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Essays on Catholicism, Liberalism, and Socialism

Essays on Catholicism, Liberalism, and Socialism

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Published by Charles Salvo

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Published by: Charles Salvo on Jun 14, 2011
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ESSAYS ON CATHOLICISM, LIBERALISM, AND SOCIALISM 
By Juan Donoso Cortes, Marquis of ValdegamasTranslated by Rev. William McDonald, A.B., S.Th.L.Edited with a new introduction by Cologero Salvo
GORNAHOOR PRESS
Liber esse, scientiam acquirere, veritatem loquor
 
Introduction Copyright ©2010 by Gornahoor PressAll Rights ReservedLogo and Motto are service marks and trademarks of Gornahoor Press.
 
i
T
RANSLATOR
S
P
REFACE
 
WHEN I first found Donoso Cortes' Essays on Catholicism, Liberalism, arid Socialism in my hands, andopening its pages, began to read, I was so enchanted with it—so amazed at the profoundness of the viewsexpressed in it, and the angelic sublimity of the ideas it contained—that I determined, if time and occupationsshould ever permit, to undertake its translation into English. This occurred several years ago; although mycircumstances were such that the fulfilment of the intention then formed was delayed till the present time.And now that my task is at last accomplished, I venture to give it to the press, not without misgivingsabout the success of my efforts. However, if the reader finds many defects and shortcomings in this English versionof a great work, he will be kind enough to remember that the difficulties I had to contend with were notinsignificant or few. Any one acquainted with the diversity of form in which the same idea may be, and frequentlyis, expressed in two modern languages, knows well that the translator's task is often one of considerable anxietyand pain. But in the present case there existed a new and special difficulty, which was, to cull and employ languagewhich might bear some proportion to the majestic grandeur of the ideas to be expressed.I know I fall far short of what I aimed at—I feel it is beyond my skill to shoot so high, and I shall be quitecontent if I have got to within a respectable distance of the mark. If I have drawn an approximately true portrait of the inimitable original, I will regard my work as well done; and my readers, I am certain, will rise from the perusalof these pages filled with wonder at the' depth and breadth and sublimity of the author's conceptions.With regard to the plan and analysis of the work, I asked my distinguished friend Canon Torre Velez, sowell known for his critical acumen and profound philosophical acquirements, to deal with that matter in a conciseIntroduction, which he has very kindly done, in a style becoming a man of his brilliant parts. And he has done itwillingly, on unreasonably short notice, as became a warm and generous friend. His words are few, but pregnant;and what he says may be taken as the just appreciation of one gifted mind, by another endowed with all thequalifications requisite to form a correct judgment.THE TRANSLATOR. Salamanca, October 12, 1874
 
ii
T
ABLE OF
C
ONTENTS
 
Translator’s Preface ................................................................................................................................................. i
 
Original Introduction ............................................................................................................................................. iv
 
Editor’s Introduction ............................................................................................................................................. vi
 
Book I. On Catholicism ............................................................................................................................................ 1
 
I:
How a great Question of Theology is always involved in every great political question
................................. 1
 
II.
Of society under the empire of Catholic theology 
. ......................................................................................... 6
 
III.
Of society under the empire of the Catholic Church
. ..................................................................................... 9
 
IV.
Catholicity is love
......................................................................................................................................... 14
 
V.
Our Lord Jesus Christ has not triumphed over the world by the sanctity of His doctrine, nor by propheciesand miracles, but in spite of all these things
. .......................................................................................................... 16
 
VI.
Our Lord Jesus Christ has triumphed over the world by exclusively supernatural means
........................... 18
 
VII.
The Catholic Church has triumphed over society in spite of the same obstacles, and through the samesupernatural means, which gave the victory over the world to our Lord Jesus Christ 
............................................ 23
 
BOOK II. PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS RELATIVE TO ORDER IN GENERAL ............................................................ 27
 
I.
On the free will of man
.................................................................................................................................. 27
 
II.
 Answers to some questions relative to this dogma
...................................................................................... 29
 
III.
Manichaeism of Proudhon
.......................................................................................................................... 33
 
IV.
How the dogmas of providence and liberty are saved by Catholicity, without falling into the theory of rivalry between God and man
. ................................................................................................................................ 37
 
V.
Secret analogies between the moral and physical perturbations, all derived from the liberty of man
. ...... 40
 
VI.
The angelic and the human prevarications—Greatness and enormity of sin.
............................................ 44
 
VII.
How God draws good from the angelic and the human prevarication.
..................................................... 48
 
VIII.
Solutions of the Liberal school relative to these problems.
....................................................................... 52
 
IX.
Socialistic solutions.
..................................................................................................................................... 56
 
X.
Continuation of the same subject—Conclusion of this book 
. ....................................................................... 61
 
BOOK III. PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS RELATIVE TO ORDER IN HUMANITY ........................................................ 69
 
I.
Transmission of sin, dogma of imputation
.................................................................................................... 69
 
II.
How God draws good from sin and penalty, and from the purifying action of pain, freely accepted 
. ......... 72
 
III.
Dogma of solidarity — Contradictions of the Liberal school.
...................................................................... 76
 
IV.
Continuation of the same subject—Socialistic contradictions
. ................................................................... 82
 
V.
Continuation of the same subject 
................................................................................................................ 89
 
VI.
Dogmas correlative of that of solidarity—Bloody sacrifices—Theories of the Rationalistic Schools about Capital Punishment 
. ................................................................................................................................................ 93
 
VII.
Recapitulation—Inefficacy of all the proposed solutions— Necessity of a more profound solution.
........ 98
 
VIII.
The Incarnation of the Son of God, and the Redemption of the Human Race.
....................................... 101
 
IX.
Continuation of the same subject—Conclusion of this book 
. .................................................................... 105
 

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