This publication is an analysis of all the species (and their supporting documentation)listedinthe
2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
™. The full list of species in the
isavailable as an on-line searchable database accessible via the World WideWebat:
For further information about the IUCN/SSC Red List Programme contact:IUCN Red List Programme Office219c Huntingdon Road, Cambridge CB3 0DL, UK Tel: +44 1223 277966, Fax: +44 1223 277845E-mail: email@example.comFor photo captions, see the inside of the back cover.
Front cover photographs
Amphibians are one of nature’s best indicators of overall environmental health, and their precipitous decline serves as awarning that we are in a period of significant environmental degradation. For example, the decline of the
(Critically Endangered) in Costa Rica and Panama has been dramatic. It has disappeared fromsuitable habitats, and the cause of its decline is possibly a result of the fungal disease, chytridiomycosis, the incidence of which could be related to extreme climatic events, in particular drought. Photo: © Robert Puschendorf.
Plants are the basis for life on Earth as we know it, giving us a breathable atmosphere, making food from sunlight, and providing structure for homes and habitats. But many of the world’s plants are under threat. The
(Vulnerable) is an unusual threatened endemic from the island archipelago of Soqotra, Yemen.Photo: © Anthony G. Miller.
The molluscs top the list of animals with the greatest numbers of recorded extinctions. These small creatures arevulnerable to extinction as they often have extremely limited ranges, move very short distances during their life and arehence sensitive to any disturbances. An example of a restricted range species is the
Dlinza Forest Pinwheel
(Critically Endangered) confined to a small forest patch in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.Photo: © Dai G. Herbert.
There is a widespread perception that marine species are more resilient to extinction. However, there is a growing bodyof scientific evidence that shows that marine species are just as, if not even more, vulnerable to extinction as terrestrialand freshwater species. The
(Endangered) found widely across the Caribbean, isfished commercially and recreationally. Its population has declined by approximately 60% over the last 30 years.Photo: © John E. Randall.
The number of threatened birds on the Red List continues to rise. The honeycreeper (Drepanididae) family endemic toHawaii, USA, is particularly at risk with 13 of the 34 known species listed as Extinct and 18 as threatened, as a result of the impacts of invasive alien species. The
(Endangered) is one of these threatened honeycreepers. Photo: © Jack Jeffrey Photography.
The current status of the world’s mammal species is undergoing review through the Global Mammal Assessment project. Many new mammal species have been described in recent years that now require assessment. These includenew species of lemur from Madagascar. Of the 33 lemurs assessed, 20 are listed as threatened, including
(Vulnerable), due to habitat loss and hunting. Photo: © Troy Inman.