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FrankLaRue

FrankLaRue

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Rapport van Frank La Rue
Rapport van Frank La Rue

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Published by: Sebastiaan van der Lubben on Jun 06, 2011
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02/13/2013

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GE.11-
13201
 
Human Rights Council
 
Seventeenth session
 Agenda item 3
Promotion and protection of all human rights, civil,political, economic, social and cultural rights,including the right to development
 
Report of the Special Rapporteur on thepromotion and protection of the right to freedomof opinion and expression, Frank La Rue
*
 
Summary
This report explores key trends and challenges to the right of all individuals to seek,receive and impart information and ideas of all kinds through the Internet. The SpecialRapporteur underscores the unique and transformative nature of the Internet not only toenable individuals to exercise their right to freedom of opinion and expression, but also arange of other human rights, and to promote the progress of society as a whole. Chapter IIIof the report underlines the applicability of international human rights norms and standardson the right to freedom of opinion and expression to the Internet as a communicationmedium, and sets out the exceptional circumstances under which the dissemination of certain types of information may be restricted. Chapters IV and V address two dimensionsof Internet access respectively: (a) access to content; and (b) access to the physical andtechnical infrastructure required to access the Internet in the first place. More specifically,chapter IV outlines some of the ways in which States are increasingly censoringinformation online, namely through: arbitrary blocking or filtering of content;criminalization of legitimate expression; imposition of intermediary liability; disconnectingusers from Internet access, including on the basis of intellectual property rights law; cyber-attacks; and inadequate protection of the right to privacy and data protection. Chapter Vaddresses the issue of universal access to the Internet. The Special Rapporteur intends toexplore this topic further in his future report to the General Assembly. Chapter VI containsthe Special Rapporteur’s conclusions and recommendations concerning the main subjectsof the report.* Late submission.
United Nations
A
 /HRC/17/27 
General Assembly
Distr.: General16 May 2011Original: English
 
A/HRC/17/272
The first addendum to the report comprises a summary of communications sent bythe Special Rapporteur between 20 March 2010 and 31 March 2011, and the repliesreceived from Governments. The second and third addenda contain the findings of theSpecial Rapporteur’s missions to the Republic of Korea and Mexico respectively.
 
A/HRC/17/273
 
Contents
Paragraphs Page
 I. Introduction............................................................................................................. 1–3 4II. Activities of the Special Rapporteur....................................................................... 4–18 5A. Communications............................................................................................. 4 5B. Participation in meetings and seminars........................................................... 5–10 5C. Country visits.................................................................................................. 11–18 5III. General principles on the right to freedom of opinion and expression andthe Internet ............................................................................................................. 19–27 6IV. Restriction of content on the Internet...................................................................... 28–59 9A. Arbitrary blocking or filtering of content....................................................... 29–32 9B. Criminalization of legitimate expression........................................................ 33–37 10C. Imposition of intermediary liability................................................................ 38–48 11D. Disconnecting users from Internet access, including on the basis of violations of intellectual property rights law.................................................. 49–50 14E. Cyber-attacks.................................................................................................. 51–52 14F. Inadequate protection of the right to privacy and data protection................... 53–59 15V. Access to the Internet and the necessary infrastructure........................................... 60–66 16VI. Conclusions and recommendations......................................................................... 67–88 19A. Restriction of content on the Internet
.............................................................
69–84 19B. Access to the Internet and the necessary infrastructure ................................. 85–88 22

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