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India

India

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Published by 120shal
India's history.
India's history.

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: 120shal on Jun 13, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/13/2011

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India (officially the Republic of India) is the second most populous country in the world. Here are some interesting and fun factsabout India.
Interesting Facts About India
 
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Chess was first invented in India.
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Hindi and English are the official languages of India.
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India has never invaded another country.
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In India you drive on the left hand side of the road.
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India has more Post Offices than any other country.
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India is the largest democratic country in the world.
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The value of pi was first calculated by an Indian mathematician- Budhayana.
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India has one of the fastest growing economies in the world. However, there are still many people living in poverty. Tohelp,please donate to Give India.
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Cricket is the most popular sport in India. The Indian cricket team won the 2007 ICC World Twenty20.
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Christians make up just 2.3% of the population in India. 80.5% of Indians are Hindu.
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Indian Railways is the largest employer in the world. Over a million people work for them!
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The Indian Film Industry is the largest in the world- even bigger the Hollywood! Bollywood makes Hindi films.
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Most Indians have their marriages arranged by parents and family members, with the consent of the bride and groom. Indiahas a very low divorce rate.
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 About 50% of Indian women marry before reaching 18 years of age.
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India has the 3rd largest military force in the world.
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India never invaded any country in her last 100000 years of history.
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When many cultures were only nomadic forest dwellers over 5000 years ago, Indians established Harappan culture in SindhuValley (Indus Valley Civilization).
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The name 'India' is derived from the River Indus, the valleys around which were the home of the early settlers. The Aryanworshippers referred to the river Indus as the Sindhu.
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The Persian invaders converted it into Hindu. The name `Hindustan' combines Sindhu and Hindu and thus refers to the land of theHindus.
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Chess was invented in India.
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 Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus are studies, which originated in India.
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The 'Place Value System' and the 'Decimal System' were developed in India in 100 B.C.
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The World's First Granite Temple is the Brihadeswara Temple at Tanjavur, Tamil Nadu. The shikhara of the temple is made from asingle 80-tonne piece of granite. This magnificient temple was built in just five years, (between 1004 AD and 1009 AD) during thereign of Rajaraja Chola.
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India is the largest democracy in the world, the 6th largest Country in the world, and one of the most ancient civilizations.
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The game of Snakes & Ladders was created by the 13th century poet saint Gyandev. It was originally called 'Mokshapat'. Theladders in the game represented virtues and the snakes indicated vices. The game was played with cowrie shells and dices. Intime, the game underwent several modifications, but its meaning remained the same, i.e good deeds take people to heaven andevil to a cycle of re-births.
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The world's highest cricket ground is in Chail, Himachal Pradesh. Built in 1893 after levelling a hilltop, this cricket pitchis 2444meters above sea level.
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India has the largest number of Post Offices in the world.
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The largest employer in the world is the Indian Railways, employing over a million people.
 
 
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The world's first university was established in Takshila in 700 BC. More than 10,500 students from all over the world studied morethan 60 subjects. The University of Nalanda built in the 4th century was one of the greatest achievements of ancient India in thefield of education.
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 Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to mankind. The Father of Medicine, Charaka, consolidated Ayurveda 2500years ago.
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India was one of the richest countries till the time of British rule in the early 17th Century. Christopher Columbus, attracted byIndia's wealth, had come looking for a sea route to India when he discovered America by mistake.
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The Art of Navigation & Navigating was born in the river Sindh over 6000 years ago. The very word Navigation is derived from theSanskrit word 'NAVGATIH'. The word navy is also derived from the Sanskrit word 'Nou'.
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Bhaskaracharya rightly calculated the time taken by the earth to orbit the Sun hundreds of years before the astronomer Smart. According to his calculation, the time taken by the Earth to orbit the Sun was 365.258756484 days.
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The value of "pi" was first calculated by the Indian Mathematician Budhayana, and he explained the concept of what is known asthe Pythagorean Theorem. He discovered this in the 6th century, long before the European mathematicians.
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 Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus also orignated in India. Quadratic Equations were used by Sridharacharya in the 11th century.The largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were 106 whereas Hindus used numbers as big as 10*53 (i.e 10 to thepower of 53) with specific names as early as 5000 B.C. during the Vedic period. Even today, the largest used number is Tera:10*12(10 to the power of 12).
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Until 1896, India was the only source of diamonds in the world (Source : Gemological Institute of America).
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The Baily Bridge is the highest bridge in the world. It is located in the Ladakh valley between the Dras and Suru rivers in theHimalayan mountains. It was built by the Indian Army in August 1982.
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Sushruta is regarded as the Father of Surgery. Over 2600 years ago Sushrata & his team conducted complicated surgeries likecataract, artificial limbs, cesareans, fractures, urinary stones, plastic surgery and brain surgeries.
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Usage of anesthesia was well known in ancient Indian medicine. Detailed knowledge of anatomy, embryology, digestion,metabolism, physiology, etiology, genetics and immunity is also found in many ancient Indian texts.
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India exports software to 90 countries.
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The four religions born in India - Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism, are followed by 25% of the world's population.
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Jainism and Buddhism were founded in India in 600 B.C. and 500 B.C. respectively.
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Islam is India's and the world's second largest religion.
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There are 300,000 active mosques in India, more than in any other country, including the Muslim world.
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The oldest European church and synagogue in India are in the city of Cochin. They were built in 1503 and 1568 respectively.
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Jews and Christians have lived continuously in India since 200 B.C. and 52 A.D respectively.
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The largest religious building in the world is Angkor Wat, a Hindu Temple in Cambodia built at the end of the 11th century.
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The Vishnu Temple in the city of Tirupathi built in the 10th century, is the world's largest religious pilgrimage destination. Larger than either Rome or Mecca, an average of 30,000 visitors donate $6 million (US) to the temple everyday.
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Sikhism originated in the Holy city of Amritsar in Punjab. Famous for housing the Golden Temple, the city was founded in 1577.
 
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Varanasi, also known as Benaras, was called "the Ancient City" when Lord Buddha visited it in 500 B.C., and is the oldest,continuously inhabited city in the world today.
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India provides safety for more than 300,000 refugees originally from Sri Lanka, Tibet, Bhutan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh, whoescaped to flee religious and political persecution.
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Martial Arts were first created in India, and later spread to Asia by Buddhist missionaries.
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Yoga has its origins in India and has existed for over 5,000 years.
If you look at India's history, you will find that India is full of so many interesting facts. Indians have always beenintelligent and creative. It is one of the oldest countries in the world. It is a land where all the people fromdifferent cultures and religious background live together as a nation. Indian people are very friendly and caring.They like spending time with their families. There are so many different languages spoken in India but still you cancommunicate with people through the national language of Hindi.
10 Interesting facts about India
:
 
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The famous board game called "Chess" was invented in India.
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In India's 100,000 years of history, it has never invaded any other country.
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India is the 6th largest country in the world, the largest democracy and one of the oldest civilization.
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India was one of the richest countries in the world before the British invasion in 17th century.
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The value of "pi" used in mathematics was first calculated by the Indian mathematician Budhayana in 6thcentury.
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India is one of the largest exporter of computer software products. It exports softwares to over 90countries.
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India has the world's largest pilgrimage destination called the Vishnu Temple the city of Tirupati. About anaverage of 30,000 people visit this temple donating about $6 million US dollars, everyday.
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The origination of Yoga was done 5,000 years ago in India.
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India has the most number of mosques. It has 300,000 mosques which is much more than the Muslim world.
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Christians and Jews have been living in India since 52 A.D. and 200 B.C. respectively.
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y
 
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14 Facts about India
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V
inod Dahm
invented
P
entium chip
( 90% of the today's computers run on it)
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y
 
V
inod Khosla
co-founder of
S
un Microsystems
 
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S
abeer Bhatia
created
H
otmail
( Hotmail is world's No.1 web based email program )
y
 
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ajiv Gupta
is the GM of
H
ewlett
P
ackard
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S
anjay Tejwrika
is the Microsoft Testing Director of
W
indows 2000
, responsible to iron out all initialproblems
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