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Troubleshooting and Repair of Small Household Appliances and Power Tools

Troubleshooting and Repair of Small Household Appliances and Power Tools

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Published by Al Crosby

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Published by: Al Crosby on Jun 07, 2011
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02/13/2013

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Notes on the Troubleshooting and Repair of Small Household Appliances and Power Tools
Version 2.77 (13-Jan-06)
Copyright ©1996-2006Samuel M. Goldwasser--- All Rights Reserved ---For contact info, please see theSci.Electronics.Repair FAQ Email Links Page.Reproduction of this document in whole or in part is permitted if both of thefollowing conditions are satisfied:1.This notice is included in its entirety at the beginning.2.There is no charge except to cover the costs of copying.
Table of Contents
Preface 
Author and Copyright 
DISCLAIMER 
Introduction 
Where do you keep your dead appliances? 
Some Tidbits 
Basic Appliance Theory 
What is inside an appliance? 
Basic electrical principles 
Voltage, current, and resistance 
Ohm's Law 
DC and AC 
Series and parallel circuits 
On-line educational resources 
Appliance Troubleshooting 
SAFETY 
Safety myths 
Safety guidelines 
Should I unplug appliances when not in use? 
Troubleshooting tips 
Basic hand tools 
Soldering techniques 
Desoldering techniques 
Soldering pins in plastic connectors 
Solderless connectors 
 
Page 1 of 239Notes on the Troubleshooting and Repair of Small Household Appliances and Power ...10/04/2006http://www.repairfaq.org/sam/appfaq.htm
 
Wire stripping 
Attaching wires to screw terminals 
Test equipment 
Getting inside consumer electronic equipment 
Getting built up dust and dirt out of a equipment 
Lubrication of appliances and electronic equipment 
Common appliance problems 
Types of Parts Found in Small Appliances 
So many, so few 
Cordsets - wire and plug 
When a cordset is more than a cord and plug 
Appliance cord gets hot 
Extension cords 
Extension cord repair 
Determining the location of a break in an extension cord 
Internal wiring - cables and connectors 
Switches - power, mode, or speed selection 
About mercury wall switches 
Comments on mercury poisoning 
Relays - electrically activated switches for power or control 
Contact configurations 
Electrical overload protection devices - fuses and circuit breakers 
Fuse postmortem 
Fuse or circuit breaker replacement 
Thermal protection devices - thermal fuses and thermal switches 
Comments on importance of thermal fuses and protectors 
More on thermal fuses 
Controls 1 - adjustable thermostats and humidistats 
What is hysteresis? 
Controls 2 - rheostats and potentiometers 
Interlocks - prevent operation with case or door open 
Light bulbs - incandescent and fluorescent 
Indicators - incandescent or neon light bulbs or LEDs 
Heating elements - NiChrome coils or ribbon, Calrod, Quartz 
Repair of broken heating elements 
Solenoids - small and large 
Small electronic components - resistors, capacitors, diodes 
Transformers - low voltage, high voltage 
Motors - universal, induction, DC, timing 
Fans and Blowers - bladed or centrifugal 
Bearings and bushings 
Mechanical controllers - timing motors and cam switches 
Electronic controllers - simple delay or microprocessor based 
Batteries - Alkaline, Lithium, Nickel-Cadmium, Lead-Acid 
AC adapters and chargers - wall 'warts' with AC or DC outputs 
AC Line and Battery Powered Household Appliances 
Table lamps 
Rebuilding a basic table lamp 
Lamps with night-light bulbs in their base 
What causes a lamp to flicker? 
High intensity lamps 
Halogen lamps and fixtures 
Safety guidelines for use of halogen lamps 
 
Page 2 of 239Notes on the Troubleshooting and Repair of Small Household Appliances and Power ...10/04/2006http://www.repairfaq.org/sam/appfaq.htm
 
Bad connections in halogen lamps 
Touch lamp problems 
Touch lamps and RF interference 
Incandescent fixtures 
Removing the base of a broken light bulb 
Locating burnt out bulbs in series circuits 
Comments on Christmas tree bulb/string repair 
Shortening a Christmas light string 
Controlling a fixture or outlet from multiple locations 
UK translation for 3-way and 4-way wiring 
Identifying unmarked wiring or improperly functioning 3-way switch 
Dimmer switches and light dimmers 
Typical dimmer schematics 
Simplest dimmer schematic 
3-way dimmer schematics 
Simple 3-way dimmer schematic 1 
Simple 3-way dimmer schematic 2 
True (electronic) 3-way (or more) dimmers 
Independent dimming from two locations - kludge #3251 
Humming or buzzing lamps or fixtures on dimmers 
How do touch dimmers work? 
Light dimmers and interference with radio or TV 
Dimmer wall plate hot to touch 
Can I use a dimmer to control transformer operated low voltage lighting? 
Causes of dimmer failure 
Flashlights and lanterns 
Typical rechargeable flashlight schematics 
First Alert Series 50 rechargeable flashlight schematic 
Black & Decker Spotlighter Type 2 rechargeable flashlight 
Brand Unknown (Made in China) rechargeable flashlight schematic 
Solar Powered Walk Light 
Makeup mirrors 
Chandeliers 
Overhead (and other basic slide) projectors 
Portable fans and blowers 
Computer power supply (and other) fans 
Piezo fans 
Speed control of DC fans 
Speed control of small AC fans 
Ceiling fans 
Lubricating ceiling fans 
Variable speed ceiling fan on normal circuit 
Throbbing noise from ceiling fan 
Ceiling fan motor speed control and capacitor replacement 
Mike's notes on ceiling fan installation 
Ceiling fan construction 
Air cleaners 
Electronic air cleaner high voltage module schematic 
Auto air purifier schematic 
Bug zappers 
Electric fences 
Appliance and light timers 
Warnings about using compact fluorescent lamps on electronic timers 
Wall thermostats 
Testing a thermostat 
 
Page 3 of 239Notes on the Troubleshooting and Repair of Small Household Appliances and Power ...10/04/2006http://www.repairfaq.org/sam/appfaq.htm

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