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Salvinia

Salvinia

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Published by draculavanhelsing
pest species
pest species

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: draculavanhelsing on Jun 08, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/27/2013

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What are State Alert Weeds?
These are invasive weeds that are not known to be in South Australia, or if present, occur in low numbers in a restricted
area, and are still capable of being eradicated. An Alert Weed would pose a serious threat to the State’s primary industries,
 natural environments or human health if it became established here. All Alert Weeds are declared under the
Natura Resources Management Act 2004: 
their transport and sale are prohibited (Sect. 175 and 177), plants must be destroyed(Sect. 182), and if found on your land their presence must be notified to NRM authorities (Sect. 180)
 –
refer overleaf.
Salvinia
Salvinia molesta 
WHAT IS IT?
A free-floating aquatic, non-floweringfern that grows quickly to form thickfloating mats of vegetation
 
Native to South America, but hasbecome a serious weed in many otherparts of the worldIt is regarded as one of the worst weedsin Australia, and is a Weed of NationalSignificance (WoNS)Also known as: giant salvinia, karibaweed, African pyle, aquariumwatermoss, koi kandy,Synonyms:
Salvinia auriculata 
and
S.cucullata 
WHY IS IT A PROBLEM?
Dense mats form over the water surface,adversely affecting aquatic habitat forfauna, including birds, fish andinvertebratesExcludes light and reduces oxygenlevels leading to water stagnation andpollutionImpedes water flow, restricts stockaccess and provides favourableconditions for the breeding of disease-carrying insectsImpairs the use of waterways forrecreation and transportInterferes with irrigation systemsA safety hazard to people and animalsas mats look like solid walking areasSeptember 2010
Infestation. Kenneth Calcote, MississippDept. of Agric. & Commerce, Bugwood.org.

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