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Home Automation

Home Automation

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Published by mujahed1987
Home Automation
Smart Home
Home Automation
Smart Home

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: mujahed1987 on Jun 11, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/03/2012

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What is Home Automation?
Home Automation is automating the control of your home so it works for you, adding convenience and making yourlife easier, even while saving energy! It can be as basic as dimming lights with a remote control or as complex assetting up a network of items in your home (such as a thermostat, security system, lighting and appliances) that canbe programmed using a main controller or even with your cell phone from anywhere in the world. Today'stechnology makes it simpler and more affordable for homeowners to purchase and install their own home controlsystems, and home automation has finally become a mainstream reality for the average consumer wanting to live ina "smart home". The numerous benefits of today's home automation solutions include: safety and security, energysavings, money savings, convenience and control. It can also improve the daily life of seniors and the disabled byoffering voice control and safety items.
The goal of home automation
The goal of home automation has always been to make your home more comfortable and secure, as well as toreduce the time spent managing your home by letting your home do the work that you would normally do, inessence making your home work for you. In addition to comfort and security, automating the home is the best wayto regulate energy usage and reduce costs for heating, cooling and lighting. Home automation is taking center stagein home technology circles for its ability to let home owners greatly reduce their energy consumption withoutchanging their lifestyle, therefore helping them do their part to slow global warming, as well saving them money.Finally, home automation can be exciting! New innovations make home automation products fun and easy to use forevery member of the family. For example, a scenario such as I'm Home could be triggered by pressing one buttonfrom your vehicle as you approach the driveway. The Home Controller receives the command triggering a scenario,preprogrammed and stored in the home controller. The internal clock in the controller knows that it is 8:00 pm andpast sunset, in your geographical location, therefore starting the scenario by sequentially turning on the lighting inthe garage entry, walkway, hallway, and kitchen. It then disables the security system, opens the garage door,unlocks the interior garage entry door, adjusts the thermostat to a preset home position, and turns on the whole-house audio system. The home control processor is essentially the heart of the home systems network. Other timesaving scenarios such as "Party Time", "Away", "Good Night" etc. involving several home systems can be activatedby phone, voice, and remotes as desired. A home systems status check is also a convenient feature to add to the"Good Night" scenario. In addition to automatically turning off all lights and adjusting the thermostats, the systemwill also provide an audio report indicating the status of the security system by zone, the temperature in each zone,the position of the garage doors, and the "wakeup" times selected.
History
 
In 1966 Jim Sutherland, an engineer working for Westinghouse Electric, developed a home automation system called"ECHO IV"; this was a private project and never commercializedWith the invention of the microcontroller, the cost of electronic control fell rapidly. Remote and intelligent controltechnologies were adopted by the building services industry and appliance manufacturers worldwide, as they offerthe end user easily accessible and/or greater control of their products.
 
As the number of controllable appliances in the home rises, the ability of these devices to interconnect andcommunicate with each other digitally becomes a useful and desirable feature. The consolidation of control ormonitoring signals from appliances, fittings or basic services is an aim of home automation.
Tasks
HVAC
 
Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) solutions include temperature and humidity control. This isgenerally one of the most important aspects to a homeowner. An Internet-controlled thermostat, for example, canboth save money and help the environment, by allowing the homeowner to control the building's heating and airconditioning systems remotely.
L
ighting
 
L
ighting control systems can be used to control household electric lights.
 
Extinguish all the lights of the house
 
Replace manual switching with Automation of on and off signals for any or all lights
 
Regulation of electric illumination levels according to the level of ambient light available
 
Change the ambient color of lighting via control of 
L
EDs or electronic dimmersNatural lighting control involves controlling window shades,
L
CD shades, draperies and awnings.
Audio and video
 
This category includes audio and video switching and distribution. Multiple audio or video sources can be selectedand distributed to one or more rooms.
S
ecurity
 
Control and integration of security systems.With Home Automation, the consumer can select and watch cameras live from an Internet source to their home orbusiness. Security cameras can be controlled, allowing the user to observe activity around a house or business rightfrom a Monitor or touch panel. Security systems can include motion sensors that will detect any kind of unauthorized movement and notify the user through the security system or via cell phone.This category also includes control and distribution of security cameras.
y
 
Detection of possible intrusion
o
 
sensors of detection of movement
o
 
sensors of magnetic contact of door/window
o
 
sensors of glass breaking
o
 
sensors of pressure changes
y
 
Simulation of presence.
y
 
Detection of fire, gas leaks, water leaks
y
 
Medical alert. Teleassistance.
y
 
Precise and safe closing of blinds.
 
I
ntercoms
 
An intercom system allows communication via a microphone and loud speaker between multiple rooms. Integrationof the intercom to the telephone or of the video door entry system to the television set, allowing the residents toview the door camera automatically.
O
ther systems
 
A homemade Internet-enabled cat feeder.
Using special hardware, almost any device can be monitored and controlled automatically or remotely, including:
y
 
Coffeemaker
y
 
Garage door
y
 
Pet feeding and watering
y
 
Plant watering
y
 
Pool pump(s) and heater, Hot tub and Spa
y
 
Sump Pump
y
 
More sophisticated systems can maintain an inventory of products, recording their usage through bar codes,or an RFID tag, and prepare a shopping list or even automatically order replacements.
Technology  structure and elements
In order to understand the potential of the technology, we will describe the different elements. In general thecomponents are divided into:
 
Sensors; monitoring and submitting messages in case of changes
 
Actuators; performing a physical action
 
Controllers; making choices based on pro grammed rules and occurrences 
 
Interface and monitoring 
SENSORS
 
Sensors monitor and measure activities in the surroundings. Examples are movement and heat sensors, humiditysensors, bed mats, thermometers and smoke detectors.

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