Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Communal Air Raid Shelters

Communal Air Raid Shelters

Ratings: (0)|Views: 27 |Likes:
Published by rlnac
U. S. Office of Civilian Defense
November 1942
U. S. Office of Civilian Defense
November 1942

More info:

Published by: rlnac on Jun 08, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

12/22/2013

pdf

text

original

 
OCD2014
NllftlUbetlllU
COMMUNAL
AIR
RAID
SHELTERS
),
Q.:!il"
\l
f
,\L-
....
~
f~
U.
S.
OFFICE
OF
CIVILIAN
DEFENSE
W
4.hiR"t9JJ.
D.
C.
 
CONTENTS
P
al.a
INTRODUCTION
.
•.••••
••••••
II
I.
THE
AIR
RAID
SHELTER
PROBLEM
..
A.
Basic
Consf"crutlon8
__
___
_
II.
T'JlJCS
01
..
tlr
"aitl
She
lt.e
ri
L
1.
GeneraL
_____________________
2.
Characteristics
of shelte
rs______
a.
Tableshelters
. _____________
b.
Family-type
shelters
_____
__
_
c.
Communalshelt
e
rs
.________
d.
Shelters
in buildings
_____
__
_
C.
Choice
01
Shelte
r
THIICIj
.__ _
1.
Shelt
e
rs
in
existingbuildings
.
__
_
2.
Communalshelters
___________ _
II
.
COMMUNAL
SURFACE
SHELTERS
...
A.
S
ur/a
ce
SheltcrC
I,aru
ct
.
er-
iIItics
__________• _____
__
__
1.
Forces
to
beresisted
. _________ _
2.
Average
protection warranted
__
3.
Aerial
weapons
._____________ _
a.
Hi
gh
explosive
bombs
_____ _
(1)
Blast-
_________________
(2)
Fragments
__
___________
(3)
Earth
shock
____________
b.
Aerial
min
es_______________
Incendiary
bombs
_____
~~
__
_
d.
Antiaircraft
fragments
_____ _
e.
Gas
______________________
II.
St.
r.u
:
tllral
CO
l l l i j i f l f
~
r a t i ( j l l s
:"
1.
P
roperties
of
shelter
construc-
tion
materials
___________
__
_
2.
General
structural
requirements
8.
Design
__
__
_______________ _
b.
FoundatioD.
_______________
c.
Walls____________________ _
d.
Roofs
___________________ _3.C
aution
____________________ _
C.
l'l
a
.u
ting
CO
IJ
s;d,
·
rat
.
'ons
__
1.
Site
selection
_________________2.
Ac
commodation
.
__
___________ _
Pal._
3.
Entran
ces____________________ 4.
Emerg
encyexits
_____________ _
5.
Sanitati
on
. _________. _________
6_
Ventil
ation
_______. ___________7.
Gaspr
oofing__________________
10
8.
L
ighting
_____________________
12
9.
H
eati
ng _____________________
12
10.Misq:l1aneous
considerations_
__
12
III.
SEMIBURIED
COMMUNAL
SHELTERS
.12
A.
S t
,
r ' u
: .
t
.
l l r a '
.
Cfln/ill;flf
~
r,.t'
.
o n / i l l
_
12
II.
I''',nn;ng
Con/ill'd.c
rat
.lon/ill
__
13
IV
.
COST OF
SHELTERS
............
..
13
LIST
OF
FIGURES
1.
Suggestions
for
shelter
sites
___
__
~
__
_ _
2.
Typical entrance
baffle
waIL
_________
3.
Suggested
layouts
forbaffle
walls_____
4.
A
gasp
r
oof
type
door
and
details
______
II
5.
Surface
type
splinterproof shelter
for
25
persons
(reinforced
concrete)
_______
IS
6.
Surface
type
splinterproof
shelter
for
25
persons
(reinforced.
brick
walls)____ _
17
7.
Surface
type
splinterproof
shelter
for 48
persons
(reinforced.
co
ncr
ete,
Scheme
I)
..................
.............
19
8.
Surface
type
splinterproofshelte
rfor48
persons
(reinforced
concrete,
Scheme
II)
...
...........................
21
9.
Surface
type
splinterproof
shelter
for200
persons
(reinforced
concrete)._
_
23
1
0.
Semiburied
type
splint
e
rproofshelter
for
50
persons (corrugated iron)
____
25
LIST
OFTABLES
I.
Minimumventilation
and
space
require
ments
for
shelters
._________________
10
a.
Natural
ventilation
(open
to
out-
side air)____________________
___
10
b.
M
echan
ical
ventilation
_____
~___
___
10
II.
Costsofshelters
_________
____
________
13
 
INTRODUCTION
This
pamphlet
onCommunal
Air
Raid
Shelters
has
Deen
preparedunder
the
direction
of the
ChiefofEngineers,
U.
S.
Army,
and
published
by
the
Office
of
Civilian
Defense.
Earlierpamphlets
onprotectiveconstruction
are:Protective
Construction, (Revised
Edition,
1942).
Glass
and
Glass Substitutes_
Report
of
Bomb Tests
on
Materials
and
Structures.
Air
Raid
Shelters
in
Buildings.
Theterm"communal
air raidshelter,"
as
used
herein,
designates
a
pro
tective
structure
intended
for
construction
out-oC-doors
and
for
groups
of
per
sonslarger
than
individual
families.
Theymaybe
erectedon publicor
privateproperty.
andthe
occupancymay
be either
definitely assigned
to
individuals
and
groups
or
open
tothe
public
in
the
immediate
neighborhood.
This
defini
tion
of the term
is
derived
from
British
usagewhich excludesfrom
the
meaning
of theterm
group
shelters
constructed within
buildings.
This
latter
type of
shelter
is
discussed
in
thepamphlet
entitled
"Air
Raid Sheltersin
Buildings.
"
Theselection
of
shelter
typesis
closely
associated
with
air
raid
shelter
policy.
Nothing
in
this
publicationestablishes
such
policy,
and
the
description
of
communal
shelters
herein
in
no
wayindicates
that
they should
be
selectedto
the
exclusion
of
other
types
or,
indeed,
constructed
at
all.
The
illustrative
designs
arebased
on
the
applicationofestablished
designprincipleswhere possible;
on
knowledge
ofthe
behavior
of
various
structures
under bombing;
on
observations
in
Englandby
representatives
ofthe War
Department;and
on
results
of
tests performed
inE
nglandby
theMinistryofHome
Security
and
in
the
United
States
under
the
direction
of the
Chief
of
Engineers. Although
considerable
data
are
available
on
blast
pressure-timerelations,fragment
ve
l
ocity
and
distribution,
earth
shock
andmovement,
this
pamph
l
et
includes
only
data
or
informationdirectly applicable
to
the
design
ofthe
shelter
types
discussed.
Prepared under
the
d;rect;on
of
th
e
Chief
of
EnAinee
r
s,
U.
S.
Army
,
with
8ullJZestions
of
theCommittee
on
Pau,,,e
Protection
AlZajn
st
BombinJZ
of
th
e
National
Research
Council
andthe
Netionel
Techn%JZicsl
Ci"il
Protection
Commit
toe.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->