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Factors Affecting Employees Motivation

Factors Affecting Employees Motivation

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Published by jawadharipur

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Published by: jawadharipur on Jun 12, 2011
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Factors affecting employees motivationFactors affecting employees’ motivation BackgroundThe study will be dealing with employee motivation of Ethiopian organizations, findingout several factors affecting the level of motivation from looking at positive factors aswell negative factors that will shake in the mode of motivation received by theemployees. Ideally, from one point employees are being considered as a manpower basisinto the production of goods and services (1973). The need to recognize if someemployees are not motivated by money as employee behavior is linked to certaincomprised attitudes ( 1993). (1995), define motivation as the psychological process thatgives behavior purpose and direction also, an internal drive to satisfy an unsatisfied needaccording to (1994), and the will to achieve (1993). For the study, employee motivationassume an inner force that drives individuals to accomplish personal and organizationalgoals.Research ObjectivesThe research objectives for this research would be, to describe the importance of certainfactors in motivating employees of Ethiopian organization preferably, the small andmedium sized business. Thus, research assumption sought to recognize rankings of certain employee motivating factors namely: job security, loyalty to employees,conducive working conditions, better wage system, work performance appreciation aswell as promotion and growth at work Research QuestionsWhat is employee motivation? How it is applied in business organizations? Discussmotivation theoriesWhat are the factors affecting employee motivation? List them and provide possible positive and negative factorsHow does employees received motivation? Are they motivated based on standards andnorms?What are several ways that organization may use to constantly motivate their employees?
Is performance affected by factors such as wage systems and the issue of money, theamount of salary given? Explain in relation to theories.Does flexible paying terms work effectively to positively motivate employees? Why?What can be done to improve employee motivation at Ethiopian organizations? Givecases of employee motivation SignificanceThe significance of motivational factors of employees provides useful information for thecenters' director and employees. Knowing how to use this information in motivatingEthiopian based employees can be complex if, Hertzberg's theory is followed,management should begin by focusing on pay and job security before focusing oninteresting work and full appreciation of work done. If Adams' equity theory is followed,management should begin by focusing on areas where there may be perceived inequities before focusing on interesting work and job security. The key to motivating centers'employees is to know what motivates them and designing a motivation program based onthose needs. Literature OverviewThe Role of MotivationAccording to (1994), organizations need necessary motivated employees for survival asneeded in the fast moving and changing workplaces. Motivated employees helporganizations survive. Motivated employees are more productive. To be effective,managers need to understand what motivates employees within the context of the rolesthey perform ( 1991). For example, research suggests that as employees' incomeincreases, money becomes less of motivator ( 1987) and if becoming older, interestingwork becomes one great motivator.Motivation TheoriesThere can be approaches that assume understanding of motivation based on Maslow'sneed-hierarchy theory, Herzberg's two- factor theory, Vroom's expectancy theory,Adams' equity theory, and Skinner's reinforcement theory. Maslow argued that lower level needs had to be satisfied before the next higher level need would motivateemployees. work categorized motivation into two factors: motivators and hygienes( 1959). Vroom's theory is based on the belief that employee effort will lead to performance and performance will lead to rewards ( 1964). Rewards may be either  positive or negative. The more positive the reward the more likely the employee will behighly motivated. Conversely, the more negative the reward the less likely the employee

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