AUGMENTED REALITY FOR MUSEUMARTIFACTS VISUALIZATION
EDMUND NG GIAP WENGCentre of Excellence for Semantic Technology andAugmented Reality, Faculty of Cognitive Sciences andHuman Development, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak firstname.lastname@example.orgLINA CHAI HSIAO PINGCentre of Excellence for Semantic Technology andAugmented Reality, Faculty of Cognitive Sciences andHuman Development, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak BEHRANG PARHIZKARFaculty of Information & Communication Technology,LIMKOKWING UniversityCyberjaya, Selangor, Malaysiahani.email@example.com
ARASH HABIBI LASHKARIFaculty of Information & Communication Technology,LIMKOKWING UniversityCyberjaya, Selangor, Malaysiaa.firstname.lastname@example.org
Recently, advances in computer graphics andinteractive techniques have increased the visual quality andfield of Augmented Reality (AR) applications. Research intoindoor exhibition systems associated with the use of ARtechnologies is getting general. This project describes an ARbased system for overlaying computer generatedinformation on the real world where museum artifacts aredigitized in this project and superimposed in real scene.Furthermore, this project also presents the information of the artifacts in virtual form. 3D models are created andrendered in an AR environment providing an opportunity formuseum visitors to visualize virtual artifacts in the contextof other contextual information.
An artifact is any object made or modified by a humanbeing which contain the information about the culture of itscreator and users, and later discovered by archaeologist.According to Digital Artifact (2008), the artifact maychange over time in what it represents, how it appears andhow and why it is used as the culture changes over time.Examples include stone tools such as projectile points,monument, pottery vessels, metal objects such as buttons orguns, and items of personal adornment such as jewellery andclothing. Other examples include bone that show signs of human modification, fire cracked rocks from a hearth orplant material used for food. Artifacts can come from anyarchaeological context or source such as:
Buried along with a body (grave goods).
From any feature such as a midden or other domesticsetting
Votive offeringsBesides cultural artifacts, there is also other form of artifacts.Digital artifacts is another type of artifacts which are visiblydefected in a digital photo or video picture that specificallycaused by the digital encoding (Digital Artifacts, 2008).Recently virtual artifacts pop out as a new alternative forartifact. Virtual artifact is an object that not physicallyexisting in real environment but present in digitalenvironment, for example the Internet, virtual reality,cyberspace and augmented reality. The term "virtualartifact" has been used in a variety of ways in scientific andpublic discourse (Virtual Artifact, 2008). Previously it hasreferred to objects of different nature such as images,models, prototypes, computer animation or virtual booksthat exist in digital environments. Nowadays virtual artifactextends their role to different field such as museum artifactsexhibition where real world artifacts are modeled orreconstruct in a digital environment.Museum is a place where the collections of cultural heritageis protected and exhibited. It also provides betterunderstanding of history. According to the definition of International Council of Museums, a museum is a non-profitmaking and permanent institution that is open to the public.It also acquiring, protecting, researching, communicatingand exhibiting cultural heritage for purposes of study,education and enjoyment (Museum, 2008).Some recent surveys in Europe show that about 35% of museums have already started developments with someform of 3D presentation of objects (Tsapatori, 2003). Rapiddevelopment of technology results in facing the newparadigm of museum. The challenges of museum such asextended types and quantity of materials require rethinkingconventional concept of museum. Even though newtechnologies are changing the museum environmentgradually, it still keeps its role and purpose as its functionsare exhibition, communication research and conservation.One of the benefits of the advance technology for museumis it provide a tremendous way to exhibits museum artifacts.Besides conventional display in the gallery, Virtual Reality(VR) and Augmented Reality (AR) technology offer newpossibilities where the artifacts are digitized to several formsso call virtual artifacts and augmented artifacts. VirtualReality is a user interface technology that allows users to
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 9, No. 5, May 2011174http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500