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Baillie, Hilton-Taylor & Stuart. 2004. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species a Global Species Assessment

Baillie, Hilton-Taylor & Stuart. 2004. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species a Global Species Assessment

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Published by: Ariadne Fares Sabbag on Jun 05, 2011
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2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™
 A Global Species Assessment
The IUCN Species Survival Commission
Edited byJonathan E.M. Baillie, Craig Hilton-Taylor and Simon N. Stuart
IUCN – The World Conservation Union brings together States, government agencies anda diverse range of non-governmental organizations in a unique global partnership – over1,000 members in some 140 countries. As a Union, IUCN seeks to influence, encourageand assist societies throughout the world to conserve the integrity and diversity of natureand to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable.IUCN builds on the strengths of its members, networks, and partners to build globalalliances which safeguard natural resources at local, regional and global levels. Web:www.iucn.orgThe Species Survival Commission (SSC), created in 1949, is the largest of IUCN’s sixvolunteer commissions. With 8,000 scientists, field researchers, government officials andconservation leaders worldwide, the SSC membership is an unmatched source ofinformation about biodiversity conservation. SSC members provide technical andscientific advice to conservation activities throughout the world and to governments,international conventions and conservation organizations. They provide the best availableinformation critical to the development of conservation products and tools such as theIUCN Red List of Threatened Species. SSC works primarily through its 120 SpecialistGroups, which focus on a wide range of plants and animals, or on issues such as invasivespecies and sustainable use of wildlife. Web: www.iucn.org/themes/ssc
IUCN Publications Services Unit
219c Huntingdon RoadCambridge, CB3 0DL, UKTel:+ 44 1223 277894Fax:+ 44 1223 277175E-mail: info@books.iucn.orgwww.iucn.org/bookstore
The IUCN Species Programme
Rue Mauverney 28CH-1196 GlandSwitzerlandTel:+ 41 22 999 0000Fax:+ 41 22 999 0015E-mail: ssc@iucn.orgwww.iucn.org/themes/ssc
 0  0 I   U CNR e d i   s t   of   e a t   en e d  S  p e ci   e s
 Gl   o b  al   S  p e ci   e s s s e s sm en t  
This publication is an analysis of all the species (and their supporting documentation)listedinthe
2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
™. The full list of species in the
isavailable as an on-line searchable database accessible via the World WideWebat:
For further information about the IUCN/SSC Red List Programme contact:IUCN Red List Programme Office219c Huntingdon Road, Cambridge CB3 0DL, UK Tel: +44 1223 277966, Fax: +44 1223 277845E-mail: redlist@ssc-uk.orgFor photo captions, see the inside of the back cover.
 Front cover photographs
Amphibians are one of nature’s best indicators of overall environmental health, and their precipitous decline serves as awarning that we are in a period of significant environmental degradation. For example, the decline of the
 Atelopus varius
(Critically Endangered) in Costa Rica and Panama has been dramatic. It has disappeared fromsuitable habitats, and the cause of its decline is possibly a result of the fungal disease, chytridiomycosis, the incidence of which could be related to extreme climatic events, in particular drought. Photo: © Robert Puschendorf.
Plants are the basis for life on Earth as we know it, giving us a breathable atmosphere, making food from sunlight, and  providing structure for homes and habitats. But many of the world’s plants are under threat. The
Cucumber Tree
 Dendrosicyos socotrana
(Vulnerable) is an unusual threatened endemic from the island archipelago of Soqotra, Yemen.Photo: © Anthony G. Miller.
The molluscs top the list of animals with the greatest numbers of recorded extinctions. These small creatures arevulnerable to extinction as they often have extremely limited ranges, move very short distances during their life and arehence sensitive to any disturbances. An example of a restricted range species is the
Dlinza Forest Pinwheel
Trachycystis clifdeni
(Critically Endangered) confined to a small forest patch in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.Photo: © Dai G. Herbert.
There is a widespread perception that marine species are more resilient to extinction. However, there is a growing bodyof scientific evidence that shows that marine species are just as, if not even more, vulnerable to extinction as terrestrialand freshwater species. The
Nassau Grouper
 Epinephelus striatus
(Endangered) found widely across the Caribbean, isfished commercially and recreationally. Its population has declined by approximately 60% over the last 30 years.Photo: © John E. Randall.
The number of threatened birds on the Red List continues to rise. The honeycreeper (Drepanididae) family endemic toHawaii, USA, is particularly at risk with 13 of the 34 known species listed as Extinct and 18 as threatened, as a result of the impacts of invasive alien species. The
 Loxioides bailleui
(Endangered) is one of these threatened honeycreepers. Photo: © Jack Jeffrey Photography.
The current status of the world’s mammal species is undergoing review through the Global Mammal Assessment project. Many new mammal species have been described in recent years that now require assessment. These includenew species of lemur from Madagascar. Of the 33 lemurs assessed, 20 are listed as threatened, including
Verreaux’sSifaka Lemur
 Propithecus verreauxi
(Vulnerable), due to habitat loss and hunting. Photo: © Troy Inman.
2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™
 A Global Species Assessment
The IUCN Species Survival Commission
Edited byJonathan E.M. Baillie, Craig Hilton-Taylor and Simon N. Stuart

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