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Iranian Naval Forces

Iranian Naval Forces

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Published by: berthakey8407 on Jun 09, 2011
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23mm AAA sites around the reactor complex perimitar with the northern side disecting the overall site. There are fourSkyguard 35mm AAA systems each with two Oerlikon GDF 35mm cannons and multiple single 35mm and 23mm sitesforming a haphazard outer ring.
 
4. Naval Forces
Iranian Military Capability 2011
Open Source Intelligence Project
Independent and objective analysis of current Iranian military capability using open-source non-classifiedinformation. Assessments and views expressed represent those of the authors and are not affiliated with anyspecial interest group or political agenda.
Version 1.0 Jan 2011
 
2
About the Project
The Open Source Intelligence Project 2011 is an attempt to draw together the most salient bits of currently availableOpen Source material to piece together a broad and largely complete analysis of Iranian military capability. Open Sourcerefers to unclassified, public sources.The co-authors and reviewers come from a wide range of backgrounds, including in some cases extensive militaryintelligence experiences and/or relevant specialist knowledge. However, their primary connection is an appreciation andactive participation in the Open Source intelligence scene. All those involved have contributed on an amateur/civilianbasis. Some have requested to remain anonymous, for various reasons, which we must respect.The project was started in April 2010 and took months of writing, research, drafts and revisions to make it into the formyou are reading. We have attempted to provide a single text that will be easy to navigate and digest. However, it is thework of multiple people and this may be apparent in different writing styles and minor formatting differences. Weapologize for this, but believe it is inevitable in this type of undertaking.We hope that you find the document interesting and informative
 –
we are hopeful that there is some information andanalysis which although open source in nature, is fresh and stimulating to even a highly informed reader.
Co-Authors (This Section, no order)
·
 
‘TLAM Strike’ (pseudonym)
 ·
 
Anonymous (1)
Main Reviewer/Contributor (This Section)
·
 
Anonymous (2)·
 
Anonymous (3)
Additional Reviewing Pool (No order)
·
 
Sean O’Connor
 ·
 
Anonymous (4)
·
 
Galan Wright
 
 
3
4. Naval Forces
4.1 Overview
History: Iran's navy has though out its history been considered the most minor of its militarybranches, although it has existed since 500 BC. During the Achaemenid Empire (650-330 BC), theIranian Navy was very powerful. Its operation to invade Greece under Xerxes easily ranks with the
Spanish Armada or Operation Overlord (the “D
-
Day” invasion) in terms of size, sco
pe and preparation.Its defeat at Salamis by the Athenian navy under Themistocles is one of the critical moments in theformation of western culture, although most only know of this battle is from images of storm tossed
ships in the movie “300” about the b
attle of Thermopylae.The modern Iranian Navy has been plagued by a history of poor organization and limited mission scope until the mid20thcentury. Under Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi the Iranian Navy began a modernization campaign drawingequipment from the western powers that resulted in the creation of the top navy in the Region. In 1970 Iran acquiredthe WWII vintage British warship HMS Sluys a modified Battle class destroyer, this ship was recommissioned as theArtemiz. Despite her age this vessel was the most powerful ship operated by any nation in the region, she joined thefour PF-103 class vessels already operated by Iran since the early 1960s. The next year the first Saam class Frigate (latterrenamed Alvand class) joined the Iranian Navy, these were the first high quality vessels to be operated by the Iranians.As built they carried five Italian Sea Killer Anti-Shipping Missiles (ASMs), a British Seacat Surface to Air Missile (SAM)system and a Squid Antisubmarine Warfare (ASW) mortar. As the standards of the time went, these were all advancedweapons. The Saams could easily dominate the Gulf or Sea of Oman and operate well in to the Indian Ocean with itsRefueling At Sea capability.During this time, the United States also begin providing naval weapons to Iran. Two 1950's vintage Tang class submarinewere sold to Iran- USS Trout and USS Wahoo, two more were to follow including USS Tang. Crews for the IINS Koussehand IINS Nahang, as they were to be named, were trained at the US Navy Submarine School at New London,Connecticut. While at the end of their useful lives, these vessels t would still have provided substantial operationaltraining experience for the Iranians. These submarines never left the U.S. Their crews who were led by royalists,abandoned them when the Shah fell. The U.S. also provided even older Gearing and Allen M. Sumner class destroyers atthis time and several Vietnam-era inshore patrol boats.By the late 1970's, the Iranians received a large group of La Combattante-class missile boats armed with the U.S.Harpoon anti-ship missile. Entrusting such a weapon to Iran clearly showed how much the US valued Iran at this time.Four modified Spruance-class destroyers were laid down in U.S. shipyards for Iran, but never delivered. These vessels,which were later called the Kidd-class were to be fitted with the latest weapons systems and were optimized foroperations in the Gulf. These were to serve as escorts for a light aircraft carrier equipped with U.S.-manufactured AV-8BHarrier VTOL attack aircraft. German Type 209 submarines were also to be purchased. The only part of this ocean-goingstrike force that actually made it into Iranian service was the British built replenishment vessel Kharg.When the Shah fell and the current Islamic Republic was created, western support for Iran decreased . The majority of warship transfers were halted; those that were actually transferred were either unarmed auxiliaries or patrol boats with
 
Current Iranian NavyJack 

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