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Jet Transport Performance 3rd 2011

Jet Transport Performance 3rd 2011

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Published by Ralf Manuel Dittmer
Document about basic Jet Transport Performance, useful for pilots, students and engineers.
Document about basic Jet Transport Performance, useful for pilots, students and engineers.

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Published by: Ralf Manuel Dittmer on Jun 14, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/31/2014

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Jet TransportPerformance
Edition 2011
 
Introduction Jet Transport PerformanceThis brochure is intended to give insight into the flight performance of jet transport aircraft aswell as to refresh essential basic skills, which are required for safe and economic flightoperations.The brochure has been deliberately created without resorting to theoretical derivations.To achieve this purposes the brochure covers the following subjects:
Theory of Flight
Jet Engine Basics
Takeoff Performance
Cruise Performance
Landing Performance
Weight and BalanceThe data contained in this publication are for
training only
. The data must not be used forany other purpose and, specifically,
are not to be used for the purpose of planningactivities associated with the operation of any aircraft in use now or in the future
.
All rights reserved. Copies of this publication may be reproduced as training material for students, for use within acompany or organization, or for personal use, but may not otherwise be reproduced for publication or forcommercial gain. © by Ralf M. Dittmer 3
rd
Edition 2011
 
Jet Transport Performance Table of ContentsI1 THEORY OF FLIGHT..........................................................................................................1
 
1.1 Introduction...................................................................................................................1
 
1.2 Properties of the Atmosphere........................................................................................1
 
1.3 Altimetry Principles........................................................................................................3
 
1.4 The Airfoil or Wing.........................................................................................................4
 
1.5 Lift and Drag Ratio........................................................................................................6
 
1.6 Axes of the Airplane in Flight.........................................................................................9
 
1.7 Airplane Control Surfaces.............................................................................................9
 
1.8 Loads and Loadfactor.................................................................................................12
 
1.9 Stability.......................................................................................................................13
 
1.10 High-Speed Aerodynamics........................................................................................16
 
1.11 Airspeeds..................................................................................................................21
 
1.12 Forces Acting on the Airplane...................................................................................22
 
1.13 Straight and Level Flight............................................................................................22
 
1.14 Climb Performance...................................................................................................23
 
1.15 Range Performance..................................................................................................26
 
2 JET ENGINE.....................................................................................................................29
 
2.1 Development of Thrust................................................................................................29
 
2.2 Factors Affecting Thrust..............................................................................................31
 
2.3 Efficiencies..................................................................................................................35
 
3 TAKEOFF PERFORMANCE.............................................................................................37
 
3.1 General.......................................................................................................................37
 
3.2 The Takeoff Requirements..........................................................................................37
 
3.3 FAR Takeoff Definition................................................................................................38
 
3.4 Takeoff Distances Available........................................................................................39
 
3.5 Takeoff Speeds...........................................................................................................41
 
3.6 Effect of Flap Position on Takeoff................................................................................43
 
3.7 Takeoff Flight Path......................................................................................................44
 
3.8 Improved Climb...........................................................................................................45
 
3.9 Reduced Thrust..........................................................................................................46
 
3.10 Takeoff on Wet and Contamineted Runways............................................................49
 
3.11 Takeoff Performance Data........................................................................................52
 
4 CRUISE PERFORMANCE................................................................................................67
 
4.1 Fuel Requirements......................................................................................................67
 
4.2 Altitude Capability and Maneuver Capability...............................................................68
 
4.3 Step Climb..................................................................................................................68
 
4.4 Driftdown and Net Level Off Weight............................................................................69
 
4.5 Flight Planning and Enroute Performance Data..........................................................70
 
5 LANDING PERFORMANCE..............................................................................................79
 
5.1 Introduction.................................................................................................................79
 
5.2 Landing Performance Data.........................................................................................80
 
6 PERFORMANCE INFORMATION.....................................................................................89
 
6.1 Performance Data Sources.........................................................................................89
 
7 WEIGHT AND BALANCE..................................................................................................91
 
7.1 Introduction.................................................................................................................91
 
7.2 Definitions...................................................................................................................91
 
7.3 Calculation of Center of Gravity...................................................................................94
 
7.4 Index Equation............................................................................................................95
 
7.5 Load and Trimsheet....................................................................................................96
 
7.6 Weight and Balance Information...............................................................................100
 

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