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Calculus i Complete

# Calculus i Complete

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06/15/2011

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CALCULUS I
Paul Dawkins

Calculus I© 2007 Paul Dawkins i http://tutorial.math.lamar.edu/terms.aspx

Preface ..................................................................................................................................... iii

Outline ..................................................................................................................................... iv

Review ....................................................................................................................................... 2

Introduction ......................................................................................................................................... 2

Review : Functions ............................................................................................................................... 4

Review : Inverse Functions................................................................................................................. 14

Review : Trig Functions ..................................................................................................................... 21

Review : Solving Trig Equations ........................................................................................................ 28

Review : Solving Trig Equations with Calculators, Part I .................................................................... 37

Review : Solving Trig Equations with Calculators, Part II ................................................................... 48

Review : Exponential Functions ......................................................................................................... 53

Review : Logarithm Functions ............................................................................................................ 56

Review : Exponential and Logarithm Equations .................................................................................. 62

Review : Common Graphs .................................................................................................................. 68

Limits .......................................................................................................................................80

Introduction ....................................................................................................................................... 80

Rates of Change and Tangent Lines .................................................................................................... 82

The Limit ........................................................................................................................................... 91

One-Sided Limits .............................................................................................................................. 101

Limit Properties ................................................................................................................................ 107

Computing Limits ............................................................................................................................. 113

Infinite Limits ................................................................................................................................... 121

Limits At Infinity, Part I .................................................................................................................... 130

Limits At Infinity, Part II ................................................................................................................... 139

Continuity ......................................................................................................................................... 148

The Definition of the Limit ................................................................................................................ 155

Derivatives ............................................................................................................................. 170

Introduction ...................................................................................................................................... 170

The Definition of the Derivative ........................................................................................................ 172

Interpretations of the Derivative ........................................................................................................ 178

Differentiation Formulas ................................................................................................................... 187

Product and Quotient Rule ................................................................................................................. 195

Derivatives of Trig Functions ............................................................................................................ 201

Derivatives of Exponential and Logarithm Functions ......................................................................... 212

Derivatives of Inverse Trig Functions ................................................................................................ 217

Derivatives of Hyperbolic Functions .................................................................................................. 223

Chain Rule ........................................................................................................................................ 225

Implicit Differentiation ...................................................................................................................... 235

Related Rates .................................................................................................................................... 244

Higher Order Derivatives .................................................................................................................. 258

Logarithmic Differentiation ............................................................................................................... 263

Applications of Derivatives ................................................................................................... 266

Introduction ...................................................................................................................................... 266

Rates of Change ................................................................................................................................ 268

Critical Points ................................................................................................................................... 271

Minimum and Maximum Values ....................................................................................................... 277

Finding Absolute Extrema ................................................................................................................. 285

The Shape of a Graph, Part I .............................................................................................................. 291

The Shape of a Graph, Part II ............................................................................................................ 300

The Mean Value Theorem ................................................................................................................. 309

Optimization ..................................................................................................................................... 316

More Optimization Problems ............................................................................................................. 330

Indeterminate Forms and L’Hospital’s Rule ....................................................................................... 345

Calculus I© 2007 Paul Dawkins ii http://tutorial.math.lamar.edu/terms.aspxLinear Approximations ...................................................................................................................... 351

Differentials ...................................................................................................................................... 354

Newton’s Method .............................................................................................................................. 357

Integrals ................................................................................................................................. 368

Introduction ...................................................................................................................................... 368

Indefinite Integrals ............................................................................................................................ 369

Computing Indefinite Integrals .......................................................................................................... 375

Substitution Rule for Indefinite Integrals ........................................................................................... 385

More Substitution Rule...................................................................................................................... 398

Area Problem .................................................................................................................................... 411

The Definition of the Definite Integral ............................................................................................... 421

Computing Definite Integrals ............................................................................................................ 431

Substitution Rule for Definite Integrals .............................................................................................. 443

Applications of Integrals ....................................................................................................... 454

Introduction ...................................................................................................................................... 454

Average Function Value .................................................................................................................... 455

Area Between Curves ........................................................................................................................ 458

Volumes of Solids of Revolution / Method of Rings .......................................................................... 469

Volumes of Solids of Revolution / Method of Cylinders..................................................................... 479

More Volume Problems .................................................................................................................... 487

Work ................................................................................................................................................ 498

Extras ..................................................................................................................................... 502

Introduction ...................................................................................................................................... 502

Proof of Various Limit Properties ...................................................................................................... 503

Proof of Various Derivative Facts/Formulas/Properties ...................................................................... 514

Proof of Trig Limits .......................................................................................................................... 527

Proofs of Derivative Applications Facts/Formulas.............................................................................. 532

Proof of Various Integral Facts/Formulas/Properties .......................................................................... 543

Area and Volume Formulas ............................................................................................................... 555

Types of Infinity ............................................................................................................................... 559

Summation Notation ......................................................................................................................... 563

Constants of Integration .................................................................................................................... 565