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Report on the Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico - BP

Report on the Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico - BP

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Published by Kurshid Iqbal

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Published by: Kurshid Iqbal on Jun 05, 2011
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06/05/2011

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Imperial Institute of Higher Education
 
REPORT ONBRITISH PETROLIUMOIL SPIL IN THE GULF OF MEXICO
20
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Imperial Institute of Higher Education
 Acknowledgements
 
I Wish to Extend my Sincere Appreciation to;
 
‡
 
Mr. Trevor Mendis,
my International Business lecturer,for being my guiding lightand providing me with necessary support and for inspiring me to carry out thisassignment.
 
‡
 
All
individuals
who volunteered to contribute their opinions and thoughts to the project.
‡
 
A
dministration staff 
of IIHE for rending their support.
 
‡
 
T
o all
my friends
who contributed in numerous ways in helping me throughout myassignment.
 
 
 
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Imperial Institute of Higher Education
 To : Director General ± United NationsFrom : Chief Executive Officer ± Environmental
A
uthoritySubject: Oil Spill in the Gulf of MexicoDate : 22
nd
May 2011
After years of drilling the earliest oil wells are in shallow waters near the coast, drilling hadmade the wells more depleted instigating Multi National¶s (MNC¶s) to drill in deeper waters.However the consequences of drilling into deep water are very much detrimental onecological terms.
T
he challenges are such that it could increase the pressure eventuallyincreasing the temperature thus could result in the metals to be stressed out.
T
he oil industry is craftingstate of the art technologically in terms of advanced equipment totackle these issues, but the fact that comes to light is such that it is practically impossible toequip with an answerfor every new problem that may arise through simulations.Detail research and findings have shown various opinions on ³what really happened?´ whichcan be argued in many ways. But the findings derived showedthat the
T
ransocean, under contract with British Petroleum (BP), was attempting to drill a new well, not too far fromexisting wells in a deep water area of the Gulf of Mexico.
T
hewell was almost completed;the oil well gave the impression that it was out of danger for a possible blow out since thecasing were well protected by cement and the arrangements were also made to get the pipeline installed.Seemingly, a pressure heavehad taken placethat could not be controlled.
T
hegearhad includedall kinds of alarms and controls, and a massive 475 ton device named a blowout preventer,still for all it was not possible to control the hydrocarbon flow. It should also be stated that atsuch high pressures, the natural gas had separated the oil inside the hydrocarbon stream andhad triggered it to an explosion. Some of the experts suggest that the strength of the pipes (to

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