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The Greek Warship Tarn JHS 1905 Warship

The Greek Warship Tarn JHS 1905 Warship

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Published by 626484201
THE JOURNAL OF HELLENIC STUDIES
THE JOURNAL OF HELLENIC STUDIES

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Published by: 626484201 on Jun 10, 2011
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THE SOCIETY FOR THE PROMOTION OF HELLENIC STUDIES
THE JOURNAL
OF
HELLENIC STUDIES
VOLUME XXV. (1905)
PUBLISHED BY THE COUNCIL, AND SOLD ON THEIR BEHALF
BY
MACMILLAN AND CO.,
LIMITED,
ST. MARTIN'S STREET,
LONDON, W.C.
MDCCCCY
fhe flights of Translation and fiejwcduction are Reserved
Digitized by t^ooQle
 
CONTENTS.
Rules of the Society ixList of Officers and Members xvProceedings of the Society, 1904-1905 xxxixFinancial Statement liAdditions to the Library lviAccessions to the Catalogue of Slides IxiiNotice to Contributors lxvii
DYER (L.)
... Olympian Treasuries and Treasuries inGeneral 294
EDGAR
(C. C.) On the Dating of the Fayum Portraits[Plate XIII.] 225
FOAT (F.
W. G.) ... Tsade and Sampi 338
FORSTER
(E. S.) ... ... A Fragment of the
4
Edictum Diocletiani' ... 260
GARDINER
(E. N.) ... Wrestling I., II. [Plates XI., XII.] ... 14,263
GARDNER
(P.) ... ... Vases added to the Ashmolean Museum, II.[Plates I.-IV.] 65... ... The Apoxyomenos of Lysippus 234
HALL (H.
R.) The Two Labyrinths [Plate XIV.] 320
HASLUCK
(F. W.) ... Inscriptions from the Cyzicene District, 1904 ... 56
HOGARTH
(D.
G.), H. L. LORIMER
and C. C.
EDGAR
... Naukratis, 1903[Plates V-VIL] 105
MCDOWALL (K. A.)
... Heracles and the Apples of the Hesperides ...
157RAMSAY (W. M.)...
... Topography and Epigraphy of Nova Isaura ...
163
Six (J.) ... ... ... The Pediments of the Maussolleum 1
TARN
(W. W.) The Greek Warship 137, 204TOD (M. N.) ... ... Notes and Inscriptions from South-WesternMessenia 32
WAGE
(A. J. B.) Hellenistic Royal Portraits [Plates VIII.-X.]... 86
WELLS
(J.) ... Some Points as to the Chronology of the Reignof Cleomenes 1 193Notices of Books 181, 366Index of Subjects 373Greek Index 381£ist of Books Noticed 383
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THE GREEK WARSHIP.
I.
THE controversy as to the arrangement of the oars in ancient warshipshas been, in one aspect and with the due exceptions, a controversy betweenthe scholars and the sailors, in which, while the sailors cannot well be wrongon their own ground, the same impossibility hardly applies to their opponents.When the practical seaman points out that superposed banks of oars, in theaccepted
1
sense, are a frank impossibility, it is hardly a conclusive reply totell him that his acquaintance with the authorities leaves something to bedesired. It follows, that for anyone who, like the present writer, is convincedthat the sailors are right, the real interest of the question is this: does theevidence compel me, or even invite me, to believe in a practical impossibility ?
1
By
4
the accepted theory' in this paper 1mean the groap of solutions (they are legion)which, though differing in details of arrange-ment, agree in this, that a trireme had threebanks of oars at a
substantial
interval one overthe other, a quinquereme five, a dekeres ten,and so forth, each oar rowed by one man andthe lowest bank fairly near the water. (I donot include Bauer, or so much of Assmann asrelates to breit-polyereis.) All these solutionsrest on a common basis and fall togetherif that be destroyed. The most importantcurrent expression of this theory, beside Mr.Torr's, is Assmann's hoch-polyeres theory (art.
Seewetcn
in Baumeister and several papers,notably
Jahrb.
1889, p. 91,
Zur Kenntniss derAntikm Schiffe
), followed by Droysen,
Qrieikische Kricgsaltertumer
in Hermann'sLehrbuch ; Luebeck,
Das Seewescn derGriechen und Homer
, 2 vols. 1890; andSchmidt,
Ueber griechischc Dreireiher
, 1899 ;to judge by Luebeck's article
bircmis
, it willbe adopted in the new Pauly-Wissowa. Bauer'stheory (
Griechische Kriegsa Iter urner
in Midler's
Handb. d. Mass. AU.-Wiss
., 1893, and severalpapers), that a trireme had a
very slight
interval between the banks and that shipslarger than triremes never had more than threebanks but employed more than one man to anoar, is quite a separate matter. Importantis Admiral Fincati's
Le Triremi
, 1881 ; atrireme had three oars to one bench, like aVenetian galley a zenzile. I unfortunatelyonly know this book in Serre's translation, atthe end of Vol. 1 of his
Marines de la guerre,
1885 and 1891, from which I cite it. 1 cannotclassify Admiral Serre; though accepted, Ibelieve, in France, his views seem to bear littlerelation to the evidence. Weber's book
DieLosung des Tricrenratsels
, published 1896, butwritten much earlier, with many blundersand mistranslations, contains ideas. A triremehad three men to an oar, a quinquereme five,etc. Accepted by Speck,
HandelsgesehichU
9
1900. Weber has no monopoly in mistrans-lations. The best exposition of the acceptedtheory prior to Assmaun is probably that ofCartault,
La Trtere Athinienne
, 1881. Iunderstand he afterwards agreed with Bauer.While this paper was in the press two importantarticles appeared : one by Mr. Torr in Dar.-Sagl.
s. v.
navis,
which seems to state his versionof the accepted theory more definitely than wasdone in
Ancient Ships
; the other by Mr. A. B.Cook in Whibley's
Companion to Greek Studies,
who favours the Venetian theory, but not verydecidedly. References to Torr in this paper areto
Ancient Ships
unless otherwise stated.
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