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General Processes - Working With Wood

General Processes - Working With Wood

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Published by Daniel Lim Dexigns
This document highlights a general process on working with wood with useful tips.

A useful guide for high school students doing Design and Technology.

If in doubt, always ask.

Email me if you have any questions or any request for more guides related to design and technology or workshop processes.

More guides and tips on working with your Design Journals and workshop process guides, visit my blog http://designjournalsos.blogspot.com/
This document highlights a general process on working with wood with useful tips.

A useful guide for high school students doing Design and Technology.

If in doubt, always ask.

Email me if you have any questions or any request for more guides related to design and technology or workshop processes.

More guides and tips on working with your Design Journals and workshop process guides, visit my blog http://designjournalsos.blogspot.com/

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Published by: Daniel Lim Dexigns on Jun 10, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/10/2011

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General Processes - Working with Wood 
General Processes:
 
Pre-Check
 
Make sure all parts given to you are 'square'. That means the edges are 90 degressto each other before you start marking out.
 
Marking Out
(After you got your raw materials)
1)
Mark out
all parts with
 
lines
for sawing and trimming with a
marking knife
, markthe centres of 
curves
(radius) and
holes
to be drilled with an 'x'. Mark out all thepositions for screws and/nails nails.
Tips
:
If you have screws or nails in your joints, work out the correct length, type of head, and the diamter & depth of the pilot holes to drill. Also make sure that youdo not screw or nail too close to the edge of the wood.
Drilling
 
2) Drill all the
holes
first.
Tips
:
If dowels are required, make sure you check that the diameter of the dowelsmatches the diameter of the drill bit. To check if the fit nicely, try it on a piece of waste wood.
If you require a flat hole, use a
Forstner Bit
instead of a
Drill Bit
.
If you require a large hole and not even the
Forstner Bit
can create it, consider using a
Hole Saw
instead.
Sawing
 
3) Trim (concave or convex)
curves
using
Scroll Saw 
(if wood is thin) or 
Tenon saw 
 (for straight cut). For external curves, the
Circular Sanding Machin
e may be used.
Dry Assembly (to test if parts fit)
 
4)
Dry fit
all your parts, check that they are OK. If not ok, modify or re-do.
Tips
:
Don't join them with PVA and nails yet or screws yet!
Finishing (Part 1 of 2: Sanding Preparation)
 
5)
Sand
surfaces and edges smooth using
Glass Paper 
(aka sand paper).
IMPORTANT 
:
If you are joining edges, you MUST NOT sand the edges to be joined! It will notfit after that.

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