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Duct System Designing

Duct System Designing

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Published by adun_k
Duct design
Duct design

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Published by: adun_k on Jun 05, 2011
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06/01/2013

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Dust Collection System Design
Dust collection design can be complicated, here are a few simply steps to designing an effective anhave simplified the dust collection system design process for smaller shops, it is important to knowand regulations enforced by AHJ (Authorities Having Jurisdiction) governing sales, construction, inssystems.Air Handling Systems by Manufacturers Service Co., Inc. cannot guarantee compliance, and cannoinstalled or used. Before purchase and use of a Product, please review the Product application, natisure that the Product, dust collection design, installation, and use will be in compliance.Download our Air Handling Design Guide. We can also offer youTips on Installing your Air H1. Download our Take off list for Quotesto ease the process of quoting. Simply fill in qu800-438-7135.
Download our CFM Requirements and Proper Branch Diameter Sizesguide to view pdiameter sizes.
Follow these written directions
:Before you start designing your Air Handling System you need a floor plan of your shop area2.Location of dust producing machines: indicate size & location of dust pick ups on eac1.Desired location of dust collector unit.2.Floor to joist measurement.3.Any obstructions that would interfere with the run of the duct.4. 
1-800-367-3828
Frequently Asked QuestionsCustom ManufacturingTechnical Data
Learn About AirHandling Systems
 
Design a Dust SysteInstall a Dust SystemSystems in Action
Design a DustCollection Sys
Dust Collection System Design - Air Handling Systems
 
Familiarize yourself with these terms
:3.
CFM
- Air Volume in cubic feet per minute.
FPM
- Velocity of Air in feet per minute.
SP
- Static Pressure. This is expressed in inches water gauge. It is resistance to air acalled "resistance", "friction", "friction loss", or "pressure loss."
VP
- Velocity Pressure: expressed in inches water gauge. It is kinetic pressure in theat rest to flow at a given velocity.
Calculations
It is best to do the following calculations
before 
you purchase your Dust Collector or the necessaryDuct Velocity (FPM)A.Proper Size of DuctB.Total CFM RequiredC.System Resistance (SP)D.
Duct Velocity
 Use the chart below to determine the velocity of your system.A.
Type of DustVelocity in BranchesVelocity in Main
Metalworking Dust4500 FPM4000 FPMWoodworking Dust4000 FPM3500 FPMOther Light Dust4000 FPM3500 FPM
Determine the size of each branch
 There are several ways to determine the diameter of the branches.B.If the machine has a factory installed collar, the manufacturer has determined that thenormal circumstances.1.If the machine has a metric diameter outlet, convert it into inches, and round off to theparts list you may need to order a custom reducer.2.If the outlet is rectangular you need to determine the equivalent round diameter. Whe3.If the branch is smaller than 3" diameter plan using a reducer near the machinery to ifor 3 "(195 CFM).4.Determine CFM requirements for each branch. Under the proper velocity note the CFM of euse 4000 FPM in branches ( see above - A) Duct Velocity ).
Determine Diameter of Main Duct
 C.Determine which machines are your 
primary
machines. A primary machine is the matime under the worst conditions. (If you normally operate two machines, but once a wthe same time, then you must size your system for all three machines.) We generallydrawing.1.Sizing the Main Trunk Line. When sizing the main truck line start with the primary maRun that size duct until the next primary branch enters the main. Increase the main si
CFM total
of the two primaries. You will follow this practice all the way to the collecto2.
Dust Collection System Design - Air Handling Systems
 
accommodate total CFM of all primaries at that point. Do not increase main duct sizeenters. Your total CFM requirement is the total of all primary branches. When not usiblastgate and divert suction to a secondary machine.
Example:
 
You have 3 primary machines. You have already assigned the branch diamete
Table Saw, Lathe4" DiameteRadial Saw5" Diamete A 4" branch will be run from the Table Saw until it joins with the 4" branch from the Layou need to increase the pipe to handle the combined CFM (350+350 = 700). Using tthe appropriate velocity (3500 FPM in the main for wood dust), then look at the corresthe main from the Lathe until the branch of the Radial Saw joins the main.Here again you need to increase your main to handle the total CFM (700+550=1250that 1250 CFM is slightly more than volume for 8" diameter. Drop back to 8" diameter Run the 8" duct in your main from the Radial Saw to your Dust Collector.If you are installing an indoor re-circulating dust collector you need not calculate anyductwork to the exhaust side of your duct collector it is accepted practice to use a ducexhaust side than on the inlet side, thus minimizing exhaust and duct resistance.
Charts
 CFM requirements for diameter at specified velocity
Static Pressure based on 100' of Pipe
Elbow to Straight Pipe Conversion
Figure System Resistance (SP)
 The total static pressure is several factors added together. They are entry loss, dirty filter losduct, static pressure of the main duct, and static pressure of the return duct.D.There are more complicated ways to figure the entry loss of your system, but we findgauge. (Use 1" as a constant.)1.If your system has filters, add in 2" loss. (If you do not have filters add zero).2.The Worst Branch, is the branch with the greatest resistance. The branch with the gr diameter with the most lineal footage of pipe elbows. Static pressure of worst branchusing the following Chart 2. Chart 2 is based on 100 feet of pipe; therefore, you havepipe.To convert 90° and 45° elbows to equivalent feet of pipe use our Elbow to Straight Pifeet of pipe count lateral type branches as 45° elbows. Flexhose has a lot of resistancincluded in the installation. For this reason we suggest you keep hose to a minimum.worst branch by 3 for equivalent length of straight pipe.
Example: Determine Static Pressure of Worst Branch
 Static Pressure (Inches of Water Gauge) in Worst Branch (4" Table Saw)3.
Description - 4" DiameterEquivalent to Straight Pipe
Straight Pipe20'2 - 90° elbows12'2 - 45° elbows6'5' flexhose (3x)15'
Dust Collection System Design - Air Handling Systems

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