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Medical Surgical Nursing:Eye Disorder.

Medical Surgical Nursing:Eye Disorder.

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Published by Tesfa Dejenie

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Published by: Tesfa Dejenie on Jun 05, 2011
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06/03/2014

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Eye DisorderPrepared by Tesfa D.(B.Sc. in Nursing)
1
Debre Brehan UniversitySchool of Health ScienceProgram of NursingMedical-Surgical Nursing II
 
R
eview of Anatomy &Physiology of the eye
 
2
€
The eye is the organ of vision which is located in a coneshaped cavity known as the orbit.
€
It is highly specialized & complex structure.
€
It
receives & sends
visual data to the cerebral cortex forinterpreting visual images.
€
Seven cranial nerves
have connections to the eyes. Theseare;
€
F
or vision ²CN II.
€
Eye movement ²CN III, IV & VI.
€
Papillary reaction ²CN III.
€
Eyelid elevation ²CN III.
€
Eyelid closure ²CN VII.
 
Cont«d
3
B
rain stem connections permit coordinated eye movement.
The eye ball is situated in the
bony socket or orbit.
The eye ball is protected by: -
€
O
rbit.
€
Eyelids (Upper & lower).
Nerves & blood vessels
that supply nutrients & transmitimpulses to the brain are also present with in the orbit.
Organized
bands of muscles
are attached to the externaleye ball.

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