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Gender Stratification (Social Studies)

Gender Stratification (Social Studies)

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Published by Yunus Razali

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Yunus Razali on Jun 09, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Gender Stratification:Mommy track, Glass Escalator and Glass Ceiling
This assignment comprises two parts. The first part discusses the concepts of mommy track, glass escalator, and glass ceiling. In so doing, four courses on theimportance of equality among gender will be highlighted. The second part focusedon the ways to diminish the issue of disparity in work place among women.The words ³mommy track´ used for the career path decided by work scheduleoffering mothers certain benefits, such as negotiable working time but regularlyproviding them with fewer opportunities for advancement. Women are discriminatedagainst when the want to have children and society ought to force private enterprisesto make allowances for childbearing. In sociological terms the ³mommy track´ is theaction of employers discouraging women from goals in the work force due to theresponsibilities of being a mother (Curiel 2008, Chuck N. Brandon P). Mothersreturning to work after maternity always find themselves placed on the mommy track.The feeling of guilty is always haunted them when they are going back to the jobafter having children because, not just they will face the prospect of being put on themommy track but also more likely to be left off with the easier and lower pay job.They also feel upset by their busy career-oriented counterparts.The second obstacles that usually faced by the careered women is ³glassceiling´. The situation referred to as a ³ceiling¶¶ because there¶s a restrictionsblocking upward advancement, and ³glass´ which is literally transparent referred tothe limitation that is not immediately noticeable. This obstacle continues to exist eventhough there are no clear barrier keeping women from acquiring a good job position.When there is such discrimination in workplace, they usually use an indirect excuselike spontaneous movement or sounds that upset the women. Mainly, this unseenobstacle seems to happen in more of developing countries. This is the barrier thatkeeps a numbers of women from obtaining and securing the prestigious jobs in theworkforce. These kinds of walls make many women feel as they are not valuableenough to have the high-ranking positions. They also feel as if their employers donot take them seriously or maybe not see them as potential candidates.
The term ³glass escalator´ on the other hand means the hidden advantagesfor men in the female professions. Most studies of sex segregation in the workforceon women¶s experience in male-dominated occupation. However, men are less likelyto enter female-dominated occupations than women are to enter male dominated jobs. The examples of women¶s dominated job are elementary school teaching,nursery and also librarian. In some rural Texas school, they refused to hire men inthe younger grades. Nationwide, about 7.5 percent of all nurses are male (T.Schaefer, 2001). The glass escalator will retain the men from getting a promotionbecause the employer¶s think that the women cab do the certain job way better thanmen. In particular, women in engineering and blue-collar occupations encounter gender-based stereotypes about their competence which undermine their workperformance (Martin1980; Epstein 1988).However, there always ways to diminish the issue of disparity in work placeamong women and other causes such as sexism and racism. In order to lessen theimpact of the mommy track, there are a few steps that can be taken. First of all,women must be fully clear in achieving their goal or in another meaning, they musthave a good plans pertain to maternity leave, make a fine leave plan to themanagement and also planned the date to return. A pregnant working women thatare planning to take leave have to make sure that outstanding projects properlychanged. Learn from others mistake and be prepared even though sometimes thiscan¶t be avoid. It¶s a must for new mother to always have a back up plan if there¶sanything unwanted to happen to their children. It is also important for working mother to keep the line of communications open in order to avoid mommy track. An e-mail or short phone call to the employer and other important people is vital to makeeveryone know that you are still in the game.In the same way, we can also lessen the effect of glass ceiling bycomprehend the significance of identity in minority success. One should study onhow to blend their identity with the realities of workplace. The two most importantthings are self- awareness and self-confidence especially for men who work infemale-dominated workplace. Besides, ensure your prospects are realistic andachievable. Some people will just blame others when they can¶t achieve their expectation and this will make you look not responsible for your action. Even thoughthe biggest contributing factor is biasness, you still need to evaluate how you could

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