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SapHelp-Optimization3

SapHelp-Optimization3

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Published by Hùng Trần Huy
Trần Huy Hùng from Vietnam
Trần Huy Hùng from Vietnam

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Hùng Trần Huy on Jun 08, 2011
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08/01/2013

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Supply Network Planning Run
Use
You can use any of the following planning methods to perform the planning run in Supply NetworkPlanning (SNP):
 
 
 
Supply and Demand PropagationYou can run optimization-based and heuristic-based planning interactively from theinteractive planningdesktopin Supply Network Planning or you can run them in the background. You run supply and demandpropagation in a dedicated planning book in interactive Supply Network Planning.Based on these planning methods, SNP supports special planning processes, such as:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Direct Delivery from Production Plant to Customer For detailed information about the individual planning methods and processes, see the related sections of this documentation.Your individual planning environment influences which planning method would be the most suitable for your requirements. For a comparison of the heuristic and optimization planning methods with Capable-to-Match (see below), seeComparison of the Planning Methods.
See also
Capable-to-Match planning (CTM) is an alternative to the optimization-based or heuristic-based planningmethods from Supply Network Planning. For more information, see theMultilevel Supply and DemandMatchingsection of the SAP APO documentation.
 
Comparison of the Planning Methods
This topic compares the planning methods of Supply Network Planning (SNP), optimization-based planning andheuristic-based planning, as well as the Capable-to-Match (CTM) planning method. For more information, seeOptimization-Based Planning, Heuristic-Based Planningand Capable-to-Match (CTM). We recommend that you use optimization-based planning or CTM planning if one of the following conditionsapplies to you:
Your business environment is subject to strict constraints (for example, you must take into account production capacities, transportation capacities, storage capacities, and/or handling capacities)
You have alternative production locations and sources of supply (locations, production process models, andexternal procurement relationships)
You can decide between early production and late production
You share resources, meaning that multiple products are produced simultaneously on one resourceIf you wish to plan on an infinite basis (meaning that you do not wish to consider capacities) for the medium tolong-term horizon, we recommend that you use heuristic-based planning. If you wish to plan or fulfill demands onthe basis of priorities, we recommend that you use CTM planning.The following table describes the main features of each planning method:
 Business Environment 
AreaHeuristic and CapacityLevelingCapable-to-Match Optimizer
BusinessObjective
 
To create a feasible plan with few bottleneck resourcesTo create a feasible plan by fulfilling the highest priority demand first
To create afeasible planwith minimumcosts
To maximize profitsDemandType Not relevantPrioritized demand anddemand-specific supplystrategiesDemand can beaggregated for threedemand classes or bycustomer locationsCapacity
Heuristic run: Based onthe assumption thatcapacity is infinite(infinite capacity planning)
Capacity leveling: This isFinite capacity planning(taking capacityconstraints into account)or a simulation of infinite planningFinite or infinitecapacity planning

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