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Calculus and Analytical Geometry in 2D and 3D Preview

# Calculus and Analytical Geometry in 2D and 3D Preview

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+2 level course in Mathematics in ICSE, CBSE, state councils in India and equivalent courses abroad
+2 level course in Mathematics in ICSE, CBSE, state councils in India and equivalent courses abroad

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02/25/2013

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Part I : The Sword And The Shield
Section 1: Identity, Division, Symmetry, Set Theory, Logic,Numbers and Functions

Chapter 1
:
Identity, Division & SymmetryPages 1 to 19Topics
: Identity, Division, Symmetry, Difficulty identification1, Example inSolving Quadratic Equations3, Cubic Equation5, Summation Of Series6,Constants, Principle of equivalence11, Conservation Laws, Invariants11, Fixed Points, Breaking Symmetry to get the roots etc.18
Chapter 2
:
Set Theory, Relations, Functions etc.Pages 1 to 27Topics
: Set Theory1,
1
, Examples of sets, null set,indexed set,complement, Universal set etc.,Infinite sets3, Set Operations4,Venn Diagrams7, De Morgan’s Theorems8,Power set 12, Relations12,Mappings13, Binary relations13, Binary Operations14, Operationtables14,Commutative, associative, distributive properties, Identity and inverseelements, Reflexive, symmetric , transitive Relations, Equivalence Relations15, Partitions15, Equivalence Classes15,21,Countability18
, Euler’s Circle20
, Algebraic structures on sets, such as
groups
, vector spaces, topologicalspaces,
metric spaces
25.
Chapter 3
:
Symbolic Logic, Mathematical Logic, and Logical gatesPages 1 to 52Topics
:
Boolean Algebra
for making algebra for set theory and logic1,
Symbolic Logic
, Statements, Conjunction, Disjunction, negation,contradiction, tautology etc compared to null set, complement, Universal setetc.2, , Duality in Boolean Algebra and symbolic logic7, Contradictionstatements6, Compound statements4,Truth value of logical statements andTruth tables 13,Premises, conclusion, Arguments, validity of argument22,De Morgan’s laws in symbolic logic17, Bi-conditional statements20, Booleanexpressions and functions26, Arrow Diagram28, Input-output tables29,Signals and
logical gates
31, AND gate, OR gate, NOT gate, NAND gate,NOR gate, XOR gate, XNOR gate, Equivalent circuits37, Combinatorial
1
The less prominent and unusual topics are marked in bold.
Page 2 / 681

circuits41, Rules for making them42, Use of Boolean algebra in logical gates44.
Chapter 4
:
The Story Of NumbersPages 1 to 63Topics
: Variable, Constant, Interval1,
Peano’s theory
of natural numbers1,
Principle Of Mathematical Induction
( in two forms)3, Recapitulation of permutation, combination and binomial theorem6, Infinitesimals9, Naturalnumbers, integers, rational numbers, irrational numbers, surds,transcendental numbers, Real numbers, Complex numbers11, Hilbert’snumber32, Scales of Notation, Decimal, binary etc.13,
Why theycall asong or dance as numbers
,17Division by 018, Countability of rationalnumbers19, un-countability of real numbers27, The
Napierian number e22, 23
, examples of transcendental numbers28, a setof measure 029,Gelfond’s theorem31, Cardinal numbers, transfinite sets32, equivalent of sets33, Complex numbers34,Partial order relation, Total order, chains andlattices35, Fundamental Theorem Of Algebra36, Upper bound, lower bound36, Zorn’s lemma or the axiom of choice37, Ordered pair representation of numbers,vectors, quaternions37,Absolute value of a number and
triangleinequality40
,
Continued fractions representing surds and irrationalnumbers43,
Conversion into decimal fractions and vice versa
,
Successiveconvergents,Conversion of series into continued fractions, better approximation of irrational numbers than decimal representation,
Fibonaccinumbers and Golden Ratio59,
their natural occurrence and various simpletheorems.
Chapter 5
:
Functions and Graphs Part IPages 1 to 64Topics
:Functions1, Images and inverse images2, Single valued Mappings3, Cartesian products5, sequences as functions of integers6, Functions asindex or labels6, functions of many variables,independent and dependentvariables , Function of continuous variable7, domain, range Function assingle valued correspondence9, Onto, Into, one-to-one and one-to-one ontofunctions, bijective, injective, surjective,inverse function11, Greatest integer function or step function, or integer function 13, Characteristic function 15,Norm, modulus or distance function 15, fractional part 18, Least integer function or Ceiling function18, , Linear Function23, Algebra of functions18,Composite function, composite operators20, inverse of composite function22, monotonically increasing ( or monotonically decreasing)functions23, 26,permutation group as a function24, Periodic function and period48,maximum and minimum27, exponential and logarithmicfunctions27, Implicitfunctions28, Functions as Expressions29, Rational algebraic functions,Polynomials30, transcendental functions36, Zeroes or roots of a function30,
partial fractions
, Rules of decomposition32,
Function vs operator
39,Linear Operator37, homomorphism, Graphs of functions40, algebraic,trigonometric , hyperbolic functions, Inverse trigonometric and inverse
Page 3 / 681

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