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IDENTIFICATION AND INVENTORY OF NON TIMBER FOREST PRODUCTS (NTFPs) OF MANASLU CONSERVATION AREA

IDENTIFICATION AND INVENTORY OF NON TIMBER FOREST PRODUCTS (NTFPs) OF MANASLU CONSERVATION AREA

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Published by Khilendra Gurung
Non Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) consists of goods of biological origin other than timber or fuelwood derived from forests, other wooded land and trees outside forests (FAO, 1999). NTFPs have been welfare, subsistence or livelihood commodity since long; these are traditional source of food, fiber, medicine, etc. In some rural hilly areas, it contributes up to 50 % of total annual family income. NTFPs sub-sector in Nepal contributes about 5 % of national GDP out of total estimation of about 15 % from the whole forestry sector (almost 1/3). More than 100 types of plant species are harvested from wild and traded to international market mostly to India; 95 % of the NTFPs are collected from the wild and 90 % are exported to India in raw form.
Non Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) consists of goods of biological origin other than timber or fuelwood derived from forests, other wooded land and trees outside forests (FAO, 1999). NTFPs have been welfare, subsistence or livelihood commodity since long; these are traditional source of food, fiber, medicine, etc. In some rural hilly areas, it contributes up to 50 % of total annual family income. NTFPs sub-sector in Nepal contributes about 5 % of national GDP out of total estimation of about 15 % from the whole forestry sector (almost 1/3). More than 100 types of plant species are harvested from wild and traded to international market mostly to India; 95 % of the NTFPs are collected from the wild and 90 % are exported to India in raw form.

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Published by: Khilendra Gurung on Sep 10, 2008
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05/09/2014

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IDENTIFICATION AND INVENTORY OFIDENTIFICATION AND INVENTORY OF NON TIMBER FOREST PRODUCTS (NTFPs)NON TIMBER FOREST PRODUCTS (NTFPs) OF MANASLU CONSERVATION AREAOF MANASLU CONSERVATION AREA
A report submitted to
Manaslu Conservation Area Project (MCAP)/National Trust for Nature Conservation (NTNC)Gorkha
Submitted by
Khilendra GurungDipesh Pyakurel
2006
 
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
We would like to acknowledge Dr. Siddhartha B. Bajracharya, Member Secretary, NTNC for facilitating the field work to Manaslu Conservation Area. We are thankfulto Mr. Narendra Lama, Office in Charge and other staffs of MCAP for their supportand cooperation to carry out this work.We are grateful to Amchis Dorche Thakuri (Prok) and Mingmar Lama (Samagaon) for  providing us the details of their healing practices. Similarly, Jigme Lama (Lama of Pema Chholing Gompa, Samagaun), Tharpa Ghyaljen (Namrung) and Kalen ChhiringLama (Timber and NTFPs trader, Lihi village) for providing us the information on thetrading of NTFPs.We would also like to thank Mr Chhewang Lama (Prok) for assisting us in the fieldtrip to Kalche forest and Kalchuman Tal.Special thank goes to Mr. Megh Nath Bhattarai (Headmaster of Shree Jung PrimarySchool, Lihi village) and Mr. Rudra Prasad Sapkota (Teacher of Lho Primary School,Lho village) for the overall information of the area and assisting in accommodation.Lastly, we would like to thank Mr. Bijaya Gurung (Carpenter, Lho village) and Ms.Laxmi Lama (Hotel Mount Manaslu, Samagaon) for their kind cooperation during thefield work.
Khilendra GurungDipesh Pyakurel
2
 
Table of contents
1. BACKGROUND11.1 Introduction21.2 Objectives21.3 Justification of the study21.4 Limitations of the study32. STUDY AREAS43. METHODOLOGY63.1 Primary data collection63.1.1 Key informant survey and resource mapping63.1.2 Identification of NTFPs63.1.3 Inventory of NTFPs63.1.3a Habitat identification63.1.3b Sampling73.1.4 Documentation of traditional healing system73.2 Secondary data collection73.3 Data processing and analysis73.3.1 Frequency and relative frequency73.3.2 Density and relative density83.3.3 Determination of forest types83.3.4 Prioritization of NTFPs83.3.5 Rapid vulnerability assessment (RVA)94. RESULT104.1 Identification of NTFPs in Nubri valley104.2 Inventory of NTFPs of Nubri valley134.2.1 Prok VDC134.2.2 Lho VDC164.2.3 Samagaon VDC194.3 Prioritization of NTFPs204.3.1 Prok VDC204.3.2 Lho VDC214.3.3 Samagaon VDC224.4 Rapid vulnerability assessment (RVA)234.4.1 Prok VDC234.4.2 Lho VDC234.4.3 Samagaon VDC244.5 Trade of NTFPs in Nubri valley254.6 Marketing and value addition of other NTFPs264.7 Potentialities and opportunities for NTFPs cultivation in Nubri valley274.8 Potential areas of NTFPs available sites in Nubri valley294.9 Documentation of traditional healing system of Nubri valley304.10 Sustainable harvesting practices of NTFPs334.11 Guidelines for sustainable harvesting of NTFPs345. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS365.1 Conclusion365.2 Recommendations37References383

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