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Maths Notes (Functions)

# Maths Notes (Functions)

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H2 Mathematics notes on Functions
H2 Mathematics notes on Functions

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11/02/2012

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Done by Nickolas TeoJia Ming, CG 12/11
Functions
Definitions
1.

A
function
from set X to a set Y is a particular type of relation with the property that eachelement in in X is mapped to exactly one element in Ya.

Thus making it well-definedi.

To test if it is well-defined, do a vertical-line testii.

It is not well-defined if the line cuts the graph more than once or does notcut the graph at all (but the line is still within the domain)2.

A
d
omain
(D
) is the set of values which may be mapped by the function (the set of valuesthat the function can process)3.

The
maximal
d
omain
is the largest possible domain that can be assigned to the function4.

A
r
ule
governs how an element from X should be mapped to its corresponding image in Y5.

A
r
ange
(R
)is the set of elements in Y to which elements in X are mapped toa.

U
sually found through graphical representation6.

The domain and range can be expressed though set notation (i.e.
    
) or brackets(i.e. ( = point exclusive, [ = point inclusive, R
= (1,4] )7.

A
r
est
r
iction
of a function is another function that has the same rules, but the domain is asubset of the original function8.

A function is
one-one
if each y-value has only one corresponding x-valuea.

Do a horizontal line test to check if its one-oneb.

It is not one-one if the line cuts the graph less than twice (not cutting at all isallowed)c.

  
, cuts the graph of ___ at most once/ more than once /twice. Therefore9.

An
inve
r
se function
is one that maps the y-values back to the x-values (


)a.

Conditions for


to exist:i.



has to have a defined domain ( which equals to
)ii.



has to have a defined rule (which is found from the original rule)iii.

The original function must be 1-1b.

Properties of the inverse functioni.

The range of


=
ii.

The domain of


=
iii.

It intersects the original graph at (1,1), and y=x is the line of symmetry10.

A
composite function
is a function which is composed of two or more functions performedone after anothera.

The domain of the composite function is the domain of the first functionb.

The range of the composite function will be a subset of the range of the last functionc.

A composite function containing a function and its inverse will produce an identityfunction (a function whos output is the same as the input)d.

Conditions for the composite function to exist:i.

The composite function has a defined domain (see point a)