wound armature (Fig.4.4).One of the first things to be considered in the operationof the motor are the motor and generator action,which exist simultaneously in thearmature circuit of the motor.These two principles are (1) the instantaneous elec-tromotive force (emf),which is induced in the armature conductors when movingwith a velocity
within a magnetic field,and (2) the force produced on the conduc-tors as the result of carrying an electric current in this same magnetic field.
Series motor diagram:
armature resis-tance measured at brushes,
main field resistance,and