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A2 physics Practicals 56873256-Practical-1-Momentum-and-momentum-conservation-–-large-trolleys

A2 physics Practicals 56873256-Practical-1-Momentum-and-momentum-conservation-–-large-trolleys

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Published by Sachitra Wijethunga

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Published by: Sachitra Wijethunga on Jun 07, 2011
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05/12/2014

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Practical 1
Momentum and momentum conservation – largetrolleys
Figure 1: Arrangement of large trolleys to investigate momentum and momentum conservation
Experimental instructions
Set up the apparatus as shown in the diagram with fve slotted masses fxed onto trolley A.Compensate or riction by tilting the runway slightly. Check by giving one trolley a smallpush and confrming that it runs down the runway with constant speed.Soten the Plasticene
®
and stick it to the ront o one o the trolleys. Fix the drawing pin tothe ront o the other trolley with the adhesive tape, so it is acing out rom the trolley asshown. Put the two light gates quite close together. This is to minimise the eects o rictionas the trolleys collide.Set the interace unit to record the speed o trolley A beore the collision and the speed o thetwo trolleys (A and B joined together) ater the collision.Put trolley A at one end o the runway and trolley B just beore light gate 2.Give trolley A a push (not too large) so that it runs down the track, cutting through the lightbeam o light gate 1 and colliding with, and sticking to, trolley B. The two trolleys will nowtravel on, the mask on trolley A cutting through the light beam o light gate 2.Repeat the experiment or diering initial speeds and trolley masses. Do not allow thetrolleys to all o the bench.
light gate 1light gate 2trolley Atrolley BPlasticene
®
•Plasticene®•Drawingpin•Adhesivetape•MeansoftiltingtherunwayYouwillneed:•Twotrolleys•Twolightgatesandsuitableinterface•Eight100gslottedmasses•WoodenrunwayTheaimofthisexperimentistostudymomentumanditsconservationinaninelasticcollision.
Purpose
Lift the large wooden runway with care.Set up the experiment away from the edges ofthe bench so that the trolleys do not fall off.
 
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