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NPR Chapters 1-3 Fundamentals of Audio 1 17 11

NPR Chapters 1-3 Fundamentals of Audio 1 17 11

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Published by NadiaPricia
Nadia Rey [94519]
Fundamentals of Audio [ Monday 8am-12pm] January 17, 2011 Chapter 1-3 Outline

Chapter 1 : Modern Recording Techniques [ Introduction ] The Recording Studio
Nadia Rey [94519]
Fundamentals of Audio [ Monday 8am-12pm] January 17, 2011 Chapter 1-3 Outline

Chapter 1 : Modern Recording Techniques [ Introduction ] The Recording Studio

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Published by: NadiaPricia on Jun 11, 2011
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Nadia Rey [94519]
 Fundamentals of Audio [ Monday 8am-12pm]
January 17, 2011
Chapter 1-3 Outline<script type="text/javascript" src="http://o.aolcdn.com/art/merge?f=/_media/sp/sp- player.js&f=/_media/sp/sp-player-tumblr.js&expsec=86400&ver=11&bgcolor=#000000&trackcolor=#40ff00&clicktext= Hear %20Ye&clickimg=true&autoplay=true&showpop=false&progressbackcolor=2fff00&showplaylistbutton=false&btncolor=white-black"></script>
Chapter 1 : Modern Recording Techniques [ Introduction ]The Recording Studio
A commercial music studio consists of multiple acoustic spacesdesigned and tuned for capturing the best quality of sound onto the equipment in the studio. Studios require professional staff, equipment and acomfortable environment to produce quality sound. Acoustic design, sizeand shape are also factors that areimportant when considering building a recording facility. It is mostimportant that the architecture of the studio isacoustically designed and that the control room and mixing environment isoptimal for recording. There aremultiple types of studios because of the evolution of technology. The optionto build a studio in one's homehas been made possible due to the new affordable developments in digitalaudio recording systems. The option of having a portable studio are made possible by the facilitation of recordingsoftware compatible with laptops.Audio is essential in film and video production because it is necessary in
implementing a source of audio entertainment to accompany the visual entertainment of each project.Artists, studio musicians, arrangers, producers, engineers,maintenance engineers, and DJ's areall characters in the studio who help to perfect a final recording, each person plays an integral part in an audiosession. The recording process will continue if not all, a majority of thesestages : Preparation, Recording,Overdubbing, Mixing Down, Mastering and Product Manufacturing.Preparation is the mental and physicalawareness of the process about to take place, referring to questions such as "Have we practiced sufficiently?"," What is our goal and budget?" and " What are our time limitations?".Recording includes either multitrack or hard disk recording technology to compose a final recording. There may bemultiple artists or instrumentalistsrecording or a solo performer. Overdubbing consists of after recordingadding additional parts to the track recorded to perfect or enhance the recording. Mixing down is a process of  perfecting the material so that it is of its best recorded and audible quality ; relative level, spatial positioning,equalization, dynamics processng and effect processing are augmented to create the final sound. Mastering is the finalsmoothing of a recording to ensure thatthe product is at its optimal quality for its intended media. Productmanufacture is the actual product packaging of 
a product from track listing, manufacture masters, and art layout and design.* The transducer, is any device that changes one from of energyinto another, corresponding form of energy.
Chapter 2 : Sound & HearingThe Basics of Sound
Sound is a concept that describes the brain's perception andinterpreation of a physical auditorystimulus, the examination of sound can be divided into four areas : basics,characteristics of the ear,how the ear is stimulated by sound and the psycho-acoustics of hearing.The Basics - Sound arrives at the ear in the form of sound pressure waves. These are periodicvariations in atmospheric pressure. These movements are measured in amultitude of ways.
Compression - greater than normal atmospheric pressure | Rarefaction -lower than normal atmospheric pressure
Waveform Characteristics - Amplitude-
 Distance above or below the centerline of a waveform, the greater the distance the more intense the pressure variation.
The rate at which an acoustic generator, electrical signal or vibrating mass repeats within a cycle of positive & negative amplitude.
The velocity of a sound wave as it travels through air at 68°F iisapproximately 1130 ft/sec, speed is temperature dependent increasing at arate of 1.1 ft/sec fore each Fahrenheit defree increase.
The wavelength of a waveform
[Lambda], is the physical distance in a medium between the beginning and end of a cycle.

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