enters the main. Increase the main si
of the two primaries. You will follow this practice all the way to the collecto2.
Dust Collection System Design - Air Handling Systems