Some Telecom Concepts You could look up…
1G signifies first-generation wireless analog technology standards that originated in the 1980s.This standard was eventually replaced by 2G, which uses digital radio signals, rather than analog.
2G is short for second generation wireless telephone technology which superseded 1G in theearly 1990s. 2G networks are fully digital which meant phone conversations were digitallyencrypted, making it impossible for third parties to eavesdrop on calls; mobile phone penetrationwas greatly increased; and data services, such as SMS texting could be introduced.
3G refers to the third generation of developments in wireless technology, especially mobilecommunications. 3G technologies enable network operators to offer users a wider range of moreadvanced services while achieving greater network capacity.
4G is the short term for fourth-generation wireless, the stage of broadband mobilecommunications that will supersede the third generation (3G). Neither standards bodies norcarriers have concretely defined or agreed upon what exactly 4G will be. Fourth generationnetworks are likely to use a combination of WiMAX and WiFi.
Code division multiple access (CDMA) refers to any of several protocols used in second-generation (2G) and third-generation (3G) wireless communications. As the term implies, CDMA isa form of multiplexing, which allows numerous signals to occupy a single transmission channel,optimizing the use of available bandwidth.
Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution (EDGE) is a digital mobile phone technology thatallows increased data transmission rates and improved data transmission reliability. EDGE isgenerally classified as 2.75G, although it is part of the 3G definition.
also known as HSPA Evolution, HSPA+, I-HSPA or Internet HSPA, this is a wirelessbroadband standard defined in 3GPP Release 7. eHSPA provides HSPA data rates up to 42Mbps onthe downlink and 22Mbps on the uplink with MIMO technologies and higher order modulation.Telstra announced that their Next G network is capable of offering eHSPA speeds in June 2008.
Evolution-Data Optimized (EVDO) is a 3G wireless radio broadband data standard thatenables faster speeds than are available in existing CDMA networks or other 2G services, such asGPRS or EDGE.
General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) is a packet oriented Mobile Data Service available tousers of Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM). GPRS can be used for services such asWAP access, SMS, MMS, and for Internet communication services such as email and World WideWeb access. 2G cellular systems combined with GPRS are often described as "2.5G", that is, atechnology between the second (2G) and third (3G) generations of mobile telephony.