Yakap ng InaYakap ng Buhay
Protocol forNew LifeEssentialNewborn Care:
he Philippines is one of 42 nations that account
for 90 percent of global under-ve mortality.An estimated 82,000 Filipino children dieannually before their 5th birthday. More than one-
third (37 percent) of these children are newborns
less than 28 days old. These newborns die mostly of preventable causes such as asphyxia (lack of oxygento the brain) or sepsis (severe infection). The highestnumber of newborn deaths occur in the rst twodays of life. Factors and conditions surrounding labor,delivery, and the immediate postpartum period havebeen seen as reasons.
The Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 4, inparticular, aims for a reduction in under-vemortality by two-thirds by 2015. Childhood deathrates in the Philippines have shown a downwardtrend, but the decline dangerously sloweddown in the past 10 years because the neonatalmortality rate has remained almost unchanged.
he Unang Yakap campaign is a call to action bythe Department of Health on the national andlocal sectors, public and private health and relatedsectors, individuals and organizations, mass media,and academe to strengthen alliances to implement theEssential Newborn Care protocol.
oting an alarming stagnation in the country’sneonatal mortality rate, subsequent studieshave documented a marked lack in the practiceof newborn care interventions in the biggest healthfacilities in the country.
In response, the Department of Health—with supportfrom experts, stakeholders, and partners led by theWorld Health Organization—crafted the NewbornCare in the First Week of Life Clinical Practice GuideBook utilizing a validated, evidence-based process.On December 7, 2009, the DOH issued anadministrative order to implement the ENC protocolwith the goal of rapidly reducing the number of newborn deaths in the Philippines. With AO 2009- 0025, the whole hierarchy of the DOH and itsattached agencies, public and private providers of health care and development partners implementingthe Maternal, Newborn and Child Health andNutrition Strategy and all health practitioners of maternal and newborn care are enjoined to adopt
the policies and protocol on Essential Newborn
Care. Implementation of the ENC protocolhas the potential to avert approximately
70 percent of newborn deaths that
are due to preventable causes.
Unang Yakap aimsto save newborn lives.
Causes of neonatal death
HIV/AIDS 3%Diarrhea 17%Measles 4%Malaria 8%Pneumonia 19%Injuries 3%Other 10%
Preterm 28%Congenital 8%Asphyxia 23%Sepsis or Pneumonia 26%Diarrhea 3% Tetanus 7%Other 7%
Write for more information to:
Department of Health
San Lazaro CompoundSta. Cruz, Manila(+632) 743-8301 local 1726/8
Or your DOH Centers for Health
Development (Regional DOH Ofces)
National Demographic and Health Survey, 2003
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