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(2001) E-Book - Electronics and Circuit Analysis Using Matlab - Theory - Diodes

(2001) E-Book - Electronics and Circuit Analysis Using Matlab - Theory - Diodes

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Attia, John Okyere. “
Diodes
.”
 Electronics and Circuit Analysis using MATLAB.
Ed. John Okyere AttiaBoca Raton: CRC Press LLC, 1999
 
© 1999 by CRC PRESS LLC
 
 
CHAPTER NINEDIODES
In this chapter, the characteristics of diodes are presented. Diode circuitanalysis techniques will be discussed. Problems involving diode circuits aresolved using MATLAB.
9.1 DIODE CHARACTERISTICS
Diode is a two-terminal device. The electronic symbol of a diode is shown inFigure 9.1(a).Ideally, the diode conducts current in one direction. The cur-rent versus voltage characteristics of an ideal diode are shown inFigure 9.1(b). 
ianode cathode
 (a)
iv
 (b)
Figure 9.1
Ideal Diode (a) Electronic Symbol(b) I-V CharacteristicsThe I-V characteristic of a semiconductor junction diode is shown inFigure 9.2.The characteristic is divided into three regions: forward-biased, reversed- biased, and the breakdown.
© 1999 CRC Press LLC
 
 
© 1999 CRC Press LLC
 
 
 
iv0reversed-biasedforward-biasedbreakdown
 
Figure 9.2
I-V Characteristics of a Semiconductor Junction DiodeIn the forward-biased and reversed-biased regions, the current,
i
,
and thevoltage,
v
,
of a semiconductor diode are related by the diode equation
iIe
vnV 
=
[]
(/)
1
(9.1)where
 I 
is reverse saturation current or leakage current,
n
is an empirical constant between 1 and 2,
is thermal voltage, given by
kT q
=
(9.2)and
is Boltzmann’s constant =
13810
23
.
 x
J /
o
K,
q
is the electronic charge =
1610
19
.
 x
Coulombs,
is the absolute temperature in
o
At room temperature (25
o
C), the thermal voltage is about 25.7 mV.
© 1999 CRC Press LLC
 
 
© 1999 CRC Press LLC
 

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