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Colloidal System

Colloidal System

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Published by taniza55
1 1. Introduction: In1986 Thomas Graham which can work for diffusion to be found substances in sugars acids and bases. It can be parchment in a gelatin glue and albumen. These substances belongs to a category of crystalline state are known as crystalloids. Then the substance which belongs to another category is known as colloids. The branch of development the observation is called as a colloidal science. Colloids are mixtures whose particles are larger than the size of a molecule but smaller tha
1 1. Introduction: In1986 Thomas Graham which can work for diffusion to be found substances in sugars acids and bases. It can be parchment in a gelatin glue and albumen. These substances belongs to a category of crystalline state are known as crystalloids. Then the substance which belongs to another category is known as colloids. The branch of development the observation is called as a colloidal science. Colloids are mixtures whose particles are larger than the size of a molecule but smaller tha

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: taniza55 on Jun 11, 2011
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02/26/2013

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1. Introduction
:In1986 Thomas Graham which can work for diffusion to be found substances in sugars acidsand bases. It can be parchment in a gelatin glue and albumen. These substances belongs to acategory of crystalline state are known as crystalloids. Then the substance which belongs toanother category is known as colloids. The branch of development the observation is called as acolloidal science. Colloids are mixtures whose particles are larger than the size of a molecule butsmaller than particles that can be seen with the naked eye. Colloids are one of three major typesof mixtures, the other two being solutions and suspensions. The three kinds of mixtures aredistinguished by the size of the particles that make them up. The particles in a solution are aboutthe size of molecules, approximately 1 nanometer in diameter. Those that make up suspensionsare larger than 1,000 nanometers. Finally, colloidal particles range in size between 1 and 1,000nanometers. Colloids are also called colloidal dispersions because the particles of which they aremade are dispersed, or spread out, through the mixture. A full understanding of the properties of colloids calls upon a wide range of physical and chemical ideas, while the multitude of colloidalsystems presented to us in nature, and familiar in modern society, exhibit a daunting complexity.It is this that has delayed the development of colloid science, since a detailed and fundamentaltheoretical understanding of colloidal behavior is possible only through a thorough knowledge of  broad areas of physics, chemistry, and mathematical physics, together in many instances with anunderstanding of biological structures and processes. On the experimental side there is an ever-increasing emphasis on the application of modern physical techniques to colloidal problems.Colloid science is thus a truly interdisciplinary subject.1
 
2. The definition of colloid:
 Colloidal System is defined as the heterogenous biphasic system in which the dispersed phaseranges within 1-10 angstrom to few micrometers in dimensions. This dispersed phase is nothing but the colloidal particles or colloids. A colloidal system differs from other heterogenous andhomogenous solutions in terms of the size of dispersed phase.e.g. - True solution has a size range of its dispersed phase less than 0.01 micrometre; while thatof a heterogenous coarse dispersion varies between 10-1000 micrometres.Examples of pharmaceutical colloids--silver colloid (germicidal), Iron-dextran injection (officialand used in treatment of anaemia administered intramuscularly), Iron-sorbitol injection (consistsof citrate, sorbitol and dextran complexed to ferric ions) etc.
3. Characteristics of Colloids:
1) Particle Size2) Particle Shape3) Surface Area4) Surface Charge
o
Particle Size
The particle size as stated above varies between 1-10 angstrom to fewmicrometres.However; the major consideration of the particle size in this context is thecolour it reflects is mainly due to its size. Larger the particle size, lesser wavelength of 2
 
light it transmits. But this doesn't indicate that lesser particle size transmits larger wavelength of light.e.g. - Colloidal gold has a red color while that of a gold sol having intermediate sizes of gold particles has a violet color.
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Particle Shape
The colloidal particles may possess different shapes like:1)spherical (e.g.-surfactants)2)rod-shaped(e.g.-Tobacco mosaic virus)3)Flakes(e.g-Bentonite)4)Ellipsoid(e.g.-serum albumin)5)Branched(e.g.-cellulose)The shape of the particles also reflect specific colour.E.g-Gold colloid consisting of Spherical particles has red colour while those having discshape have blue colour.3

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