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Afghan Report

Afghan Report

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Published by mark_memmott

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Published by: mark_memmott on Jun 08, 2011
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U
.
S
.
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICEWASHINGTON
:
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing OfficeInternet: bookstore.gpo.govPhone: toll free (866) 512–1800; DC area (202) 512–1800Fax: (202) 512–2104Mail: Stop IDCC, Washington, DC 20402–0001
1
66–591 PDF
COMMITTEE PRINT
 " !
112
TH
C
ONGRESS
 
1st Session
S. P
RT
.
2011
 112–21
EVALUATING U.S. FOREIGN ASSISTANCE TO AFGHANISTAN
 A MAJORITY STAFF REPORT
PREPARED FOR THE USE OF THE
COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONSUNITED STATES SENATE
O
NE
H
UNDRED
T
WELFTH
C
ONGRESS
 
F
IRST
S
ESSION
 
J
UNE
8, 2011
Printed for the use of the Committee on Foreign Relations Available via World Wide Web:http://www.gpoaccess.gov/congress/index.html
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     s     e     n     e     a     g      l     e
 
COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS
JOHN F. KERRY, Massachusetts,
Chairman
BARBARA BOXER, CaliforniaROBERT MENENDEZ, New JerseyBENJAMIN L. CARDIN, MarylandROBERT P. CASEY, J
R
., PennsylvaniaJIM WEBB, VirginiaJEANNE SHAHEEN, New HampshireCHRISTOPHER A. COONS, DelawareRICHARD J. DURBIN, IllinoisTOM UDALL, New MexicoRICHARD G. LUGAR, IndianaBOB CORKER, TennesseeJAMES E. RISCH, IdahoMARCO RUBIO, FloridaJAMES M. INHOFE, OklahomaJIM D
E
MINT, South CarolinaJOHNNY ISAKSON, GeorgiaJOHN BARRASSO, Wyoming MIKE LEE, UtahF
RANK 
G. L
OWENSTEIN
,
Staff Director
ENNETH
 A. M
 YERS
, J
R
.,
 Republican Staff Director
(II)
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CONTENTS
Page
Letter of Transmittal ...............................................................................................vExecutive Summary .................................................................................................1Why Foreign Assistance to Afghanistan Matters .................................................5President Obama’s Foreign Assistance Strategy for Afghanistan .......................6Using Development Dollars to Support COIN ......................................................8COIN Theory and Stabilization .......................................................................8 Agriculture and the Challenges of Stabilization ............................................10Consequences of Stabilization on Local Communities ...................................12The Challenges of Spending U.S. Aid Dollars .......................................................13Political Versus Development Timelines ........................................................14Limited Contractor Oversight .........................................................................15On-Budget Versus Off-Budget Funding ..........................................................18Capacity Building Using Technical Advisors .................................................21Transitioning to Afghan Ownership ...............................................................23Fiscal Sustainability for the Afghan Government .........................................24Case Studies .............................................................................................................25Case Study A: Success of National Programs With Local Buy-in—The Na-tional Solidarity Program and Basic Package of Health Services ...................25Case Study B: Issues of Sustainability—The Performance-Based GovernorsFund ......................................................................................................................28Recommendations ....................................................................................................29 Annex—Academic Literature Review: Development and Counterinsurgency ....31 A 
PPENDIXES
  APPENDIX I: Total U.S. Assistance to Afghanistan by Fiscal Year ...................34 APPENDIX II: USAID Funding by Province in Afghanistan, FY 2009–2010 ....35 APPENDIX III: USAID Funding by Province in Afghanistan, FY 2011 ............36 APPENDIX IV: USAID/Afghanistan: Capacity Development Programs WithGIRoA ....................................................................................................................37 APPENDIX V: Capacity Building Programs in Afghanistan—INCLE ...............38 APPENDIX VI: Letter From Deputy Secretary of State Thomas R. Nidesto Chairman John F. Kerry on June 6, 2011 .....................................................39 APPENDIX VII: Letter From USAID Administrator Rajiv Shah to ChairmanJohn F. Kerry on June 1, 2011 ...........................................................................41
(III)
 
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