2. The definition of colloid:
Colloidal System is defined as the heterogenous biphasic system in which the dispersed phaseranges within 1-10 angstrom to few micrometers in dimensions. This dispersed phase is nothing but the colloidal particles or colloids. A colloidal system differs from other heterogenous andhomogenous solutions in terms of the size of dispersed phase.e.g. - True solution has a size range of its dispersed phase less than 0.01 micrometre; while thatof a heterogenous coarse dispersion varies between 10-1000 micrometres.Examples of pharmaceutical colloids--silver colloid (germicidal), Iron-dextran injection (officialand used in treatment of anaemia administered intramuscularly), Iron-sorbitol injection (consistsof citrate, sorbitol and dextran complexed to ferric ions) etc.
3. Characteristics of Colloids:
1) Particle Size2) Particle Shape3) Surface Area4) Surface Charge
The particle size as stated above varies between 1-10 angstrom to fewmicrometres.However; the major consideration of the particle size in this context is thecolour it reflects is mainly due to its size. Larger the particle size, lesser wavelength of 2