Desi ghee (i.e. clarified butter), if purchased from stores, has TFA too. Unfortunately, mostbrands of desi ghee sold in the stores are adulterated with animal fat as well as vanaspati (sameas Crisco) as per the news reports in some leading Indian dailies that appeared few months back in 2008.The unadulterated desi ghee is without Trans Fat, though it has some naturally occurring transfat which is not harmful.
The oils that are without TFA are peanut oil and olive oil. They do not get hydrogenated.
Without much awareness, we Indians, apart from those who live in India, no matter whichcountries we live in, especially the first generation immigrants, have been using TFA since almost50-60 years which are nothing but Dalda, Vanaspati and Crisco. When Dalda (or Crisco) wasintroduced in India in fifties, people were made to believe that this was a cheaper substitute fordesi ghee and since desi ghee was becoming more and more expensive, the poor and middle classaccepted it with open arms and with big smiles on their faces.
Further, our lives revolve around sweets as we eat sweets all the time.We have several festivals when we eat sweets. Whenever we celebrate any occasion, we eat sweets.
WHAT IS PARTIAL HYDROGENATION?
In the hydrogenation process, vegetable oil such as canola, corn, sunflower, soya, cottonseed orsafflower is reacted under pressure with hydrogen gas at around 250 - 400oF for several hours inthe presence of a catalyst such as nickel or platinum converting liquid oil into semi-solid form atroom temperature to get the butter-looking product which enhances the shelf-life of the fooditems and makes them look and taste better.
Fats and oils that are solid or semi-solid at roomtemperature have advantages for food production. They are more stable and break down less easily underconditions of high temperature heating. In other words, they tolerate higher temperatures withoutcatching fire, so they’re popular in microwave popcorn and deep frying. These properties make thembetter for frying. Products made with these fats also have a longer shelf life than if made with liquid oils.
WHY TO AVOID TRANS FAT?
Trans Fat has ZERO NUTRITIONAL VALUE. IT IS NOT A FOOD ITEM. PERIOD.It is nothing better than an AUTOMOBILE REPAIR LUBRICATING GREASE.You can leave a cube of margarine sitting out for months or years and it will not be touched bymoulds, insects, or rodents. Margarine is a non-food item! It would appear that only humans arefoolish enough to eat it!It cannot be metabolized by the liver. It just sits in our body. It replaces the fat which is thecomponent of the cell membrane and once that happens, the cells lose their flexibility.