Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Diabetes, what we all should know about diabetes mellitus: ype 1 and diabetes type 2

Diabetes, what we all should know about diabetes mellitus: ype 1 and diabetes type 2

Ratings: (0)|Views: 330|Likes:
Published by IremBright
Definition
Diabetes is a chronic (lifelong) disease marked by high levels of sugar in the blood.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar. Diabetes can be caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both.
To understand diabetes, it is important to first understand the normal process by which food is broken down and used by the body for energy. Several things happen when food is digested:
• A sugar called glucose enters the bloodstream. Glucose is a source of fuel for the body.
• An organ called the pancreas makes insulin. The role of insulin is to move glucose from the bloodstream into muscle, fat, and liver cells, where it can be used as fuel.
People with diabetes have high blood sugar. This is because:
• Their pancreas does not make enough insulin
• Their muscle, fat, and liver cells do not respond to insulin normally
• Both of the above
There are three major types of diabetes:
Definition
Diabetes is a chronic (lifelong) disease marked by high levels of sugar in the blood.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar. Diabetes can be caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both.
To understand diabetes, it is important to first understand the normal process by which food is broken down and used by the body for energy. Several things happen when food is digested:
• A sugar called glucose enters the bloodstream. Glucose is a source of fuel for the body.
• An organ called the pancreas makes insulin. The role of insulin is to move glucose from the bloodstream into muscle, fat, and liver cells, where it can be used as fuel.
People with diabetes have high blood sugar. This is because:
• Their pancreas does not make enough insulin
• Their muscle, fat, and liver cells do not respond to insulin normally
• Both of the above
There are three major types of diabetes:

More info:

Published by: IremBright on Jun 11, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/12/2014

pdf

text

original

 
Diabetes Reversing Guide: http://www.reversingdiabeteswithdiet.com
Diabetes
Definition
Diabetes is a chronic (lifelong) disease marked by high levels of sugar in the blood.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar. Diabetes can be caused bytoo little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both.To understand diabetes, it is important to first understand the normal process by which food is broken down and used by the body for energy. Several things happen when food is digested:
A sugar called glucose enters the bloodstream. Glucose is a source of fuel for the body.
An organ called the pancreas makes insulin. The role of insulin is to move glucose fromthe bloodstream into muscle, fat, and liver cells, where it can be used as fuel.People with diabetes have high blood sugar. This is because:
Their pancreas does not make enough insulin
Their muscle, fat, and liver cells do not respond to insulin normally
Both of the aboveThere are three major types of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in childhood. Many patients are diagnosed whenthey are older than age 20. In this disease, the body makes little or no insulin. Dailyinjections of insulin are needed. The exact cause is unknown. Genetics, viruses, andautoimmune problems may play a role.
Type 2 diabetes is far more common than type 1. It makes up most of diabetes cases. Itusually occurs in adulthood, but young people are increasingly being diagnosed with thisdisease. The pancreas does not make enough insulin to keep blood glucose levels normal,often because the body does not respond well to insulin. Many people with type 2diabetes do not know they have it, although it is a serious condition. Type 2 diabetes is becoming more common due to increasing obesity and failure to exercise.
Gestational diabetes is high blood glucose that develops at any time during pregnancy ina woman who does not have diabetes. Women who have gestational diabetes are at highrisk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease later in life.Diabetes affects more than 20 million Americans. Over 40 million Americans have prediabetes(early type 2 diabetes).
 
Diabetes Reversing Guide: http://www.reversingdiabeteswithdiet.comDiabetes Reversing Guide:http://www.reversingdiabeteswithdiet.com/how-to-reverse-diabetes/
There are many risk factors for type 2 diabetes, including:
Age over 45 years
A parent, brother, or sister with diabetes
Gestational diabetes or delivering a baby weighing more than 9 pounds
Heart disease
Obesity
 Not getting enough exercise
Previous impaired glucose tolerance
Some ethnic groups (particularly African Americans, Native Americans, Asians, PacificIslanders, and Hispanic Americans)
Symptoms
High blood levels of glucose can cause several problems, including:
Blurry vision
Excessive thirst
Frequent urination
Hunger 
Weight lossHowever, because type 2 diabetes develops slowly, some people with high blood sugar experience no symptoms at all.Symptoms of type 1 diabetes:
Fatigue
Increased thirst
Increased urination
 Nausea
Vomiting
Weight loss in spite of increased appetitePatients with type 1 diabetes usually develop symptoms over a short period of time. The condition isoften diagnosed in an emergency setting.Symptoms of type 2 diabetes:
Blurred vision
Fatigue
Increased appetite
Increased thirst
 
Diabetes Reversing Guide: http://www.reversingdiabeteswithdiet.comDiabetes Reversing Guide:http://www.reversingdiabeteswithdiet.com/how-to-reverse-diabetes/
Increased urination
Signs and tests
Aurine analysis may be used to look for glucose and ketones from the breakdown of fat. However, a urine testalone does not diagnose diabetes.The following blood tests are used to diagnose diabetes:
Fasting blood glucose level-- diabetes is diagnosed if higher than 126 mg/dL on two occasions.Levels between 100 and 126 mg/dL are referred to as impaired fasting glucose or prediabetes.These levels are considered to be risk factors for type 2 diabetes and its complications.
Oral glucose tolerance test-- diabetes is diagnosed if glucose level is higher than 200 mg/dL after 2 hours. (This test is used more for type 2 diabetes.)
Random (non-fasting) blood glucose level-- diabetes is suspected if higher than 200 mg/dL andaccompanied by the classic diabetes symptoms of increased thirst, urination, and fatigue. (Thistest must be confirmed with afasting blood glucose test.) Persons with diabetes need to have their  hemoglobin A1c(HbA1c
 
) level checked every 3 - 6 months. TheHbA1c is a measure of average blood glucose during the previous 2 - 3 months. It is a very helpful way todetermine how well treatment is working.
Treatment
The immediate goals are to treatdiabetic ketoacidosisand high blood glucose levels. Because type 1diabetes can start suddenly and have severe symptoms, people who are newly diagnosed may need to goto the hospital.The long-term goals of treatment are to:
Prolong life
Reduce symptoms
Prevent diabetes-related complications such as blindness,heart disease,kidney failure, and amputation of limbsThese goals are accomplished through:
Blood pressure andcholesterolcontrol
Careful self testing of blood glucose levels
Education
Exercise
Foot care
Meal planning and weight control
Medication or insulin use:

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->