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Table Of Contents

1.0. Introduction to Apparel Industry
1.1. Performance of Indian Apparel Industry
1.2. Some Interesting Facts
2.0. Apparel Industry Departments
2.1.1. A Merchandisers key responsibility
2.2. Sampling Department
2.2.1. Types of Samples in Sampling Dept
2.4. PURCHASING DEPARTMENT
2.5. FABRIC AUDIT DEPARTMENT
2.6. ACCESSORY STORES DEPARTMENT
2.7. PLANNING DEPARTMENT
2.9. MACHINE MAINTENANCE
2.9.1. The function of PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE
2.10. CUTTING ROOM
2.11. Production Department
2.12. IED DEPARTMENT
2.13. EMBROIDERY DEPARTMENT
2.14. WASHING DEPARTMENT
2.15. QUALITY ASSURANCE DEPARTMENT
2.16. FINISHING DEPARTMENT
3.0. What is Quality?
3.1. Answers for Quality from Different Peoples
3.2. Meaning of Quality
3.2.1. Expectations of Quality
3.3.1. Holistic Perspective
3.3.2. Product Perspective
3.3.3. Producer Perspective (Manufacturer Perspective)
3.3.4. Customer Perspective
3.3.5. Value based perspective
4.0. Dimensions of Quality
4.1. Performance
4.2. Features
4.3. Reliability
4.4. Conformance
4.5. Durability & Serviceability
4.6. Aesthetics & Perceived Quality
5.0. Quality Related Terms and Definitions
5.1. Quality related terminology
5.2. Introduction to Quality Assurance
5.2.1. The Textile Industry Complex
5.2.2. Textile quality Assurance
5.2.3. Quality Control
6.0. Quality Standards and Quality Grade
6.1. Standards – Introduction
6.1.1. Standards – Definition by ISO
6.1.2. Standardization
6.1.3. Developing Standards
6.1.4. Benefits of Standards
6.1.5. Levels of Standards
6.2. Types of Standards
6.3. Other types of Standards in the Industry
6.3.1. Company Standards
6.3.2. Industry Standards
6.3.3. Voluntary Standards
6.4. International Standards
6.5. APPLICATION OF STANDARDS TO TEXTILE INDUSTRY
6.5.1. Purpose of standards & specification
6.5.2. Focus of Company towards Quality Standard
6.5.3. Construction Standards
6.5.4. Special Consumer needs
6.5.5. Appearance of the finished product
6.5.6. Packaging
7.0. Different Textile and Apparel Standards
7.1. Sources of Standards
7.2. American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists (AATCC) Introduction
7.2.1. About AATCC
7.3. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Introduction
7.3.1. ASTM Committees
7.3.2. ASTM Standards
7.4. American Society for Quality (ASQ)
7.4.1. The ASQ code of Ethics
7.5. American Apparel and Footwear Association (AAFA)
7.5.1. AAFA Committees and Divisions
Textile / Clothing Technology Corp
7.7. American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
7.8. ISO – International Organization for Standardization
7.8.1. Need for ISO
7.8.2. ISO 9000 Series Standards
7.8.3. How does the series work?
7.8.4. Elements of ISO 9000 Standards
7.8.5. Who is using ISO 9000?
7.8.6. What does being registered to ISO 9001, 9002 or 9003 mean?
7.8.7. Advantages of Implementing or registering to these standards
8.0. Quality Specification
8.1. Two important elements in Specifications
8.1.1. Minimums
8.1.2. Tolerances
8.2. Key element in Specification
8.3. Types of Specification
8.3.1. Open Specification
8.3.2. Closed specification
8.4. Types of specifications used by various industries
8.4.1. Target Specification:
8.4.2. Functional specifications
8.4.3. Product specification
8.4.4. Materials Specification
8.4.5. Process specification
8.4.6. Inspection specifications
8.4.7. Test specifications
8.4.8. Acceptance Specifications
8.4.9. Installation Specifications
8.4.10. Use Specifications
8.4.11. Maintenance Specifications
8.4.12. Disposal Specifications
8.4.13. Procurement Specifications
8.5. Tolerances
9.0. Fabric Inspection Systems
9.1. Inspection Loop:
9.2. Fabric Inspection Machine
9.3. General Inspection Procedures
9.4. 4 – Point System
9.5. 10-Point System
9.6. Correlation between Fabric Quality and Apparel Quality
13.2. Testing of Zippers
13.2.1. Zipper Strength Tests
13.3. Elastic Waistband Testing
13.3.1. Fit for the labeled Size
13.3.2. Resistance to Degradation, Accelerated Aging Method
13.4. Sewing Thread Testing
13.5. Buttons Testing
14.0. Procedures practiced for Quality Control and Assurance (Cutting)
14.1. Introduction – In-Process Inspection
14.2. In-Process inspection - Spreading defects
14.3. Pattern Defects – Marker making Defects
14.4. Cutting Defects
14.5. Glossary of Cutting room defects
15.0. Inspection procedures in Sewing Room
15.1. What to Inspect during Sewing?
15.2. Sewing Defects
15.4. Seaming Defects
15.5. Assembly Defects
16.0. Procedures practiced for Quality Control and Assurance in Fusing Operation
16.1. Interlinings
16.1.1. Functions of interlinings
16.2. Fusing Technology
16.2.1. Base cloths
16.2.2. Resins
16.2.3. Coating Systems
16.2.4. Machinery and Equipment
16.3. The Control of Quality
16.3.1. Temperature
16.3.2. Time
16.3.3. Pressure
16.3.4. Peel- Strength test
16.3.5. Dry clean and /or wash
16.4. Problems associated with the use of the fusible interlinings
16.4.1. Boardiness
16.4.2. Bubbling
16.4.3. Color Change
16.4.4. Delamination
16.4.5. Shrinkage
16.4.6. Strike back
16.4.7. Strike Through
17.0. Final Inspection
17.1. Measurements for men’s L/S dress shirts
17.3. Some possible defects in garments with diagrams
17.4. Not readily apparent defects
18.0. How much to Inspect?
18.1. No Inspection
18.2.100 % Inspection
18.3. Spot Checking
18.4. Arbitrary Sampling
18.5. Statistical Sampling
18.6. Acceptable Quality Level (AQL)
18.6.1. What is AQL?
18.6.2. Brief History of AQL and Acceptance sampling
18.6.3. How do the Acceptance Sampling Plans Work?
18.6.4. How to ensure success at AQL based inspections?
18.6.5. What AQL is not?
18.7. Sampling Plan – Production System:
18.7.1. Continuous Sampling Plan – CSP – 1
18.8. Average Outgoing Quality Level (AOQL)
19.0. Procedures practiced for quality control and assurance (Finishing)
19.1. Quality / workmanship standards in general
20.0. Different Stages of Samples and their requirements
20.1. Development samples or enquiry samples
20.2. Salesmen samples or promotional samples
20.3. Photo samples or fit samples
20.4. Counter samples or reference samples or approval samples
20.5. Wash test samples
20.6. Pre-production samples
20.7. Production samples
20.8. Shipment samples
21.0. Product Zones – Zoning defects and Appearance
21.1. Product Zones
22.0. Packaging
22.1. Apparel – Packing Merchandise
22.2. Diagram for Packaging a shirt
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Apparel Standards Specification and Quality Control - 1

Apparel Standards Specification and Quality Control - 1

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Published by P. Lakshmanakanth

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Published by: P. Lakshmanakanth on Jun 13, 2011
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08/05/2013

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