Nationalism was widely considered to be one of the main reasons that attributed to thedownfall of the Yugoslav federation in the early 1990s.Though influential, the blame does not lie on Nationalism alone, as several other factorsthat resulted in the collapse of the Yugoslav federation. Nationalism was a crucial, butnot direct factor. Rather, it served as a catalyst in many cases.I will start by defining nationalism, before discussing how the 1974 Constitution pavedthe way for nationalistic idealism across the six constituent Socialist republics and twoSocialist autonomous provinces.Several other factors also contributed to the disintegration of the Yugoslav federation.Throughout the essay, I will discuss the role nationalism played in each of the factors,ranging from economic crisis and failure of reform to the passing of Tito (and the wartimegeneration) and how these factors, collectively, were to blame.One also cannot ignore the role Slobodan Milo
played in setting off the chain of events that led to the eventual failure of the Yugoslav state. Finally, I will briefly discussthe significant international factors that contributed to the disintegration of the Yugoslavfederation.