(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 9, No. 5, May 2011
A Novel Model for Synchronization and Positioning by using Neural Networks
Hossein Ghayoumi Zadeh*, Siamak Janianpour and Javad Haddadnia
Department of Electrical EngineeringSabzevar Tarbiat Moallem UniversitySabzevar, Khorasan Razavi, IranEmail: firstname.lastname@example.org*
In this paper by using a Low Noise Amplifier (LNA), asynchronization and positioning system is designed. Parametersthat cause the system to be far from ideal condition such asS-Parameters, Noise Figure, IIP3, and Gain are considered thatis one of the advantages of this system. In this stage this process isa little slow so by adding the neural network to the system thespeed of synchronization is increased. By using the neuralnetwork the time needed to calculate the time difference of arrival (TDOA) is significantly decreases.
Keywords-component; Global Positioning System, Low-noiseamplifiers, Neural networks.
The TDOA approximation has so many differentapplications such as communication, electronic war andmedical engineering. Following some of these applications will be discussed. One of the most important applications of TDOAis in positioning of the transmitters. Nowadays radar and sonar systems are widely used with many different military or nonmilitary applications and their importance in security problems are so that they are parts of the strategic system of each country so to protect the radars; the usage of the passiveradar is become popular, increasingly. Although in thesetype of radars the basic principle of the radars are dominant butthe transmitter of the radar is omitted from the system and byomitting the transmitter the receiver will become hidden fromthe sight of the enemies. The place of transmitter is one of themost important parameters that assign the duties of the radar.Another application of TDOA is in measurement andcontrolling the coolant current of the atomic reactors. Also itcan be used to localize the position of brain that controls thesimultaneity of the activities in epileptic patients. Further it isused in global positioning system (GPS), recently. Contrary toother methods, this system will not affect the normal operationof the satellites, because the time delay is calculated passively.Also there is no need to carry extra hardware in spaceships andthis will reduce the cost of this procedure.By calculating the received uplink signal TDOA using threeor four satellite on earth orbit, the position of the transmitterscan be localized. When the transmitter is located on the earth,three satellites and when the elevation of the transmitter is notknown, four satellites are needed to localize the position of thetransmitters. So in the passive systems, approximation of thedelay time between the signals receive time from two differentsensors plays a significant role in measurement of the distanceand direction of the transmitters. When a signal is emitted intothe environment from transmitter, it spreads with a specificspeed, so two receivers with different distance from thetransmitter, sense the signal with a time delay. If S(t) is theemitted signal from transmitter and assume that there is justone way for signal transmission, then the signals first willreceive to the nearest receiver and with a delay to the nextreceiver, the delay time is shown with D. So the goal is tomeasure this delay and approximation of this delay has asignificant role in synchronization and positioning process .II.
The controll system is shown in fig. 1. In this circuit theLNA model is used in S-parameters block. In this block thevalues of S-parameters, Noise Figure and IIP3 are changeable.In this circuit the Gaussian Signal is used as input(Fig. 2). Also the white noise is applied to the signal andconsidered as a non ideal factor.
Figure 1. Controlling system designed for Synchronization