hidden deeds of each person as in a mirror: “I have set down the achievements of eachperson in the writings and no one can (hide himself) who is born on the earth, nor(can) his achievement be kept secret. I see everything, as if in a mirror.”
It is noteworthy that it is not just the content of the secrets, but also the manner of initiation into them that demonstrates remarkable similarities between
.H. Odeberg was first to notice that the Enoch-Metatron initiation into the secrets in
recalls the procedure described in
– the patriarch was first initiated byangel(s) and after this by the Lord.
attests to the same two-stepinitiatory procedure when Enoch-Metatron is first initiated by the Prince of Wisdomand the Prince of Understanding and then by the Holy One himself.
In contrast to early Enochic materials which testify to Enoch’s expertise in secretsbut do not employ any titles pertaining to this activity,
48C:7)openly refers to the new title of Enoch-Metatron as the “knower of secrets,”
and I called him by my name, the Lesser YHWH (
), Prince of the Divine Presence(
), and knower of secrets (
). Every secret I have revealed to him in love,every mystery I have made known to him in uprightness.
Another important feature of Metatron’s associations with secrets which differentiatesHekhalot materials from early Enochic testimonies is that Metatron, unlike the earlierEnoch, does not simply know or write down secrets, but embodies them, since someof the most profound mysteries are now literally written on him, or more specificallyon his vestments, including his garments which recall the Deity’s own attire, the
), and Metatron’s glorious crown decorated by the secret letters inscribedby the hand of God.
13) informs us that the Deity wrote onMetatron’s crown with his finger, as with a pen of flame:
the letters by which heaven and earth were created; the letters by which seas and rivers werecreated; the letters by which mountains and hills were created; the letters by which stars andconstellations, lightning and wind, thunder and thunderclaps, snow and hail, hurricane andtempest were created; the letters by whichall the necessities of the world and all the orders
of creation were created.
There is little doubt that the inscriptions on Metatron’s crown pertain to the ultimatesecrets of the universe, i.e., to the mysteries of creation, an esoteric lore alsopossessed by the seventh antediluvian hero in the earlier Enochic and Enmedurankitraditions.
The tradition found in the later Zoharic materials informs us that the
“3 Enoch,” 264.
In contrast to Enochic materials, Enmeduranki’s tradition defines the seventh antediluvian heroas the one guarding the secrets (
) of the great gods. Kvanvig,
Roots of Apocalyptic
“3 Enoch,” 312; Schäfer et al,
Some manuscripts of
use the term “secrets” (
) instead of “orders” (
). SeeAlexander, “3 Enoch,” 266; Schäfer et al.,
Alexander, “3 Enoch,” 265–266; Schäfer et al.,
In his comments on the imagery of Metatron’s crown in
, Joseph Dan observes that“Metatron’s crown, as that of God, is not only a source of light for the worlds, but represents theprincipal power of the one who carries it: creation. The highest stage pictured here states that God