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Bahan Ajar Jarkom a212

Bahan Ajar Jarkom a212

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Published by solvamilamit

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Published by: solvamilamit on Jun 11, 2011
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12/27/2012

 
Ouau Dmdr
Mdrg`jd` Afk~uxer
^e`wu|u`Dcdk|wdb# \.\g.# K.AfkKulb D}g} Ku|cgk# \.Afk.# K.Afk
MU_U\D@ KDXEKDXGADIDAUCXD\ KDXEKDXGAD HD@ GCKU ^E@JEXDBUD@ DCDK
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 4
ODO GAf`|e~ Mdrg`jd` Afk~uxer
^e`hdbucud`
^eraekod`jd` xea`fcfjg afk~uxer ke`g`jadx he`jd` le~dx# bdc g`g xercgbdx~dhd erd xdbu` 2>+d` mdrg`jd` afk~uxer kd|gb keru~dad` xead+xeag wd`j g`jg`hgmdzdo fceb adcd`jd` dadhekg|g# hd` ~dhd xdbu` 4722 mdrg`jd` afk~uxer kucdghgju`dad` hg u`gyer|gxd|+u`gyer|gxd|# ~eru|dbdd`+~eru|dbdd`# |eadrd`j kekd|uag erdkgce`guk g`g xeruxdkd zfrch zghe g`xer`ex xecdb ke`mdhg redcgxd| |ebdrg+bdrg muxdd`kd`u|gd hg kuad oukg g`g.\ecdg` gxu# ~erd`jadx aerd| hd` ~erd`jadx cu`da mdrg`jd` xecdb oe`dr+oe`droeruodb# hg dzdc ~eraekod`jd``wd bdk~gr |ecurub mdrg`jd` hgod`ju` hdrg adoecafdgdc# ag`g od`wda xecdb hgd`xdrd`wd hgod`ju` hdrg |erdx f~xga "igoer f~xgl|' dxduafku`gad|g xd`~d adoec.\eoecuk ceogb od`wda cdjg hgmecd|ad` ke`je`dg mdrg`jd` afk~uxer |eldrdxea`g|# ~dhd odo ~e`hdbucud` g`g dad` hgurdgad` xerceogb hdbucu heig`g|g mdrg`jd`afk~uxer# kd`iddx mdrg`jd` afk~uxer# hd` kdldk mdrg`jd` afk~uxer.
4.4
Heig`g|g Mdrg`jd` Afk~uxer
He`jd` oeraekod`j`wd xea`fcfjg afk~uxer hd` afku`gad|g |udxu kfhecafk~uxer xu`jjdc wd`j kecdwd`g |ecurub xujd|+xujd| afk~uxd|g |udxu frjd`g|d|g ag`gxecdb hgjd`xg he`jd` |eauk~ucd` afk~uxer wd`j xer~g|db+~g|db dad` xexd~g |dcg`joerbuou`jd` hdcdk kecda|d`dad` xujd|`wd# |g|xek |e~erxg g`g hg|eoux mdrg`jd`afk~uxer "lfk~uxer `exzfra'.
"4'
Hdcdk ouau g`g agxd dad` ke`jju`dad` g|xgcdb mdrg`jd` afk~uxer u`xua ke`jdrxgad` |udxu bgk~u`d` g`xeraf`ea|g |emukcdb afk~uxer wd`j duxf`fkfu|. Hudoudb afk~uxer hgadxdad` xerg`xeraf`ea|g ogcd aehud`wd hd~dx |dcg`j oerxuadrg`ifrkd|ug. Oexua af`ea|g`wd xghda bdru| kecdcug adzdx xekodjd |dmd kecdg`ad`hd~dx ek`jju`dad` |erdx f~xga# jecfkdo`j kgarf# dxdu |dxecgx afku`gad|g.
 
 ?U`xua kekdbdkg g|xgcdb mdrg`jd` afk~uxer |erg`j adcg agxd hgog`ju`jad`he`jd` |g|xek xerhg|xrgou|g "hg|xrgouxeh |w|xek'. Au`lg ~eroehdd``wd dhdcdb odbzd|eoudb |g|xek xerhg|xrgou|g#aeoerdhdd` |emukcdb afk~uxer duxf`fkfu| oer|gidxxrd`|~drd` odjg ~ekdadg`wd. \e|efrd`j hd~dx kekoerg ~erg`xdb u`xua ke`jea|eau|g|udxu ~rfjrdk# hd` aekuhgd` ~rfjrdk gxu~u` dad` oermdcd` hd` xujd| u`xua kekgcgb ~rf|e|fr# ke`ekuad` hd` ke`jgrgkad` igce ae |udxu ~rf|e|fr hd`ke`wgk~d` bd|gc`wd hg xek~dx wd`j xe~dx kerxu~dad` xujd| |g|xek f~erd|g. He`jd`adxd cdg`# ~e`jju`d |g|xek xerhgxrgou|g xghda dad` ke`wdhdrg xerhd~dx`wd od`wda ~rf|e|fr "kucxg~rf|e|fr'# dcfad|g xujd| ae ~rf|e|fr+~rf|e|fr# dcfad|g iSgce ae hg|a#~ekg`hdbd` igce wd`j hig|gk~d` hd` wd`j hg~ercuad`# |erxd iu`j|g+iu`j|g cdg``wdhdrg |gxek bdru| oer|gidx fxfkdxg|.^dhd |udxu mdrg`jd` afk~uxer# ~e`jju`d bdru| |eldrd ea|~cg|gx cfj ae|eoudb ke|g`# |eldrd ea|~cg|gx ke`wdk~dgad` xujd|`wd hdrg mdub# |eldrd ea|~cg|gxwkekg`hdbad` igce+igce hd` ke`d`jd`g |e`hgrg |eldrd ukuk |ecu|urb kd`dmeke` mdrg`jd`. ^dhd |g|xek xerhg|xrgou|g# xghda dhd wd`j ~ercu hgcdauad` |eldrd ea|~cg|gx#|erku`wd |uhdb hgcdauad` |eldrd fxfkdxg| fceb |g|xek xd`~d |e~e`jexdbud`~ekdadg.He`jd` hekgagd` |eoudb |g|xek xerhg|xrgou|g dhdcdb |udxu |g|xek ~erd`jadxcu`da wd`j hgoudx ~dhd odjgd` |eoudb mdrg`jd` afk~uxer. ^erd`jadx cu`dacdb wd`jke`e`xuad` xg`jadx aexer~dhud` hd` xrd`|~drd`|g mdrgk`jd` wd`j oer|d`jauxd`.Adre`d gxu ~eroehdd` mdrg`jd` he`jd` |g|xek xerhg|xrgou|g ceogb xercexda ~dhd~erd`jadx cu`da`wd "abu|u|`wd |g|xek f~erd|g'# ouad` ~dhd ~erd`jadx aerd|`wd.
4.?
Kd`iddx Mdrg`jd` Afk~uxer
\eoecuk kekodbd| agxd kd|dcdb+kd|dcdb xea`g| ceogb ke`hdcdk cdjg# ~ercuagrd`wd hg~erbdxgad` bdc+bdc wd`j kekoudx frd`j xerxdrga ~dhd mdrg`jd` afk~uxer hd`u`xua d~d mdrg`jd` g`g hgju`dad`. Kd`iddx mdrg`jd` afk~uxer odjg kd`u|gd hd~dxhgaecfk~faad` ~dhd mdrg`jd` u`xua ~eru|dbdd`# mdrg`jd` u`xua ukuk# hd` kd|dcdb|f|gdc mdrg`jd`.
4.?.4
 
Mdrg`jd` u`xua ~eru|dbdd`&frjd`g|d|g

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