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wellcontrol_v2-1

wellcontrol_v2-1

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Published by: Anca Maria Anistoroae on Jun 12, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/05/2014

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BLOW OUT PREVENTION&WELL CONTROL
Version 2.1March 2001Dave Hawker
Corporate Mission
To be a worldwide leader in providing drilling and geological monitoring solutions to the oil and gasindustry, by utilizing innovative technologies and delivering exceptional customer service.
 
DATALOG: BOP & WELL CONTROL MANUAL, Version 2.1, issued March, 2001DATALOG: BOP & WELL CONTROL MANUAL, Version 2.1, issued March, 20011
CONTENTS
1 INTRODUCTION...................................................................................................................................................3
 
2 PRESSURE GRADIENTS.....................................................................................................................................4
 
2.1 F
ORMATION
R
ELATED
P
RESSURES
......................................................................................................................4
 
2.2 W
ELLBORE
B
ALANCING
P
RESSURES
...................................................................................................................5
 
2.2.1 Mud Hydrostatic .........................................................................................................................................
 
2.2.2 Equivalent Circulating Density...................................................................................................................
 
2.2.3 Surge Pressures...........................................................................................................................................8
 
2.2.4 Swab Pressures...........................................................................................................................................8
 
3 KICKS AND BLOWOUTS..................................................................................................................................10
 
3.1 D
EFINITIONS
.....................................................................................................................................................10
 
3.2 C
AUSES
O
F
K
ICKS
............................................................................................................................................11
 
3.3 K
ICK
W
ARNING
S
IGNS
......................................................................................................................................12
 
3.4 I
NDICATIONS
O
F
K
ICKS
W
HILE
D
RILLING
........................................................................................................13
 
3.4.1 Connection Gas.........................................................................................................................................14
 
3.5 I
NDICATORS
W
HILE
T
RIPPING
...........................................................................................................................16
 
3.5.1 Trip Margin...............................................................................................................................................17 
 
3.6 G
AS
E
XPANSION
...............................................................................................................................................19
 
3.7 F
LOWCHECKS
...................................................................................................................................................20
 
4 KICK CONTROL EQUIPMENT.......................................................................................................................21
 
4.1 T
HE
BOP S
TACK
..............................................................................................................................................21
 
4.2 P
REVENTERS AND
R
AMS
...................................................................................................................................22
 
4.2.1 Annular Preventer.....................................................................................................................................22
 
4.2.2 Ram Preventers.........................................................................................................................................23
 
4.3 S
TACK
C
ONFIGURATION
...................................................................................................................................24
 
4.4 S
UBSEA
E
QUIPMENT
.........................................................................................................................................25
 
4.4.1 Lower Marine Riser Package....................................................................................................................26 
 
4.5 C
HOKE
M
ANIFOLD
............................................................................................................................................27
 
4.5.1 Choke and Kill Lines.................................................................................................................................28
 
4.6 C
LOSING THE
P
REVENTERS
...............................................................................................................................29
 
4.6.1 Pressure source.........................................................................................................................................29
 
4.6.2 Accumulators ............................................................................................................................................29
 
4.6.3 Control manifold.......................................................................................................................................30
 
4.7 D
IVERTERS
.......................................................................................................................................................32
 
4.8 I
NSIDE
B
LOWOUT
P
REVENTORS
........................................................................................................................33
 
4.8.1 Kelly Rigs..................................................................................................................................................33
 
4.8.2 Top Drive Rigs..........................................................................................................................................33
 
4.8.3 Additional Preventers................................................................................................................................34
 
4.9 R
OTATING
P
REVENTERS
...................................................................................................................................35
 
5 FRACTURE CALCULATIONS.........................................................................................................................36
 
5.1 L
EAK
O
FF
T
EST
................................................................................................................................................36
 
5.2 F
RACTURE
P
RESSURE
.......................................................................................................................................38
 
5.3 M
AXIMUM
A
LLOWABLE
A
NNULAR
S
URFACE
P
RESSURE
..................................................................................41
 
5.4 K
ICK
T
OLERANCE
.............................................................................................................................................43
 
6 WELL CONTROL PRINCIPLES & CALCULATIONS.................................................................................48
 
6.1 BALANCING BOTTOM HOLE PRESSURES..............................................................................................48
 
6.2 S
HUT
I
N
F
ORMULAS
..........................................................................................................................................51
 
 
DATALOG: BOP & WELL CONTROL MANUAL, Version 2.1, issued March, 2001DATALOG: BOP & WELL CONTROL MANUAL, Version 2.1, issued March, 200126.3 I
NFLUX
H
EIGHT AND
T
YPE
...............................................................................................................................51
 
6.4 S
TABILIZING
S
HUT
I
N
P
RESSURES
.....................................................................................................................53
 
6.5 I
NDUCED
K
ICKS
................................................................................................................................................54
 
6.6 O
NE
W
AY
F
LOATS
............................................................................................................................................54
 
6.7 S
LOW
C
IRCULATING
R
ATES
..............................................................................................................................55
 
6.8 K
ILL
M
UDWEIGHT
............................................................................................................................................55
 
6.9 C
IRCULATING
T
HE
K
ILL
M
UD
..........................................................................................................................56
 
6.10 P
RESSURE
S
TEP
D
OWN
...................................................................................................................................58
 
6.11 S
UBSEA
C
ONSIDERATIONS
..............................................................................................................................59
 
7 WELL CONTROL METHODS..........................................................................................................................60
 
7.1 W
AIT AND
W
EIGHT
...........................................................................................................................................60
 
7.2 D
RILLER
S
M
ETHOD
.........................................................................................................................................62
 
7.3 C
ONCURRENT
M
ETHOD
....................................................................................................................................64
 
7.5 V
OLUMETRIC
M
ETHOD
.....................................................................................................................................65
 
8 QLOG SOFTWARE.............................................................................................................................................67
 
8.1 L
EAK
O
FF
P
ROGRAM
........................................................................................................................................67
 
8.2 K
ICK
 /K
ILL
P
ROGRAM
.......................................................................................................................................68
 
9 EXERCISES..........................................................................................................................................................70
 

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