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Timeline of Significant Events in Modern Iranian History

Timeline of Significant Events in Modern Iranian History

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Published by americaabroad
America Abroad Media’s educational modules contain unique multimedia materials, providing students with access to academics, artists, historians, politicians, and policy makers who share their expertise in their own words in both radio and television interviews.
America Abroad Media’s educational modules contain unique multimedia materials, providing students with access to academics, artists, historians, politicians, and policy makers who share their expertise in their own words in both radio and television interviews.

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: americaabroad on Jun 07, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/18/2012

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 T
IMELINE
 
OF
S
IGNIFICANT
E
VENTS
 
IN
M
ODERN
I
RANIAN
 H
ISTORY
 
1906
– Iran elects its first representative assembly(
majles
) in an effort to create the foundations for aconstitutional monarchy and to enumerate personalrights and freedoms.
1907
– Britain and Russia sign an entente, dividing Iraninto three spheres: a British sphere; a Russian sphere;and a neutral sphere.
1908
– Oil is discovered in Iran.
1908
– Muhammad Ali Shah carries out a coup d’etatagainst the
Majles
, successfully consolidating controlover most of the country.
1910
– The Shah abdicates and is replaced by his son,Ahmad Shah. The Grand
Majles
is elected anddemocratizes the electoral system.
1919
– The Anglo-Persian Treaty is signed, turning Iraninto a British protectorate.
1921
– Reza Khan carries out a coup d’etat anddeclares martial law, though he leaves Ahmad Shah inplace.
1926
– Reza Khan is coronated and becomes RezaShah, replacing Ahmad Shah. He is credited withcreating Iran’s first effective centralized government.
1927
– Reza Shah ends the capitulations that hadgranted foreign governments commercial privileges inIran.
1934
– Reza Shah decrees that Persia will be known as
 
Iran, emphasizing a connection with the ancient Aryans.
1941
– Britain and the Soviet Union invade Iran, alliedwith the Axis powers, and orchestrate the abdication of Reza Shah. 
1951
– Prime Minister Muhammad Mossadeqnationalizes the Iranian oil industry.
1953
– Britain and the United States, in conjunctionwith Mohammed Reza Shah, orchestrate a coup andpush Mossadeq from power.
1963
– Mohammed Reza Shah launches the WhiteRevolution, instituting land reform; changes in socialpolicies (promoting literacy, advancing women’s rights);and economic expansion. While making someadvances, the Revolution raises but does not meetIranians’ expectations.
1978
– Mohammed Reza Shah declares martial lawafter a series of massive protests in cities throughoutthe country.
1979, February
– Khomeini’s Islamic revolution forcesthe Shah from power.
1979, November
– After the deposed Shah enters theUnited States for cancer treatment, a group of Iranianstudents storms the US embassy in Tehran and holdsthe staff hostage for 444 days.
1980
– Iraq invades Iran, launching the 8-year Iran-Iraqwar.
1981
– Khameini, the future Supreme Leader, iselected president.
1983
– Iran successfully expels Iraqi forces and invades
 
Iraq in turn.
1988
– The Iran-Iraq war ends.
1989
– Khamenei is elected Supreme Leader afterKhomeini dies; Rafsanjani is elected President, works torepair damage of the 8-year war with Iraq.
1997
– Khatami is elected President in a landslide,promising greater economic, political, and socialfreedoms.
2000
– In parliamentary elections, Khatami’ssupporters win control of the
Majles
for the first time.
2005
– Ahmadinejad is elected President, promising anend to corruption and quick economic improvements.
2006
– The International Atomic Energy Agencysubmits a report on Iran’s nuclear activities to theUnited Nations Security Council, ultimately leading tothe imposition of sanctions against Iran later in theyear.
2009
– Following presidential elections in June, in whichAhmadinejad claims a strong victory, waves of protesters flow into the streets and are suppressed bythe government. This timeline was created with information from BBC News,Ervand Abrahamian’s
 A History of Modern Iran
, and Nikki R.Keddie’s
Modern Iran: Roots and Results of Revolution
 A History of Modern Iran
. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, 2008.

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