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muslim politics in india by c.k.abdul azeez,ex leader pdp malayalam

muslim politics in india by c.k.abdul azeez,ex leader pdp malayalam

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Published by kannadiparamba
a review of muslim politics in india by c.k.abdul azeez,ex leader pdp malayalam
a review of muslim politics in india by c.k.abdul azeez,ex leader pdp malayalam

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Published by: kannadiparamba on Jun 07, 2011
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06/19/2015

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apkvenw cmjv{SobØn\v tZiob ImgvN∏mSp≠mhWw 
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kn≤m¥sØbpw {]tbmKsØbpw `qcn]£˛\yq\]£ t`Z hnNmctØmsS ho£n°p∂Xv icnbs√¶nepw, `c-W-h¿Kß-fpsS hwi-˛-aX-˛- PmXn ]£-]m-Xn-Xzßsf bmZr-OnI{]Xn-`m-kßsf∂ XcØn¬ A{][m-\ambn ImWp∂Xns\ A]ISIcambHcp Nn¥-m-co-Xn-bm-bn-Xs∂ hne-bn-cp- tØ-≠Xp≠v. C¥y-bnse atXXc P-\m[n]Xy Nn¥Icn¬ ]ecpw Cu sX‰mb coXn-bpsS D]m-kIcm-Wv.kzX{¥ C¥ybnse `cWLS\bpw P\m[n-]Xyhpw AXns‚ ÿm]\-ß-fpw `q{]-`p-˛-\m-Sp-hm-gn-Ø-Øn-s‚-bpw PmXnta[mhnXzØns‚bpw kmºØnI ASn-Ø-d-bn-emWv \ne-\n¬°p-∂sX∂ hkvXpXsb-°pdn®v s\lvdpt_m[hm\mbncp∂psh¶nepw atXXccmjv{SobØns‚bpw `cWØns‚bpwCOmi‡n°v atXXc P\m[n]Xysa∂ BibsØ `uXnIi‡nbm°n am‰m-\m-hpsa∂ AXn-cpIS∂ hnizmkwAt±-l-Øn-\p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. F∂m¬s\lvdphns‚ atXXc hnizmkØn\pw\n›bZm¿VyØn\pw tIm¨{Kkn\p≈n¬t]mepw `uXnIi‡nbmbn amdm≥ km-[n-®n-√. C¥y≥ atX-X-c-Xz-Øn-s‚ kph¿W ImeL´sa∂v hntijn∏n-°m-hp∂ s\lvdphns‚ `c-W-Im-e ØvXs∂bmWv kwLv]cnhmdn\vkmw kvIm-cnI t\XrXz ]Zhn \¬Im≥tIm¨{KknemfpIfp≠mbXv. 1949˛¬_m_cn ]≈nbn¬ IS∂pIbdnb ^mjnÃv i‡nIƒ°papºn¬ HmOm\n®p\n∂ apJy-a{¥n-amcpw a{¥n-amcpw D∂-X k¿°m¿ DtZymKÿcpsa√mw \mSphmW-Xpw A°meØp Xs∂. \yq\]£ t£aØn-\pth≠n s\lvdp k¿°m¿ hI-bn-cpØnb kºZv hn`-h-ß-sfm∂pw F-tØ-≠n-S-sØ-ØmsXk¿°m-dptZym-Kÿ-cpsS apkvenw hn-tcm[w ImcWw hgnXncn™pt]mbn F∂v tKm]m¬knwKv Iaoj≥ dnt∏m¿´vsNbvXn´p≠v.]Xnt\gp h¿jsØ s\lvdp `cWØn\vAt±lØns‚ acWtØmsSXnc-»oe hoW kabØv C¥y-bnseIrjn-tbmKy `qkz-Øn¬ ]Ip-Xn-bn-e- [n-Ihpw ]Xn-\©p iXam\w `qkzman-amcpsS ssIIfn-embn-cp∂p. P\m[n-]Xy XØz-ß-fpsS hnØpIƒ apf°m-Øn-SØv atXXcXzw Xms\ Xfn¿°pIbpw ]q°pIbpw sNøpsa∂ {]Xo-£Isf alm¤pXßfmbn BZcnt° ≠Xp≠v. _m_cn akvPnZv XI¿s∂¶nepw atXXcXzw XI¿°s∏´n´n√ F∂vapkvenwIsf hnizkn∏n°m≥ C¥y≥ cmjv{SobØn\vkm[n®Xpw Cu ip`{]Xo£-bpsS KpW-^ew Xs∂. Hcn-°epw h‰mØ Dd-ht]mse Cu {]Xo£Iƒ C¥y≥ cmjv{SobØn¬ Ct∏mgpw DW¿hns‚ C‰p Xp≈n-bmbn \ne\n¬°p∂ps≠¶n¬ AXns‚ {][m\Im-cWw ]m¿e-sa‚dn k{º-Zm-bhpw{]mXn-\n[y P\m-[n-]Xyw hmKvZm\wsNøp∂ A[nImc ]¶mfnØhpamWv.]t£, `cW h¿KßfpsS t`ZhnNmcßsf hf¿Øn hepXm°m\√msX AXns‚ ASn-Ød XI¿°mt\mA[nImcØns‚ D∂X ÿm\ßfn¬\n∂v Ahsb B´nbI‰mt\m C¥y≥]m¿esa‚dn k{ºZmbØn\vCXphsckm[yambn´n√. adn®v, `cWh¿KßfpsS t`ZhnNmcßsfsb∂ t]mse, P\ßfnepw t`ZhnNmc߃ krjvSn°p∂XcØn-ep≈ cmjv{Sob {]hW-XIfpambn kac-ks∏´psIm≠v F√m-Xcwt`Z-hn-Nm-cß-fpsSbpw Hcp s]mXpthZn-bm-bn-´mWv C¥y≥ ]m¿esa‚dn k{ºZmbw AXns‚ ASn-ÿm\ Zu¿_-eyßsf AXnPohn®p t]mcp∂Xv. Cu
\yq\-]£ cmjv{So-b-Øns‚ IW-s°-Sp∏v 
 
Bbn-cØn \m\q‰n ap∏Xv
d_o-D¬ A∆¬ ]Øv
s]mXpth-Zn-bpsS k¥pen-XXzw \ne\n¿Øm-\p≈ Hcp kahm-Iy-amWv hm-kvX-h-Øn¬ C¥y≥ P\m-[n-]-Xy-Øn-s‚ atXXc kn≤m¥w. \yq\]£-߃ {]tXyIn®v apkvenwIƒ Hcp kwLSnX ]£-ambn IS∂psN√p-∂Xv Cus]mXpthZnbpsS k¥penXXzw XI¿°pIbpw kwL¿jmflIamb ÿnXnhntijw kwPmXam°pIbpw sNøpsa∂ ImgvN∏mSmWv\yq\]£˛`qcn]£h¿Ko-b-XbpsS ]ckv]c ]qcI kz`m-h-sØ-°p-dn-®p≈ atX-Xc cmjv{SobImgvN∏mSnep≈Sßnbn´p≈Xv.
AI‰n\n¿Ø¬ X{¥w
aX\yq\]£ßsf `cWØn¬\n∂pw cmjv{So-b-Øn¬\n∂pw AI-‰n-\n¿ØpI F∂ A{]Jym]nX cmjv{Sob ]≤-Xn-bmWv atXXcXz-Øns‚ t]cn¬ C¥ybn¬ {]tbmKØn¬ hcpØnbXv. ]m¿esa‚dncoXn aXm-flI kwL¿jßfm¬ Zp¿_eamhcpsX∂ kZpt±iyw tIm¨{Kkv cmjv{SobØn\ps≠¶nepw `cW-h¿K Xm¬]cy-ßfpsS AXn-cpIƒ ewLn-°m\p≈ COm-i-‡n-bpsS ]n≥_ew Cu kZpt±iy-Øn\ns√∂¿Yw. lnµph¿KobXtbmSvk‘nbpw kachpw \SØp∂ Hcp co-Xn-bmWv kzmX{¥y kacImew apX¬°vtIm¨{Kkv Ahew_n®p t]mcp∂Xv. lnµph¿KobXtbmSv t\cn-´p≈Hcp cmjv{Sob ka-c-Øn\v A∂pwC∂pw tIm¨{Kkv cmjv{Sobw Ai‡amWv. ]Icw, AXmXv Imeßfn¬A[n-Imcw \ne\n¿Øp∂-Xn\pw sXc-s™Sp∏p Pbn°p∂Xn\pw Bhiyamb hn[Øn¬ h¿Kob i‡nIsf Iq´p]nSn®pw XΩneSn∏n®pamWv tIm¨{Kkv apt∂m´p t]mbXv. ]©m_nse AImen cmjv{So-b-tØmSv tIm¨{KkvkzoIcn® kao-]\w t\m°pI. ]©m-_nIfpsS kmºØnI˛cmjv{Sob {]iv\߃°v C¥y≥ s^Ud¬ kwhn[m\Øns‚ ]cn[n°p≈n¬\n∂psIm≠v]cnlmcamhiys∏Sp∂ 1971˛se l¿hnµ¿ kml_v{]tabsØ A∂sØ {][m-\-a{¥n Cµn-cm-Km‘n Ah-KWn®pX≈pIbm-Wp≠m-b-Xv. F∂m¬ '77˛se P\Xm ]m¿´n `cW-Øn-s\Xnsc]©m_nIfpsS AklnjvWpXsb Jen-ÿm≥ hmZ-ambn hf¿Øn-s°m-≠p hcp∂Xn¬ _n{µ≥hme°v Xmßpw XWepw \¬In-bXpw tIm¨{Kkv X-s∂. P\Xm `cWØn\v A©ph¿jwXnI-°m-\m-bn-√. Jen-ÿm≥ hmZwtIm¨{Kkns\ Xncn™pIpØpIbpwkph¿W t£{XØn¬ k¿°m-dns‚Hm]tdj≥ ªqÃmdn\p tijw CµncmKm‘nbpsS Poh≥ Xs∂ A]lcn°pIbpw sNbvXp. Cµn-cm-Km-‘n-bpsSc≠m-aq-g-Øn\v tIm-¨-{K-kn-s\m∏w\n∂Xv B¿.Fkv.Fkv BWv. ASnb¥-cm-hÿ ImeØv B¿.-F-kv.-F-kns\ B™Sn® tIm¨{Kkv Xs∂,A[n-Im-c-Øn¬ Xncn-s®-Øm≥kwLv]cnhmdns\ B{ibn°p∂XmWv]n∂oSv I≠Xv.
apkvenw cmjv{SobwN¿®sNøs∏Sp∂p
A[n-Imc ]¶m-fnØaS-°-ap≈cmjv{Sob {]iv\ßsf kwLSnXambnA`n-kw-t_m-[\ sNøm≥ sI¬]p≈i-‡n-Iƒ C¥y-bnse ]e kwÿm-\-ßfnepw Db¿∂phcm≥ XpSßnbtXmsSbmWv apkvenw cmjv{Sobw tZiobcmjv{SobØns‚ apJy[mcbn¬ N¿®sNøs∏´p XpSßnbXv. A[nImc ]¶mfnØsØ kw_‘n®p≈ apkvenw {]iv\ßsf a‰p a¿±nX hn`m-Kß-fpsSkmaqlnI˛cmjv{Sob {]iv\ßfpsS ka{KXbn¬ ho£n-°p∂ ]pXnb cm-jv-{Sob ]cn-t{]£yw Ah-X-cn-∏n-®psIm-≠v 1993˛¬ A_vZp∂mkn¿ aAvZ\nbpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ tIcfØn¬ cq]wsIm≠ ]o∏nƒkv sUtam{Im‰nIv]m¿´nbpw aX-]-fin-X-\mb aAvZ\n-bpsScm-jv{Sob {]h¿Ø-\hpw hnhmZ hnjbambXvCXn\pZmlcWamWv. ]n∂oSvC¥ybnse ]e kwÿm\ßfnepw CØcw Iq´mbvaIƒ°p≈ {iaw \S°pIbpw Ahbn¬ Nne ]m¿´nIƒ°v sXcs™Sp∏n¬ henb t\´ßfp≠m°m≥ km[n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-´p-≠v. ap-kv- enw cmjv{SobØns‚ aq∂mwXeapdsb∂v hntijn∏n°mhp∂ Cu apt∂‰ßƒ ]m¿esa‚dn k{ºZm-b-Øns‚ km-[yXIsf IqSpX¬ hnIkzcam°nØo¿Øn-´ps≠-∂Xv X¿°a‰ Imcy-am-Wv.h¿Ko-b-Xsb adn-IS°m≥ Cu apt∂‰ßƒ°v km[yambn´ps≠∂Xv AXns\°mƒ {]m[m\ya¿ln°p∂ cmjv{Sob t\´amWv. apkvenwIfpsS kwLSnXapt∂-‰-ß-tfm-Sp≈ atX-Xc hmZ-Øn-s‚ kao-]\ßsf KpW-]c-ambn kzm-[o-\n-°m≥ apkvenw cmjv{So-b-Øns‚Cu `mham‰wsIm≠v km[yamhpsa∂vXs∂bmWv {]Xo£n-t°≠Xv. apkv-enw h¿KobX thc‰pt]mbn F∂√ CXn-\¿Yw. apkvenw-Isf h¿Ko-b-h-XvI- cn-°p∂ LS-I-ßsf Ai-‡-am-°m≥Cu apt∂‰ßƒ°vkm[n®n´ps≠∂XvXo¿®-bm-Wv. tIc-f-Ønse apkvenwkaqlØns‚ ASnØ´n¬ cmjv{Sobm[nImc {]iv\w Hcp hnhmZhnjbamhp∂XvHcp]t£ ]n.Un.]nbpsS Bhn¿`mhØn\v tijamWv. kmaqlnI \oXnbnepw kmºØnI \oXnbnepw tI{µoI-cn-®p-sIm-≠mWv apkvenw-Iƒ C∂vcmjv{Sobw N¿®s°Sp°p∂Xv. ]≠nXmbncp∂n√ ÿnXn. C¥y≥ `cWLS\bpsS 29, 30 JfinI-I-ƒ- C¥y≥apkvenwIfpsS h¿Øam\hpw `mhnbpamsW∂ \ne]mSmbncp∂p apºp≠mbncp∂Xv. aX˛kmwkvImcnI {]iv\ßf√msX apkvenwIƒ°v as‰m∂pw N¿®sNøm\ns√∂ A[xÿnXmhÿ°n∂vAdpXnh∂n-cn-°p-∂p. C¥y-sb-t]m-ep≈ _lpaX P\m[n]Xy kaqlßfn¬ apkvenw kzXzw cmjv{Sobh¬°cn°s∏tS≠Xns‚ BhiyIX hfscsshInbmsW-¶nepw Xncn-®-dn-bm≥apkvenw-Iƒ°v km[n-®p-sh-∂m-WnXvshfns∏SpØp∂Xv.F¨]XpIfpsS A¥ytØmsStZiob cmjv{So-b-Øns‚ _e-X-{¥-sØ Xs∂ am‰nadn®psIm≠vAh¿Wcmjv{Sobw i‡nbm¿Pn®Xpw 1989˛ses]mXp sXcs™-Sp∏nepw DØ¿{]tZ
P\m-[n-]Xy hyh-ÿ-°p-≈n¬ A[n-h-kn-°p∂ apkvenw-I-fpsS cmjv{Sob hnNm-c߃ ]finX kaql-hpambn \nc¥cw kwhmZß-fm-hiys∏Sp∂p≠v. {]tXyIn®pw P\m[n]Xyhpw apkvenwIfpw XΩnep≈ kwL¿j-߃ {]Xy-b-im-kv{X-X-e-Øn¬\n∂pw {]mtbm-Kn-I- amb G‰pap´epIfpsS Hcp ImeL´ØneqsS IS∂ps]mbvs°m-≠ncn°p∂ C∂sØ ImeL´Øn¬. Pam-AsØ Ckvem-anbpsS ]pXnb Im¬sh∏pIƒ°v C¥y≥ apkv enwIfpsS Bfl\njv T kml  Ncyw i‡am°p∂Xn¬ Imcyam{X{]k‡amb kw`mh\b¿∏n°m≥ km[n°psa∂p Xs∂bmWv {]Xo-£nt°-≠Xv.
 
c≠m-bn-c-Øn-sbmºXv
am¿®v Ggvv
inse \nbak`m sXcs™Sp∏nepw Ah¿W cmjv{Sob i‡nIƒ ssIhcn®t\´ßfpamWv apkvenwIfpsS cmjv{Sob hnNm-csØ ]cn-Wm-tam-∑pJ-am°n-Øo¿Ø-Xv. bYm¿Y-Øn¬ 1989˛se P-\XmZƒ k¿°mdns\ A[nImcØnseØn°p∂Xnepw bp.]nbnse _n.Fkv.]n˛Fkv.]n Iq´psI´ns\ A[nImcØnseØn°p∂Xnepw apkvenwIfpsS cmjv{Sob CS-s]-S-ep-Iƒ henb ]¶p-h-ln-®n-´p-≠v. apem-bw-knw-Kns‚ kam-Pv-hmZn°pw I≥jndmans‚ _lpP≥ kamPvhmZn°pw apkvenw ]n¥pWbpd∏m°m\mbXns‚ ^eambn´mWvbp.]nbn¬ tIm¨{Kkns‚ ASn-Ød XI¿∂Xv. {_m“W ]n¥pW _n.sP.]n t\Snsb-Sp-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. Fkv.-]n-˛-_n.-Fkv.]n _‘w sshcp[yØnte°v\oßn-b-tXmsS apkvenw-I-fpsS kPohkm∂n[yw Ccp Iq´cpsSbpw \ne\n¬]n\v AXy¥mt]£nXambnØo¿∂p.apkvenw kaq-l-Øns‚ ta¬ X´n-s\-bpw IogvØ´ns\bpw cmjv{Sobambn k{In-b-am-°m≥ Fkv.]n˛_n.-F-kv.]nsshcp-[y-߃°v Ign-™p. B ssh-cp[yw ZfnXv˛]n∂m°˛\yq\]£ Iq´mbvasb XI¿°pIb√ adn®v, c≠v Xeß-fn-embn AXv i‡n-s∏-Sp-I-bm-Wp-≠mbXv. AXns‚ cmjv{Sob Pb]cmPbßtf°mtfsd bp.]nbnepw KwKmkaXekwÿm\ßfnemsIbpw P\m[n]Xy cmjv{SobØn\pw InSa’c߃°pw Ah¿Ko-b-amb Hcp kmaq-lnI]cnkcw \n¿an°p∂Xnte°v hfcm\p≈ {]h-W-X-Iƒ AXv {]Z¿in-∏n-®n-cp∂p. Cu kmlN-cysØ GXphnt[\bpw XI¿°pI F∂ cmjv{Sob e£ytØmsSbmWv _m_cn akvPnZv [zwk\w Actßdp∂Xv. P\m[n]Xy cmjv-{SobØns‚ kmaqlnI ]cnkcw Ah¿Kobambn ]p\¿\n¿an°s∏Sp∂Xns\_n.sP.]n am{Xa√, tIm¨{Kkv cm-jv-{Sobhpw B]¬°cambn´mWv ho£n®-Xv. _m_cn akvPn-Zns‚ XI¿®°vtIm¨{Kkv Ifsamcp°ns°mSp°m≥ImcWaXmWv.h¿Kob {[pho-I-cWw krjvSn-°m\p≈ tIm¨{Kkv˛_n.sP.]n ]≤Xn Xm¬°m-enI hnPbwIs≠-¶nepwapkvenwIfn¬ h¿Kob hnImcw IpØnsh°p∂Xn¬ Cu KqV]≤Xn hnPbwI≠n-√. tIm¨{Kkpw _n.sP.]nbpwDt±in®Xn\vt\¿hn]coXamb {]XnIcWamWv apkvenwIfn¬\n∂p≠mbXv.A[nImc ]¶mfnØØns‚ {]iv\Øn\v Hcp ^mjnÃv hncp≤ ImgvN-∏m-Sp≠mth≠XvA\nhmcyamsWNn¥mKXn _m_cn [zwk\Øn\v tijw i‡n{]m]n®psh∂v am{Xa√, tIm¨{Kkv cmjv{So-b-Øns‚ atXXc kz`m-hØnep≈ A‘hnizmkw apkvenwIƒDt]£n°pIbpw sNbvXp. `cWh¿Kß-fpsS t`Z-hn-Nm-c-ß-fpambn kac-k-s∏-´psIm≠v ^mjnÃv cmjv{So-b-Øn-s‚ apt∂-‰sØ sNdp°m≥ km[y-as√∂ Nn¥m-KXn ]m¿esa‚dn acym-Z-IfpsS koaIƒ ewLn°m≥ XpSßnbImeL´Øn¬ AXns\ \nb{¥W hnt[bam°m≥ apkvenwIƒ°vkm[n®Xv]pXnb cmjv{Sob {]hWXIfpsS ]cnWnX ^eambn´mWv.
{]mtZinIh¬°cn°s∏Sp∂A[n-Imc ]¶m-fnØw
A[n-Imc ]¶m-fn-ØsØ Hcp{]mtZinI {]iv\ambn ImWp∂ {]mtZinIh¬°cW {]hW-XbmWv N¿®sNøs∏tS≠ as‰mcp hnjbw. ]m¿esa‚- n-s\-b√, \nb-a-k-`-I-sf-bmWv ap- kvenw cmjv{Sobw s]mXphn¬ D∂wsh°p∂Xv. apkvenw eoKns‚ ImcywXs∂t\m°pI. ae_m-dnse apkvenw `qcn-]£ {]tZißfmWv eoKns‚ GIm{i-bw. bp.Un.F-^nse c≠mw I£n-bmb apkvenw-eo-Kn\v tIc-f-Ønseapkvenw {]mXn-\n-[y-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-\Øn¬ \ymbambpw \mev ]m¿esa‚nko‰p-Iƒ Bh-iy-s∏-Sm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv.AXmhiys∏Sm≥ eoKvk∂≤a√. bp.Un.F^vAXn\v Xbmdmhptam F∂Xvc≠m-asØ Imcy-am-Wv. eoKv tamU¬{]mtZinIh¬°cWw ]pXnb {]ÿm\ßsfbpw _m[n-®n-´p≠v. tZiob cm-jv{Sob ImgvN-∏mSv Ah-X-cn-∏n-®p-sIm-≠p cwK-Øp-h∂ ]n.-Un.-]nbpw sF.-F≥.F√pw tIcfØn¬ Npcpßnt∏mbXv CXpsIm≠mWv.C¥y≥ s^Uden-k-Øn¬ cm-jv{Sob A[nImcw \nb{¥n°s∏Sp∂Xpw hn`hm[nImcØns‚ P\m[n]Xy]camb hntI{µoIcWØn\mhiyamb\nba \n¿am-W-߃ \S°p∂Xpw ]m-¿esa‚nem-Wv. \nehn-ep≈ ]m¿esa‚dn LS\bpw \ntbm-PI afießfnse apkvenwIfpsS {]mXn\n[ykz`mhhpw ]cn-tim-[n®m¬ apkvenw-Iƒ°v]m¿esa‚n¬ A¿lamb {]mXn\n[ywt\SnsbSp°m\p≈ hgn ZpjvIcamWv.apkvenw cmjv{So-b-Øns‚ {]mtZ-in-I-h¬°cWw t{]m’mln∏n°p∂ {]apJ LSIamWnXv. kapZmb߃°p≈nse h¿Kcq]oIcWhpw ta¬X´pImcn¬ AXp≠m-°p∂ A[n-Im-chm-RvO-bpsS AXn-{]-k-c-hpamWv {]mtZ-in-I-ambn A[n-Imc ]¶m-fnØw Icÿam-°m\p≈ {]hWXIsf Du¿PnXam°p∂ as‰mcp LSIw. A[n-Imc ]¶mfn-Øapd∏n°msX `cWØns‚ KpWt`m‡m-°-fm-Im≥ C¥y≥ P\m-[n-]-Xy-Øn-¬ km[yX Ipd-hm-Wv. ]m¿kn,ssP\ kapZmbßfpsS P\kwJym apc-Sn-∏ns\ DZm-l-cn-®p-sIm≠v ssat\m-dn‰n Iaoj≥ (1983) Cu hkvXpXbpsSKuchw hniZam°nbn´p≠v.
apkvenw cmjv{So-bØns‚ tI{µ-hn-j-b-am-th-≠Xv 
GXp hnt[\bpw A[nImc ]¶mfnØap-d-∏n-°p-I-sb∂ AP-≠-bpsS ASn-ÿm\ØnemtWm apkvenw cmjv{SobØns‚ tZiob ImgvN-∏m-Sn\v cq]w-\-¬tI≠Xv F∂ kzm`mhnIamb tNmZyw ChnsS Db¿∂phcp∂p≠v. {]mtZin-Itam tZiobtam Bb A[n-Imcan-√m-bvabn¬ \n∂√ apkvenw cmjv{SobØns‚ auenI {]tabw Db¿∂ph-tc-≠XvF∂mWXn\p DØcw. `cWh¿KßfpsS t`ZhnNmcßfpsS ]cnWnX^eambn P\ß-fn¬ Hcphn-`mKw A[n-Imchpw AhImihpan√mØhcmbn A[x-ÿn-X-cm-°-s∏-Sp∂ hyh-ÿ-I-fn¬ apkvenwIƒ F¥psNøWsa∂XmWvapkvenw cmjv{So-b-Øns‚ tI{µ-hn-j- bw. hyhÿ GXmbmepw \n¿ZnjvShyhÿIfn¬ a\ptjym¬IrjvSXbp
kºZv hyhÿ-bnse apXem-fnØ hnIk\ {]hWXIsf AXns‚ sshtZ-inI bP-am-\-∑m-cpsS Xm¬]-cy-ß-fn¬\n∂pw tamNn∏n°pIbpw P\m[n]Xy hf¿®bn¬ cmPyØns‚bpw P\-ß-fpsSbpw Xm¬]cy-߃ kwc£n°-s∏ SpIbpw sNtø≠Xv ASnb-¥c {]m[m\ya¿ln°p∂p.

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