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From Husserl to Hofmannsthal

From Husserl to Hofmannsthal

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Published by Yi-chul Kim

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Published by: Yi-chul Kim on Jun 10, 2011
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 Letter to Hofmannsthal
Edmund Husserl
Göttingen, January 12th, 1907  Hoher Weg 7 
Dar Hrr von Homannhal,You hav old m how dcul l  or youbcau o a conanly wllng ood o lr.Bu nc you gracd m wh uch an xqug, I mu hank you nonhl. You havo bar h conqunc o h vl dd, andallow y anohr lr o wah ovr you. I mualo dply apologz or no hankng you rghaway. Long ough-ar ynh o houghuddnly prnd hmlv, a  droppdrom h havn. A condrabl amoun o work wa rqurd o quckly provd hm wha abl orm. Your “hor drama”, whch wrconanly by my d, wr a gra ourc o npraon, vn hough I wa only abl o radcran par hr and hr.For m, h “nnr a” ha ar porraydn your ar a purly ahc, or no xaclyporrayd, bu lvad no a phr o purahc bauy, h a hold, n h a-hc objccaon, a parcular nr—..no only or h ar lovr n m, bu alo orh phloophr and “phnomnolog.” Formany yar I hav ampd o g a clar no h bac problm o phloophy, and hno h mhod or olvng hm, all o whchld m o h “phnomnologcal” mhod a aprmann acquon. I dmand an audoward all orm o objcvy ha undamn-ally dpar rom  “naural” counrpar,and whch  cloly rlad o h aud andanc n whch your ar, a omhng purlyahc, plac u wh rpc o h prndobjc and h whol o h urroundng world.Th nuon o a purly ahc work o ar  nacd undr a rc upnon o allxnal aud o h nllc and o allaud rlang o moon and h wll whchpruppo uch an xnal aud. Or morprcly: h work o ar plac u n (almoorc u no) a a o ahc nuonha xclud h aud. Th mor o hxnal world ha round or  brough oanon, and h mor h work o ar dmandan xnal aud o u ou o l (ornanc a nauralc nuou apparanc: hnaural ruh o phoography), h l ah-cally pur h work . (To h alo blong allknd o “ndncy”.) Th naural anc o hmnd, h anc o acual l,  “xnal”hrough and hrough. Thng ha and boru n a nuou way, h hng o whch acualcnc dcour pak, ar pod by u aral, and ac o mnd and wll ar bad onh pong o xnc: joy—ha h
,orrow, ha h 
, wh, ha  could
, c.( = xnal aud o h mnd): h oppopol o ha anc o h mnd ha blong opur ahc nuon and h corrpondngmoonal a. Bu ju a much h oppopol o h pur phnomnologcal aud o h mnd, whch  h only on whn whchphloophcal problm can b olvd. For hphnomnologcal mhod oo dmand a rcupnon o all xnal aud. Abov alln h crqu o knowldg.A oon a h phnx o knowldg ha pod quon, a oon a w hav lookd no habyal dph o h pobly o a knowldgha would b nacd n ubjcv xprncand y conan an n-l xng objcvy,our aud o all pr-gvn knowldg and allpr-gvn bng—o all o cnc and all a-umd raly—ha bcom a radcally dfrnon.
quonabl, vryhng ncom-prhnbl, vryhng ngmac! Th ngmacan only b olvd  w plac ourlv on own ground and ra
all knowledge
a quon-abl, and accp no xnc a pr-gvn. Thman ha all cnc and all raly (ncludngh raly o on’ own I) hav bcom mr“phnomna.” Only on hng rman: oclary, n a pur nung (n a pur nunganaly and abracon), h manng whch mmann n h
 pure phenomena
, whou vrgong byond hm, .. whou pruppongany rancndn xnc ha ar nndd nhm; ha , o clary wha knowldg a uchand known objcvy a uch man, and manaccordng o hr mmann nc. Th ap-pl o all yp and orm o “knowldg.” I allknowldg  quonabl, hn h phnom-non “knowldg”  h only hng gvn, andbor I prm on parcular knd o knowldga vald, I prorm my rarch n a purly nu-ng (a   wr ahc) ahon: wha valdyn gnral man, .., wha knowldg a uchman, wh and n  “known objcvy.” I Iam o nvga n an “nung” way, I muo cour no hold on o a mrly vrbal qua-knowng (ymbolc hough), bu o h propr,“vdn” and “nghul” knowng, vnhough h ymbolc hough, n  rlaon ovdn knowng, alo rqur a phnomno-logcal analy o nc.Phnomnologcal nung  hu clolyrlad o h ahc nung n “pur” ar;obvouly   no an nung ha rv hpurpo o ahc plaur, bu rahr h pur-po o connud nvgaon and cognon,and o conung cnc ngh n a nwphr (h phloophcal phr).Anohr hng. Th
, who “obrv” hworld n ordr o gan “knowldg” o naurand man or h own purpo, rla o  n amlar way a h phnomnolog. Thu: noa an obrvng naural cn and pycholo-g, no a a praccal obrvr o man, a  wr an u o knowldg o man and naur.Whn h obrv h world,  bcom a ph-nomnon or hm,  xnc  ndfrn, ju a   o h phloophr (n h crqu o raon). Th dfrnc  ha h ar, unlkh phloophr, do no amp o ound h“manng” o h world-phnomnon and grap n concp, bu appropra  nuvly, nordr o gahr, ou   plnud, maral orh craon o ahc orm.*Wha a hopl and ypcal proor! H cannovn opn h mouh, whou gvng a lcur.Bu happly nough, par o h phloophcal“nc” o a lcur  h abnc o a dmandor an anwr, and h am hng hold or hnc o “acadmc rdom,” ha on can allalp or kp chool a much a on wan.Bu I wh you all h b, dar H, n h nwyar. And wha I wh you, I wh h nrworld o popl who ak uch a gra nrn your nnr dvlopmn and growh, wh bloom and owrng.P. S. I nd myl rlucan o ay anyhngabou your work. I hnk ha you would b n-dfrn o pra and corn, and w alk o anyknd. And h hr goldn rul or h ar(n h wd n), whch a h am m arh publc cr o all ru gran, ar urlyamlar and vdn o you: 1) H hall hav g-nu—obvouly, ohrw h
no an ar. 2)H hall ollow, purly and olly, h
,whch, rom whn, drv hm o an nung-blnd producon. 3) Evryon l know br,hu h obrv hm all—n a purly ahcand phnomnologcal ahon.Wh b rgard, rom all o u o all o youYour rulyE. Hurl
 Husserliana Dokumente
, vol. VII,
, (Dordrch:Kluwr, 1994), 133–36. Tranlaon: Svn-Olov Wallnn.
1. Hofmanhal vd Hurl on Dcmbr 6, 1906,whn h wa n Göngn o gv a lcur a h nv-aon o Thodor Lng.2. Prumably Homanhal’
 Kleine Dramen
(1906). Thvolum ha howvr no bn ound n Hurl’lbrary.3. I am lavng ou h parallll doman o h phlo-ophcal crqu o “praccal” and “ahc,” ngnral valuang “raon.” (Hurl’ margnal no.)
Hugo vonHofmannsthal,1874–1929
i. Aesthetcs and art n thephenomenologcal tradton
Whn h r dcad o phnomnologcalphloophy, hr mrgd wo man rpono a quon ha had alrady bn broachd nGrman Idalm: wha  h gncanc o arand ahc or phloophy? Do work o arconu y anohr objc o udy ha canb aly crcumcrbd and vnually ndowdwh a lmd “auonomy”, or do hy ponoward a dmnon ha xcd h grap o phloophy, and xcd  no mrly a anxrnal acor, bu a omhng mor nmahan ubjcv nrory l, omhng hawould b nxrcably bound up wh h vrypobly o hough?Th r and mor rrcd rpon, whchocu on h a pror or dc condon o h ahc objc, wa h on ha ook prc-dnc among ho phloophr ha rmandwhn h orb o Hurl’ nal propoal.Th cond and mor provocav rpon,whch o a larg xn draw on Hdggr’rjcon o h concp o ahc n h 1930,blong o a lar pha, whr h “vn” o hwork dmand o hough ha  rhnk  ownconcp, and ulmaly apr o ranormh dcour o phloophy l. Tha h waa horcal
o h quon wa, whnh r yp o rpon, largly unconcou—or a la no an xplc ocu. Bu  bcamncrangly mporan n h cond rpon,nc h urnd ou o b a hory ha wouldak u back no only o dalm, bu vn, a n a r o vr wdnng crcl, o Plaoand a cran ragng o h “ancn quarrl”,h
 palai diaphora
, agd n h
whrpory appar a h
par xcllnc o phloophy.Th dcv prnc o quon o ar andahc—boh n h rrcd and h gn-ral n—n h phnomnologcal radon,pcally a  dvlopd no varou xn-al, hrmnuc, and dconrucv pha,rom Hdggr and Gadamr o Sarr andMrlau-Pony, Rcour and Drrda,  machdonly by h carcy o Hurl’ own commnon h opc. Evn hough h a varou ponn h carr uggd a paralll bwn hphnomnologcal
(h upnon o our“pong o xnc” n avor o an xamna-on o hr
) and h ahc aud,h proxmy m nvr o hav bcom adcv u or hm, and  nvr ld hm oany n-dph quonng o h prmacy o hhorcal aud. Bu a arly a h m o h rancndnal urn o phnomnology,r announcd n 1913 n h r volum o 
, hr mrgd a wd rang o ampo dvlop a phnomnology o ar, o h fcha Wrnr Zgnu n 1927 could publha h nld
 Die phänomenologische Ästhetik
,ddcad o a ymac urvy o workwrn rom a mor or l phnomnologcalandpon, whch all n varou way dal whwha n Hurl’ vocabulary could b calld h“rgonal onology” o h work o ar. RomanIngardn’ nvgaon no h layr o gn-caon n h lrary work o ar (
 Das literarische Kunstwerk
, 1931) conu a landmark n hdvlopmn, and  wa connud ar h warn Mkl Durnn’ ymac analy o a-hc xprnc (
 Phénoménologie de l’expérienceesthétique
1953).Th wo ln o nqury hav ach dvl-opd paraly, bu hy hav alo nrcd,pckd up nunc rom ohr radon,and producd nw hybrd orm. In h n,h radon o phnomnologcal ahc ll n h makng,  dny hghly ud.Howvr,   alo ru ha  ha ufrdrom a cran horcal jlag n rlaon oconmporary ar, and omm urnd no a o ahc valu and an mplc dn o an unquond modrn canon rahr hanan analycal approach. R-radng om o hdcv documn rom h r pha whan y o hr ambguy—or whch Hurl’150h annvrary provd u wh an oppor-uny a good a any—gv u a vanag ponrom whch om apc o h prn may bdcrnd, and rom whch h pobly o aphnomnologcal ahc can onc mor baddrd a a lvng quon.
ii. The object of phantasy and aesthetcntuton
Explc alhough br rrnc o ahcar card hroughou Hurl’ work, buonly on a w occaon do h addr hquon had-on. Many o h paag can bound n h volum
 Phantasie, Bildbewusstsein, Erinnerung 
, whr Hurl, n h amp ograp h phnomnologcal nc o phanayand mag concoun, on draw on arcxampl; hn hr  an mporan con nh volum on h phnomnologcal rducon(whch ambl manucrp rom 1926 o1935), whr Hurl brng ou h proxmyo rducon o ar, bu alo amp o dn aln o dmarcaon bwn hm; and nally,hr  h br, dn, vn ngmac lro Hugo von Homannhal (ranlad hr),wrn n 1907, h yar ar h da o h
wa bgnnng o ak orm, and whchhu occup an aboluly crucal plac n hchronology o Hurl’ dvlopmn.Hurl’ apparn lack o nr n h opc undoubdly du o h gnral drcon o h phloophy a  mrg n h 1890: rgard-l o how w may nally a h nunco Frg’ crcm o h arlr work on hphloophy o arhmc, h mov away rompychologm wa par o an amp o provda cur oundaon or h mahmacal andlogcal dcpln, a wll a or h nauralcnc, and vn hough h quon o houndaon o h human and ocal cncwa alway hr,  wa nvr h ocal pon o Hurl’ rarch.Th xcuron no h doman o ahcha w nd n
XXIII blong o h prpara-ory nvgaon or a ymac prnaonha Hurl n a no rom 1906 dcrb a a“vry comprhnv work on prcpon, phan-ay, and m.” Th work, whch, lk mo o Hurl’ projcd book, ald o maralz(par o  wr howvr publhd n Hurl’lm n h 1928 Hdggr/Sn don o h lcur on m-concoun), would havman a p byond h phr dlnad n h
 Logical Investigations
(1900), and  would havard of rom h “oppo pol”, .. h polo nuou xprnc ha mu prcd hphr o “judgmn”. Ahc u nddorm a par o h phr, and alhough hy aralway ubordnad o h mor gnral uo phanay and mag concoun a uch,h amp o dn h varou mod o “r-prnaon” (
) a oppod odrc prcpon or “prnaon” lad Hurlo crunz h xprnc w hav o pan-ng, culpur, phoograph, har pror-manc c., vn o h nwly born ar orm o cnma (c. 536/645)—xprnc whch onappar a paradgmac or h whol domanundr nvgaon. Phanay urhrmor pr-n a parcular problm n ranporng u noa world o  own, and alhough Hurl nallyhough ha phanay could b analyzd a aparcular “nuralzaon” o a prvou pongo acualy, h vnually gav up h wo-pvw, whch n ac mak h rucur o phan-ay, a an
originally non-positional act 
, vn mordcul and ngmac, bu alo mor dcv.Phanay n ac play a crucal rol n ph-nomnology, nc h chnqu o “phanayvaraon”  wha opn up h whol doman o nc—  h “val lmn” o phnom-nology, Hurl ay n anohr conx (c.
 I, § 70). Undrood n oppoon o prcpon,mmory, and xpcaon,   an nvnvrahr han a pong ac,   ndowd wh ahghly “proan characr” (
XXIII 58/63),and characrzd by mod uch a “a  wr”,“a ”, and “qua-”, whch ar drcd aganh mod o acual xnc. Th phanayobjc, Hurl ay,  alway vagu, vld, andunabl, and only gvn a “hovrng bor u”(335/405).In many o h dcrpon, Hurl appar ob rrvng h Kanan vocabulary o magna-on and bauy n h hrd
, or nancwhn h drmn phanay a h domano “dnrdn” (577/694), “purpol-n,” and “play” (577/695). Anohr cho o Kan, h m wh rpc o h h analy o rxv judgmn and lng, can b ovrhardwhn Hurl mphaz ha I can nddpa judgmn on phanad objc, ju a Ican hav lng oward hm, alhough n a“qua”-mod ha para uch ac rom hoha ar bad on prcpon (rom drmnng judgmn and ac ha nvolv nr, a Kanwould ay). Phanay  characrzd by r-dom, a h lm vn an “uncondond arb-rarn” (534/692), whch  an ndcaon o ubjcv characr, a wll a o  oppoono h normal prcpual world. Th ubjcvnaur do no prclud h phanad objchavng a cran dny, alhough Hurl’undrandng o h wa hng: ommh undrood h objc a omhng “po-bl,” bu n h nd h abandond h vw, ju a h abandond h hory o phanay aa modcaon o a pror pong o xnc.Phanay conu an
object of its own
, and hmany concpual h and dplacmn ha
Phenomenology and thePossibility of a Pure Art:Husserls Letterto Hofmannsthal
Sven-Olov Wallenstein

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