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Jefferson Encourages Western Expansion

Jefferson Encourages Western Expansion

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Published by Jessica L. Burke

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Published by: Jessica L. Burke on Jun 12, 2011
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President Jefferson wanted to explore further west because he saw there was potential land out in thenew land. Jefferson believed that the settlers would eventually move out west to explore the land, andsee what a value the land was. (McGraw-Hill, p.231, 2005) Jefferson knew that if the cities that werealready developing in the east, people would not want to stay there much longer and would movewest. (McGraw-Hill, p.235, 2005) Jefferson had the means to start this process and he did once hepurchased Louisiana.France being the most powerful European country at the time, they did not want to sell Louisiana orFlorida because they knew it would be a huge stepping block for America to move forward with westernexploration. (McGraw-Hill, p.232, 2005) Although at the time Napoleon needed money, and saw that awar was about to breakout again in Europe so offered to sell all of Louisiana to America. PresidentJefferson took the opportunity to get 830,000 square miles of land from Napoleon, and he did for 15million dollars. (McGraw-Hill, p.232, 2005) That gave them more control to pass goods up and downthe Mississippi river, since they still had no control over Florida at this time.Jefferson took on Lewis and Clark to explore the land, mainly go through the Missouri river and onwardto the Pacific, eventually landing them in Oregon. Jefferson wanted Lewis and Clark to explore thewestern land, which was on the other side of the Mississippi, but to follow the Missouri river over to thePacific ocean which landed them in Oregon. (McGraw-Hill, p.232, 2005) Sacajawea was an Indianwoman who helped Lewis and Clark on their expedition to help guide them and translate for them ontheir exploration. (McGraw-Hill, p.233, 2005) Lewis and Clark were accounted for on their two and half year expedition and were known as two of the greatest explorers of their time.There were many repercussions from the western expansion, the key repercussions that stuck out werethe second great awakening, The embargo act, deforestation and the American Indians. In 1850 thesettlers had cleared at least 100 million acres of trees. Congress and President Jefferson suspended allU.S. trade with foreign nations in the Embargo Act of 1907, in hoping to get the British to end theirblockade of the American coast. (McGraw-Hill, p.242, 2005) The Embargo Act, however, devastatedAmerican agricultural exports and weakened American ports while Britain found other sources of food.When the American settlers (the whites) moved West into Ohio especially, Chief Black Hoof wanted adeed to ensure that his people could raise good grain and cut hay for cattle and guarantee that nobodywould take advantage of them. (McGraw-Hill, p.234, 2005) The Indians did not get this deed of course,because the white people and politicians did not want the Indians to gain anymore power. Whendeforestation happened the animals started to disappear and therefore loss of food for hunting and forthe Indians and settlers to feed off of. The Second Great Awakening was part of the expansionnegatively because the rivals started to form between different denominations. People started tosocially have their own groups, and the Methodists was the biggest part of this rival. (McGraw-Hill,p.235, 2005) Because of this rival people started to pick and chose who they associated with, workedwith, and traded with. Loss of trade is loss of money.
 
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Jefferson saw the West as the means to preserve the values of an agrarian republic.
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Crowed cities would send rural residents migrating west in search of cheap land.
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Land would transform the United States into an empire of liberty.
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Jeffersonian perspective, western expansion was a blessing economically, socially, andpolitically.
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France tried to block western expansion
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Jefferson purchased Louisiana Territory from France
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D
oubled the size of the United States overnight.
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Secure control of the Mississippi River
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Western commerce could flow down the Mississippi
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Jefferson authorized the Lewis and Clark expedition
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They were to explore the new territories that lay west of the Mississippi River.
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Lewis and Clark were sent to explore the Missouri river over to the Pacific
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Lewis and Clark-
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navigated countless rapids
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conducted negotiations with numerous tribes
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collected thousands of plant and animal specimens
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discovered several passes through the Rockies
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produced an accurate map
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their most valuable contribution to western exploration
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Sacajawea, an Indian woman, served as their guide and translator.
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American settlers went westward
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East coast to the Midwest, Southwest, and Texas
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Sought out economic opportunity in the form of land to own and farm.
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Th
e growt
h
of t
h
e railroads and canals
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the growth of an industrial economy and supported the westward movement of settlers.

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