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Lucas Villegas-Aristizabal PhD Thesis 2007

Lucas Villegas-Aristizabal PhD Thesis 2007

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Published by: Lucas Villegas-Aristizabal on Jun 13, 2011
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06/13/2011

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Norman and Anglo-NormanParticipation in the Iberian
Reconquista
.1018 -
.1248
 By Lucas Villegas-Aristizábal BA (Hons), MA.Thesis submitted to the University of Nottinghamfor the degree of Doctor of PhilosophyJune 2007
 
 2
In memoria avi meiJaime Villegas Marulanda1925-1999
 
 3
Abstract
This thesis covers the Norman and Anglo-Norman contribution to the Iberian
Reconquista
from the early eleventh to the mid-thirteenth centuries. It exploresthe involvement of these groups as part of the changing ideas of Holy War andtheir transformation as result of the First Crusade. It shows that although the
Reconquista
was the result of important political and economic factors withinthe Iberian realms, the theological aura that the papacy started placing on thisconflict was a powerful motivator increasing the interest of the Normans andlater Anglo-Normans, especially when coincidental with the general call for crusade in western Europe that resulted in the large expeditions that areknown to us as the crusades.To cover these areas, this work is divided in four main sections: thefirst, Chapter II, pursues chronologically the careers of individual members of the Norman nobility such as Roger of Tosny, Robert Crispin and Walter Giffard as they became involved. It also addresses the influence thatinstitutions like Cluny and the papacy might have had in the creation of theidea of the
Reconquista
in the minds of those involved. The second section,Chapter III explores the brief decline of the Norman interest in the peninsulaas a result of the Norman conquest of England and the First Crusade. It alsoexplores the revitalization of the Norman interest in the peninsular conflict withthe careers of Rotrou of Perche and Robert Burdet. Chapter IV, addresses thelarge contribution of the Anglo-Normans as part of the Second Crusade andtheir motivations and the impact of their arrival on the Iberian realms. Chapter V explores the participation of the lower aristocracy and merchants from the

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